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暑假六级阅读训练2

2014-07-03    来源:网络    【      托福雅思口语高分过

Office workers who would normally step into a pub or gym to cope with the stress of a working day are being invited instead to sit in front of a painting.

Manchester Art Gallery has recruited two of the country's leading experts in stress management to choose pictures that are guaranteed to leave even the most frantic feeling at ease wich the world.They have created the "tranquility tour" which allows city-centre workers to spend their lunch hour taking a soothing tour of what are described as "some of the most relaxing and inspiring paintings ever committed to canvas”. The free tour takes the visitor through several centuries of painting, from the Victorian aesthetic movement. through the PreRaphaelite school, to modern abstract an.

Kim Gowland, a gallery executive. said: "Looking at art is a stress-relieving activity. What we are trying to do is encourage people who work in the city to spend half an hour of their lunchbreak in the gallery. to chill out rather than rush around the shops."

The five works chosen by Andrew Loukes. the gallery's manager, are: John Roddam Spencer Stanhope’s The Waters of Lethe (1880), Turner's Thomson’s Aeolian Harp (1809), Sir John Everett Millais’s Autumn Leaves (1856), James Durden’s Summer in Cumberland (1925) and Bridget Riley’s Zephyr (1976).

Mr. Loukes said:  "We chose five pictures that suggest restfulness. We also wamed to display the breadth of the collection. We arc particularly strong in early-19th and early-20th-century British art."

Their therapeutic powers have been endorsed by Olga Gregson and Terry Looker from the Department of Biological Sciences at Manchester Metropolitan University. Dr. Gregson said that "research shows that stress levels have reduced and moods changed for the better” when subjects looked at paintings.

"Although art appreciation is very much a matter of personal choice, it is true that some works of art appeal to almost everyone, and that some paintings have qualities that can induce relaxation in most people." Dr. Gregson said. "Great painters such as Leonardo da Vinci were masters of techniques that could evoke particular responses in the viewer."

Dr. Gregson said the gallery represented an "oasis of calm". "You have got this wonderful opportunity to evoke a different kind of psychophysiological response."

参考译文

办公室的职员通常在一天工作之后去小酒馆或健身房缓解一下压力,而现在专家鼓励他们去欣赏油画。

[1]曼彻斯特美术馆最近聘请了两名国内杰出的压力管理专家来挑选绘画作品,保证让最烦躁的人看到这些画也能完全放松。[2]他们还推出了一个名为“宁静之旅”的活动,让在市中心工作的人们利用午餐时间来一次舒缓的旅行,欣赏一些被称为“画在帆布上的最使人放松和最激励人心的油画”。这个免费的“旅行”带领观众穿越几个世纪的油画时空,从维多利亚时期的审美运动,到拉斐尔前派风格,到现代的抽象艺术。

美术馆主管吉姆·高兰说,“欣赏艺术是一种释放压力的活动。[3]我们努力要做的就是,鼓励那些在城市工作的人们花半个小时的午休时间到画廊来放松一下,而不是匆忙去逛商店。”

美术馆馆长安德鲁·劳克斯挑选了五幅作品,它们是:约翰·罗丹·斯宾塞·斯坦霍普的《遗忘河》(1880),特纳的《汤姆森的风弦琴》(1809),约翰·埃弗雷特·米莱爵士的《秋叶》(1856),詹姆士·德顿的《坎伯兰郡的夏日》(1925)和布里奇特·莱利的《和风》(1976)。

劳克斯先生说,“我们选择了五幅宁静的图画。我们也希望能展示更多的收藏品。我们的收藏中以19世纪初和20世纪初的英国艺术品尤为突出。”

曼彻斯特城市大学生物科学院的奥尔加·格雷森和特里·卢克也认可了这些作品的治疗功能。[4]格雷森博士说,研究显示:人们在观看油画后,压力得到了缓解,情绪也变得更好了。

“尽管艺术欣赏是一种非常个性化的选择,但有些艺术作品确实能吸引几乎每一个人。一些油画有能使大多数人得到放松的特性,”格雷森博士说。“[5]像列奥纳多·达·芬奇这样的伟大画家都是拥有高超技巧的油画太师,他们的画能使观众产生特别的反应。”

格雷森博士说,美术馆象征着“平静的绿洲”。“你会得到绝佳的机会来唤起另一种不同的心理生理反应。”

测试题

1. What is done by the Manchester Art Gallery is intended to____________.
A) find out the relation between paintings and stress-easing
B) promote its magnificent collection of British art
C) reduce working people's stress levels by art appreciation
D) provide an alternative of pastime for consumers

2. The tour is named “tranquility tour" because__________.
A) it is expected to play a soothing role
B) it displays paintings through centuries
C) it comprises paintings of various styles
D) it only takes a half hour around lunch time

3. What does Kim Gowland points out about city-center workers?
A) They are pressed by family burden as well as their careers.
B) They like going shopping during their short lunchbreak.
C) They shouldn't rush around the gallery while looking at art.
D) Looking at art is much better than going to pubs or gyms.

4. According io the author, the painting's impact on relieving stress is__________.
A) based on personal experiences      B) vaned from people to people
C) in need of further study            D) scientifically proven

5. It is indicated by Dr. Gregson that da Vinci's paintings can____________.
A) suggest restfulness               B) arouse diverse feelings
C) capture almost everyone           D) ease stress in most people



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