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暑假六级阅读训练8

2014-07-23    来源:网络    【      托福雅思口语高分过

I have worked with so many people over the years that have made me wonder how on earth they can work at their desk when everything that was in their drawers and in their filing cabinets has ended up in piles on top of their keyboard. One co-worker of mine couldn't remember what clour the top of his desk was! J had to say something. but when J did, he told me that he knew where everything was and needed all that paperwork for different projects he was working on.

Some study suggests that about 15% of our time is wasted on looking for misplaced files and paperwork at the office. People gel really defensive when you tell them that their desk is a mess. They say that they don't have time to clean up. as they are too busy. And if they would file certain items they would forger co work on it and would therefore miss the deadline.

Hence. first things first. get yourself some folders and a black marker. Take every piece of paper on your desk one by one and file them. Make sure that everything you need to do with these papers is written down on a "to-do" list or even better in your computer organiser. For example. if you have to work on  your budget next Monday, write down "work on budget" in your computer organiser so that when Monday comes, your computer will send you a reminder that you need co work on your budget today. Then file that paper in a folder named  "budget". Put that folder away-not on your desk!! But in your filing cabinet. Proceed this way with every bit of information that clutters your desk. Do not get distracted by a form that reminds you that you need to do something. Instead. jot it down on your "to-do" list or in your organiser. You won't forget it as it has been written down. File it and move on. Keep focused. Only do one thing at a time for the moment and that is to organise and clean your desk.

【参考译文】
[1]多年来,我与很多人共事过。这些人常常让我百思不解:当原来在抽屉及文件柜里的东西最终在他们的键盘上堆积成山时,他们何以还能安坐在桌旁工作?我的一位同事甚至都记不起自己的桌面是什么颜色。[2]我不得不说他几句。但我说完后,他告诉我,他知道所有东西都摆放在哪里,而且他需要所有这些书面材料来完成手头不同的项目。

一项研究显示,我们在办公室浪费了大约l5%的上班时问来寻找放错地方的文件和书面材料。当你告诉别人他们的桌子乱七八糟时,他们一定会据理力争。他们说自己太忙没时间整理。[3]如果把某些东西存档的话,就会忘了处理,从而误了期限。

那么,先从最重要的事情开始,给自己准备一些文件夹和一支黑色的记号笔。将桌上的纸张逐一收好,进行归档。[4]一定要将这些书面材料需要处理的一切事宜都记录在“任务”单上,或者最好记录在计算机整理器中。比如,你下星期一得做预算报告,在计算机整理中写下“做预算报告”,这样到了星期一,计算机就会提醒你,今天该做预算报告了。[4]接下来将这张纸归档到名为“预算”的文件夹里,将文件夹移走——不要放在桌上!!放到文件柜里。用这种方法继续处理你桌上堆得满满的所有信息。不要因为某张表格让你想起还有事情要做而心烦意乱。将要做的事情简单记录在“任务”单上或计算机整理器中。因为已经记录下要做的事情,你不必担心会忘记。将它归档后再继续。[5]集中注意力,现在只做一件事,寻孓是收拾、整理你的桌子。

【测试题】
1. By mentioning his co-worker couldn’t remember the color of the desk top, the author implies that_____________.
A) the color of the desk top was too trivial to remember
B) people were always kept too busy with office work
C) people always misplaced their stationery
D) disorganized office was hard to tolerate

2. What did the author most probably say to his co-worker'?
A) The author told him to put away the unnecessary paperwork.
B) The author asked him for the paperwork he was working on.
C) The author advised him to remember where everything was.
D) The author suggested he deal with the projects one by one.

3. Some people regarded the files left on the desk top as _________.
A) functionally a computer      B) side products of a project
C) reminders of the work to do   D) evidence for their busy work

4. A“budget" folder is used for__________.
A) keeping the "to-do"list
B) recording what has been done
C} registering the company's budget
D) filing the papers useful for future tasks

5. According to the author, the most important thing right now is to ________.
A) sort out the priority of the office work
B) clean the desk by filing the paperwork
C) be concentrated on what is being done
D) stop piling everything on the desk top



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