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2017年必备!最全四级翻译专项汇总一(吐血整理)

2017-04-14    来源:普特英语听力    【      托福雅思口语高分过

四级翻译
英语四级翻译专项练习题原文:
赛龙舟(Dragon boat racing)是端午节的一项重要活动,在中国南方尤为流行。关于这项运动的由来,有一种说法是为了纪念中国古代的著名爱国诗人屈原。龙舟的大小和样式多种多样,但一般都带有装饰性的龙头和龙尾。赛龙舟不仅是一种体育和娱乐活动,它更能体现人们心中的集体主义和爱国主义精神。赛龙舟现已被列入国家级非物质文化遗产名录
(National Intangible Cultural Heritage List)。
英语四级翻译专项模拟题参考翻译: 
Dragon boat racing is an important activity of Duanwu Festival (also known as Dragon Boat Festival), and is particularly popular in the south of China. As for its origin, one version is that it is held in memory of Qu Yuan, a famous patriotic poet in ancient China. The dragon boats vary in sizes and styles, but they are generally rigged with decorative Chinese dragon heads and tails. Dragon boat racing is not only a kind of sports and recreational activities, but also reflects the spirit of people’s collectivism and patriotism. Dragon boat racing is now among the National Intangible Cultural Heritage List.

 
1.中秋习俗
在中国,月饼是一种特殊的食品,广受海内外华人的欢迎。中秋吃月饼就好比圣诞节吃馅饼(mince pies)。为了庆祝中秋节,中国人通常做两件事:一是观赏满月。二是品尝美味的月饼。中秋节是每年农历八月十五日。据说,这一天的月亮是一年中最圆的。而月亮正是庆贺中秋的全部主题。在中国人眼中,月饼象征着全家人的大团圆。
参考译文:
Moon cakes are a special kind of food in China. They are very popular with the Chinese at home and abroad. Moon cakes are to Mid-Autumn Festival what mince pies are to Christmas. To celebrate Mid-Autumn Festival, Chinese usually do two things:enjoy the full moon and eat delicious moon cakes. Mid-Autumn Festival falls on the 15thday of the 8th month of the lunar calendar. It is the time when the moon is said to be at its brightest and fullest. And the moon is what this celebration is all about. In the eyes of the Chinese people ,a moon cake symbolizes the reunion of all family members.
 
 
2.皮影戏
皮影戏又称“影子戏”。它是中国著名民间戏剧形式之一。表演时艺人通常一边演唱一边操纵用兽皮或纸板制作的人物形象。它们的影子通过灯光出现在帘布上。这营造了有人物在活动的幻象。有时表演者需要控制三到四个偶人。皮影戏在我国历史悠久,元代时还曾传到世界上很多国家,迷倒了不少国外戏迷,被人们亲切地称为“中国影灯”。
参考译文
The shadow puppet play, also known as ‘shadow play’, is one of China’s famous folk opera forms.During the performance, players usually sing while holing/manipulating human figures, which are made of animal skin and paper board. The shadows of those human figures are reflected on a curtain through the light. This creates the illusion of moving images. Sometimes the performer needs to control three or four puppets. Shadow puppet play enjoys a long history in China. It was introduced to many countries during the Yuan Dynasty and attracted many foreign audience.They call the art form Chinese shadow play.

 
3.社交饥渴
手机,是一项伟大的发明。但很显然,手机也刷新了人与人的关系。会议室门口通常贴着一条公告:请与会者关闭手机。可是,会议室里手机铃声仍然响成一片。我们都是普通人,并没有多少特别重要的事情。尽管如此,我们也不会轻易关掉手机。打开手机象征着我们与这个世界的联系。显然,手机反映出我们的“社交饥渴症”。(thirst for socialization)
参考译文
The cell phone is a great invention. But obviously, It has altered the relationship among people.There is usually a notice on the door of the meeting room, which reads, “Please turn off your hand-set.” However, phones ring now and then when the meeting goes on. We are but ordinary people and have few urgencies to tackle with.Nevertheless, we will not switch off our phones easily. Phones-on symbolizes our connecting with this world. Obviously, cell phone has been reflecting our“thirst for socialization”.
 
 
4.北京介绍
北京是座有三千年历史的古城。早在公元前十一世纪,北京就是燕国的国都,因此北京有燕京之称。在以后的几千年里,北京又成为金、元、明、清各朝的国都。北京是中国的六大古都之一,其他五个是西安、南京、洛阳、开封和杭州。北京是座既古老又年轻的城市,有许多名胜古迹。从故宫、天坛到颐和园,你们可以看到北京保留了许多昔日的风采。
参考译文
Beijing is an ancient city with a history of 3,000 years. As early as the 11th century, B.C.,it was the capital of the Kingdom of Yan; that's why Beijing is also known as Yanjing. In the few thousand years afterwards, Beijing again served as the capital for the Jin,Yuan, Ming, and Qing dynasties. Beijing is one of China's six ancient capitals; the other five are Xi’an,Nanjing, Luoyang, Kaifeng, and Hangzhou.Beijing is a city both old and young, with many places of historical interest and scenic beauty. From the Forbidden City, the Temple of Heaven, and the Summer Palace, you can see that Beijing has retained a lot of color of old Chinese life.
 


