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暑假六级阅读训练13

2014-07-30    来源:网络    【      托福雅思口语高分过

It is hardly necessary for me to cite all the evidence of the depressing state of literacy. These figures from the Department of Education are sufficient: 27 million Americans cannot read at all. and a further 35 million read al a level that is less than sufficient to survive in our society.

But my own worry today is fess that of the overwhelming problem of elemental literacy than it is of the slightly more luxurious problem of the decline in the skill even of the middle-class reader, of his unwillingness to afford those spaces of silence. those luxuries of domesticity and time and concentration, that surround the image of the classic act of reading. n has been suggested that almost 80 percent of America's literate, educated teenagers can no longer read without an accompanying noise (music) in the background or a television screen flickering (闪烁) at the corner of their field of perception. We know very little about the brain and how it deals with simultaneous conflicting input, but every common-sense intuition suggests we should be profoundly alarmed. This violation of concentration} silence, solitude (独处的状态) goes to the very heart of our notion of literacy; this new form of part-reading, of part-perception against background distraction renders impossible certain essential acts of apprehension and concentration, let alone that most important tribute any human being can pay to a poem or a piece of prose he or she really loves, which is to learn it by heart. Not by brain. by heart; the expression is vital.

Under these circumstances. the question of what future there is for the arts of reading is a real one. Ahead of us lie technical. psychic(心理的). and social transformations probably much more dramatic than those brought about by Gutenberg, the German inventor in printing. The Gutenberg revolution. as we now know it, took a long time; its effects are still being debated. The information revolution will touch every fact of composition. publication. distribution. and reading. No one in the book industry can say with any confidence what will
happen to the book as we've known it.

【参考译文】
[1]我几乎用不着列举所有那些例子来说明令人沮丧的读写状况。单是教育部的这些数字就足够了:2700万美国人目不识丁,还有3500万人的阅读水平低得不足以让他们在社会上立足。

[2]但是我现在担忧的不是基本读写能力存在的严重问题,而是层次稍高一点的问题,即甚至在中产阶级读者中都存在的阅读技能的滑坡问题,他们不愿意为阅读营造安静的空间,难以深居简出腾出时间并专心致志地阅读,而这些都是传统阅读方式中常见的景象。[3]据说,对大约80%受过教育、有阅读能力的美国青少年而言,如果身边没有噪音(音乐)伴随,或学习场所的某个角落没有电视屏幕闪烁,他们就不能继续阅读。我们对大脑及其如何处理同时输入的、相互冲突的信息了解甚少,但我们所有的常识和直觉都表明,我们应该警醒了。这种破坏了阅读中所需要的专心致志、安静环境、独处的做法正是我们所指的读写能力的症结所在。[3]/[4]这种在背景干扰中半阅读、半理解的做法使集中注意力和理解这些最基本的行为都不可能完成,更不指望会有什么人对他或她真正喜欢的诗歌或散文还能奉上最崇高的敬意即熟诵于心了。不是用大脑记忆,而是用心记;这句话说到了点子上。

[5]在这样的状况下,阅读艺术的前景如何确实成了问题。我们面临的技术上的、精神上的及社会的改革,可能比古腾堡(德国活版印刷发明人)带来的变革要深刻得多。我们现在熟悉的古腾堡变革经历了很长时间,其影响仍在争议中。信息革命会触及写作、出版、发行及阅读的每一环节。[5]出版业无人能有把握地预言我们熟悉的书籍其前景将会如何。

【测试题】
1. The picture of the reading ability of the American people, drawn by the author, is__________.
A) rather bleak                  B) fairly bright
C) very impressive               D) quite encouraging

2. The author's biggest concern is____________________.
A) elementary school children’s disinterest in reading classics
B) the surprisingly low rate of literacy in the U.S.
C) the musical setting American readers require for reading
D) the reading ability and reading behavior of the middle class

3. A major problem with most adolescents who can read is________________.
A) their fondness of music and TV programs
B) their ignorance of various forms of art and literature
C) their lack of attentiveness and basic understanding
D) their inability to focus on conflicting input

4. The author claims that the best way a reader can show admiration for a piece of poetry or prose is ___________________.
A) to be able to appreciate it and memorize it
B) to analyze its essential features
C) to think it over conscientiously
D) to make a fair appraisal of its artistic value

5. About the future of the arts of reading the author feels___________.
A) upset       B) uncertain      C) alarmed    D) pessimistic
 



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