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英语阅读与词汇量大小究竟有多深关系?

2015-09-06    来源:英语口语老师冠平    【      托福雅思口语高分过

英语阅读与词汇量大小究竟有多深关系?

不管什么专业的文章,英语阅读都不需要那么大词汇量的,有阅读力就行!林彪说过,粟裕打仗有五成把握他就敢干!同样,一篇英语阅读,雅思也好,四六级也好,你的词汇量有其中的七八成,就可以靠阅读力解决剩下的生词!没有人靠100%的词汇量阅读。

先读一读下面短文,你有多少生词不懂?

Doe for dinner: There can be only one winner as python takes down steenbok in marathon meal that lasted 24 HOURS

By Flora Drury For Mailonline

Matto Barfuss spotted the python struggling with the steenbok on the shores of Botswana's Kwando river

The snake first crushed its prey to death, before it began the slow and arduous process of swallowing its dinner

It took more than 24 hours for python to swallow last remaining morsel of the doomed steenbok

A python swallowing a doe-eyed steenbok whole is not a sight which would thrill the average person enjoying a safari in the grasslands of Botswana, but for Matto Barfuss it was 'a dream'.


如果生词单列,下面这些词汇你可能一个都不懂!但不意味着它们出现在文章时会构成阅读障碍。

doe,python ,steenbok,crush ,prey ,arduous,process,morsel,doomed,doe-eyeed,safari,reptile,commotion

单看词汇表,你认得几个?

【阅读力】阅读:
Doe for dinner: There can be only one winner as python takes down steenbok in marathon meal that lasted 24 HOURS

【阅读力】 doe你可能不懂,也不需要懂。懂for dinner就行了:既然可以for dinner的东西,肯定是food食物之类。借助下文可知,doe指被吃掉的steenbok.

【阅读力】python, steenbok你可能不懂,也不需要懂。看到下文出现的snake, repptile就知道了,python是snake.而sttenbok在读到creature就知道是什么了。是种creature.

【阅读力】marathon你可能不懂,也不需要懂。last 24 hours告诉你,ladt 24 hours就是marathon.

By Flora Drury For Mailonline

Matto Barfuss spotted the python struggling with the steenbok on the shores of Botswana's Kwando river

【阅读力】python不懂,spotted懂吧?spotted了一种东西,不是人就是物,所以python is something or someone.联系上下文,python is a snake.

The snake first crushed its prey to death, before it began the slow and arduous process of swallowing its dinner

【阅读力】
snake告诉你,前面后面出现的python, reptile就是snake.

【阅读力】crush不懂没关系,do sth. to death告诉你,crush有“致。。。死亡”义。

【阅读力】文章只有两个“主人”,不是python就是steenbok,这里不说steenbok,说prey,它还是steenbok不是?

It took more than 24 hours for python to swallow last remaining morsel of the doomed steenbok

【阅读力】morsel你不懂,swallow last remaining总改懂,什么remaining?body也不是?

【阅读力】doomed? 整句话语境告诉我们,doomed有dead的意思。

A python swallowing a doe-eyed steenbok whole is not a sight which would thrill the average person enjoying a safari in the grasslands of Botswana, but for Matto Barfuss it was 'a dream'.

【阅读力】safari你不懂,也不需要懂。在草原上看到的这一幕/a sight,你能enjoy什么?a play, a performance不是?所以safari=a play, performance,fighting, battle

剩下最后一个问题:
用阅读力阅读是解决生词问题的办法了,但我最后还是没扩大这些词汇量怎么办?
记住这些词汇很重要吗?可以说除了阅读时碰到之外,你平时的写作、口语、听力,甚至是雅思考完后在国外读书,你一辈子可能都不会再碰到这些单词(除非你在国外是学生物专业的),既然如此,还话费如此心机背它们有必要吗?阅读力摆在那就够了,阅读时再出现,阅读力对付它们。



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