5.生活习惯
多少年来,我养成了一个习惯:每天早晨四点在黎明以前起床工作。我不出去跑步或散步,而是一下床就干活儿。因此我对黎明前的北京的了解是在屋子里感觉到的。我从前在什么报上读过一篇文章,讲黎明时分天安门广场上的清洁工人。那情景必然是非常动人的,可惜我从未能见到,只是心向往之而已。
参考译文
For many years, I have been in the habit of getting up before daybreak to start work at four.Instead of going out for a jog or walk, I’ll set about my work as soon as I’m out of bed. As a result, it is from inside my study that I've got the feel of predawn Beijing. Years ago, I hit upon a newspaper article about street cleaners in Tian’an men Square at daybreak. It must have been a very moving scene, but what a pity I haven’t seen it with my own eyes. I can only picture it in my mind longingly.
 
6.保护动物
目前,人类的生存环境正在遭到破坏,美丽的大自然已经不那么美丽了。保护野生动物,也就是保护人类自己。我强烈呼吁:不要再捕杀黑猩猩,不要再捕杀野生动物了,让我们人类多一些地球上的朋友,多给我们下一代保留一些野生动物吧! 否则,地球将毁灭在人类手中,人类将毁灭在自己手中。
参考译文
At present, man’s living environment is being ruined, and beautiful nature is no longer so beautiful. Protection of wild life is protection of man himself. So I appeal strongly to all to stop killing the chimpanzee or any other wild animal.Let us human beings have more friends on the earth, and leave more wild life for future generations. Or the earth would be destroyed by man, and man by man himself.
 
7.电脑技术
有些人担心电脑技术的广泛使用会进一步恶化就业形势。但另一种观点认为尽管这对个人来说会丢掉饭碗,对整个社会来说由于提高了生产率,因而有利于经济的发展。不管对社会影响如何,有一点是肯定的:有技术的人变得越来越吃香,没技术的人工作越来越难找。
参考译文
Some people are worrying that the wide use of computer technology will cause further unemployment. Another argument however holds that although some individuals will lose their jobs society as a whole will benefit economically through increases in productivity. Despite its effects on society one thing is certain:the technically trained will become ever more valuable while the jobs for the blue-collar population will become less available.
 
8.个人集体
不管是在一个公司,还是在一个政府里,重大的决定总是个人作出的,而不是集体。我们需要集体的讨论,因为可以交流看法和经验。但是集体讨论不能代替个人的作用。理由很清楚,如要作出一个重大的决定,集体总是不能对迅速变化的事件作出同样迅速的反应。
 
参考译文
An important decision is always made by individuals not by committees whether it involves a company or a government. We need committees because that’s where people could share their opinions and experiences. But they could not replace individuals.The reason is obvious: a committee faced with a major decision can’t always move as quickly as the events it is trying to respond to.
 
9. 人物介绍
徐霞客一生周游考察了十六个省,足迹几乎遍及全国。他在考察的过程中,从不盲目迷信书本上的结论,从不把权威看作是真理的唯一基础。他发现人研究的地理记载中有许多不很可靠的地方。为了进行真实细致的考察,他很少乘车坐船,几乎全靠双脚翻山越岭,长途跋涉;为了弄清大自然的真相,他总是挑选道路艰险的山区、人迹稀少的森林进行考察,发现了许多奇山秀景;他常常选择不同的时间和季节,多次重游各地名山,反复观察变换的奇景。他不仅善于观察,观察的精确、耐心、客观、而且对观察的结果锲而不舍地进行思考。
参考译文
During his lifetime Xu Xiake visited 16 provinces leaving his footprints nearly everywhere across the land. He never blindly accepted the conclusions given by books nor did he treat authority as the sole basis for truth. As a result he found many inaccuracies in the travel notes on geography written by his predecessors. In order to get a detailed and truthful picture of the particular places he preferred to travel on foot instead of by cart or boat despite long distances and even ventured into mountainous areas and jungles which are rarely traveled by people and full of dangers. The payoff for his effort was his discovery of many fantastic landscapes which attracted him to return in different seasons and even different hours of the day to observe their kaleidoscopic spectacles.He was not only a good observer accurate patient and objective but also applied persistent thought to the observations he made.



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