用户名: 密码: 验证码:    注册 | 忘记密码?
首页|听力资源|每日听力|网络电台|在线词典|听力论坛|下载频道|部落家园|在线背单词|双语阅读|在线听写|普特网校
您的位置:主页 > 英语考试 > CET-6 > 六级阅读 >

暑假六级阅读训练15

2014-08-01    来源:未知    【      托福雅思口语高分过

About the time that schools and others quite reasonably became interested in seeing to it that all children, whatever their background, were fairly treated.intelligence testing became unpopular.

Some thought it was unfair to minority children. Through the past few decades such testing has gone out of fashion and many communities have indeed forbidden it.

However. paradoxically. just recently a group of black parents filed lawsuit(诉讼)in California claiming that the state's ban on IQ testing discriminates against their children by denying them the opportunity to take the test (They believed correctly, that IQ tests are a valid method of evaluating children for special education classes.) The judge, therefore. reversed, at least partially. his original decision.

And so the argument goes on and on. Does it benefit or harm children from minority groups to have their intelligence tested? We have always been on the side of permitting. even facilitating, such testing. If a child of any color or group is doing poorly in school it seems to us very important to know whether it is because he or she is of low intelligence. or whether some other factor is the cause.

What school and family can do to improve poor performance is influenced by its cause. It is not discriminative to evaluate either a child's physical condition or his intellectual level.

Unfortunately, intellectual level seems to be a sensitive subject, and what the law allows us to do varies from time to time. The same fluctuation back and forth occurs in areas other than intelligence. Thirty years or so ago. for instance, white families were encouraged co adopt black children. It was considered discriminative not to do so.

And then the style changed and this cross-racial adopting became generally unpopular, and social agencies felt that black children should go to black families only. It is hard to say what are the best procedures. But surely good will on the part of all of us is needed.

As to intelligence. in our opinion, the more we know about any child's intellectual level, the better for the child in question.
 


【参考译文】
无论是什么背景的孩子,都应当保证受到公平的对待,当学校和其他机构对此都相当关心的时候,智力测试变得不流行了。

[l]有人认为智力测试对于少数民族孩子是不公平的。在过去的几十年里这种测试已经不再时髦,在很多社区实际上已经被禁止。

然而,反常的是,在加利福尼亚,[2]最近就有一群黑人父母提起诉讼,认为州政府禁止智商测试使他们的孩子得不到这种测试的机会,是对他们孩子的歧视。(他们正确地认为,智商测试是判断孩子是否适合特殊教育的一种有效方法。)因此法官至少是部分撤消了原判。

这种争论就这样不断地继续下去。对少数民族的孩子来说,智力测试对他们有益还是有害?我们一直都对这种测试持支持的态度,甚至推动其实施。[3]任何一种肤色或种族的孩子如果在学校表现不佳,对于我们来说,知道这是因为他或她的智力低下,还是别的什么原因是很重要的。

[3]为了改变孩子表现不佳,学校和家庭所能做的事情会受到这种的原因的影响。评价孩子的身体条件或智力水平不是歧视。

令人遗憾的是,[5]智力水平似乎是一个敏感的话题,而法律允许我们做的事情也会随时间的变化而变化。同样的反复也会出现在智力以外的其他领域。比如,大约在30年以前,白人家庭得到鼓励收养黑人儿童。否则就被认为是有种族歧视之嫌。

后来这种时尚改变了,这种跨种族的收养一般不再流行,社会机构认为,黑人孩子只应回到黑人家庭。[4]很难说什么方式是最好的,但是肯定需要我们所有人都表现出善意。

就智力而言,我们的观点是,我们对任一个孩子的智力水平了解得越多,对这个孩子就越有利。

【测试题】
1. Why did the intelligence test become unpopular in the past few decades?
A) Its validity was challenged by many communities.
B) It was considered discriminative against minority children.
C) It met with strong opposition from the majority of black parents.
D) It deprived the black children of their rights to a good education.

2. The recent legal action taken by some black parents in California aimed to
A) draw public attention to IQ testing
B) put an end to special education
C) remove the state's ban on intelligence tests
D) have their children enter white schools

3. The author believes that intelligence testing_____________.
A) may ease racial confrontation in the United States
B) can encourage black children to keep up with white children
C) may seriously aggravate racial discrimination in the United States
D) can help black parents make decisions about their children’s education

4. The author's opinion of child adoption seems to be that________________.
A) no rules whatsoever can be prescribed
B) white families should adopt black children
C) adoption should be based on IQ test results
D) cross-racial adoption is to be advocated

5. Child adoption is mentioned in the passage to show that_________________.
A) good will may sometimes complicate racial problems
B)social surroundings are vital to the healthy growth of children
C) intelligence testing also applies to non-academic areas
D) American opinion can shift when it comes to sensitive issues



顶一下
(2)
66.7%
踩一下
(1)
33.3%
了不起的盖茨比
跟着纪录片学英语
有声读物:公主日记
初学者最好资料
手机上普特 m.putclub.com 手机上普特
[责任编辑:Tina]
------分隔线----------------------------
发表评论 查看所有评论
请自觉遵守互联网政策法规,严禁发布色情、暴力、反动的言论。
评价:
表情:
用户名: 密码: 验证码:
  • 推荐文章
  • 资料下载
  • 讲座录音
普特英语手机网站
用手机浏览器输入m.putclub.com进入普特手机网站学习
查看更多手机学习APP>>