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如何阅读:技巧性英语学习 带来全新思路

2016-01-29    来源:北外网院    【      托福雅思口语高分过

技巧性英语学习 带来全新思路

阅读是英语学习当中非常重要的一部分,从多年考试一路斩杀过来的我们或许对如何做阅读题了然于心,但你是否知道真正能帮助我们提高英语水平的阅读方式是“母语阅读”。望文生义就是如何用母语思维进行知识获取。
 
首先,想想你是怎样阅读不同文体的。你怎样看报纸?怎样看小说?怎样浏览Quora和facebook?
 
花点时间思考这些问题,将视野从盯住每个单词扩展到理解以组为单位的“语群”会给你的英语阅读带来全新思路。
 
语言学习通用的四种阅读技巧
 
Skimming 略读
 
used to understand the "gist" or main idea
用于了解文章大意
 
Scanning 寻读
 
used to find a particular piece of information
用于查找特定的信息
 
Extensive reading 泛读
 
used for pleasure and general understanding
用于欣赏和整体理解
 
Intensive reading 精读
 
accurate reading for detailed understanding
用于深入理解和获取细节
 

 
Skimming
略读
 
Skimming is used to quickly gather the most important information, or 'gist'. Run your eyes over the text, noting important information. Use skimming to quickly get up to speed on a current business situation. It's not essential to understand each word when skimming.
略读是快速收集重要信息的一种阅读技巧。快速浏览文章,记住要点。略读能够提高你适应当前商业形势的速度。理解每个单词是没有必要的。
 
Examples
栗子
 
The Newspaper (quickly to get the general news of the day)
看报纸,略读能够帮助你迅速获取大意。
 
Magazines (quickly to discover which articles you would like to read in more detail)
看杂志,略读能够让你快速找到自己想要深入阅读的文章。
 
Business and Travel Brochures (quickly to get informed)
看商旅小册子,略读能够帮助你快速获取资讯
 
Scanning
寻读
 
Scanning is used to find a particular piece of information. Run your eyes over the text looking for the specific piece of information you need. Use scanning on schedules, meeting plans, etc. in order to find the specific details you require. If you see words or phrases that you don't understand, don't worry when scanning.
寻读是寻找特定的信息的一种阅读技巧。大致浏览一遍文章,寻找你所需要的信息。看行程表,约会计划等等,使用寻读能够让你得知所需的具体信息。在寻读过程中,不必担心遇到不理解的单词或短语,继续读就好了。
 
Examples
栗子
 
The "What's on TV" section of your newspaper.
报纸上的“今日电视”栏目
 
A train / airplane schedule
火车/飞机航班表
 
A conference guide
会议指南
 
Extensive reading
泛读
 
Extensive reading is used to obtain a general understanding of a subject and includes reading longer texts for pleasure, as well as business books. Use extensive reading skills to improve your general knowledge of business procedures. Do not worry if you understand each word.
泛读是整体理解文章主题的一种阅读技巧,主要运用于阅读长篇美文,或者是商业书籍。泛读能够增强你对业务流程的常识的理解。同时你也不用担心看不懂每个单词。
 
Examples
栗子
 
The latest marketing strategy book
近期的行销策略书籍
 
A novel you read before going to bed
床头灯小说
 
Magazine articles that interest you
感兴趣的杂志文章
 
Intensive reading
精读
 
Intensive reading is used on shorter texts in order to extract specific information. It includes very close accurate reading for detail. Use intensive reading skills to grasp the details of a specific situation. In this case, it is important that you understand each word, number or fact.
精读是在较短文本中用于获取具体信息的一种阅读技巧。精读在于“短小精悍”从而获取更多的信息。精读能够帮助你掌握特定情境的细节。在这种情况下,就需要你理解每个单词,数据和事实了。
 
Examples
栗子
 
A bookkeeping report
账务报告
 
An insurance claim
保险索赔
 
A contract
合约


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