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考试前夜如何复习

2016-12-12    来源:沪江    【      托福雅思口语高分过

考试前夜该怎么复习呢?一起和小编来普特英语看看吧!

Some people would call it "cramming" if you study the night before a test. I do not. If you study the night before a test, you still have hours, not minutes to prepare. Hours! The things you can learn (if short-term) in hours! So, do not feel completely frightened if you've procrastinated until the night before a test to study, although your time management skills do leave something to be desired.
一些人把考试前夜复习称为“填鸭式用功”。如果你是在考试前一晚备考,那么你仍然有几个小时,而不是几分钟的的时间来准备。几个小时啊!你可以学习(短期内)几个小时!所以,如果你耽搁到考试前夜才复习,也不要过于害怕,你的时间管理能力会帮助你得到想要的。


Although you aren't going to be committing much to long-term memory, you can still learn something to pass the test, even if you're just studying the night before.
虽然你不能进行长时间内的记忆,但你仍可以为通过考试学点什么,即使是在考试的前夜。

How to Study the Night Before a Test
考试前夜怎样学习

1.Eat Some Brain Food.
吃一些健脑食物

And brain food is definitely not Cocoa Puffs. Scramble up some eggs for dinner, drink some green tea with acai, and follow it all with a few bites of dark chocolate.Boost your brain's workability by giving it what it needs to function properly. Plus, by eating something before you begin studying, you'll be less tempted to get hungry (and distracted) and quit studying early.
健脑食物当然不是可可泡芙之类的食物。晚餐可以吃一些鸡蛋,喝绿茶,配上巴西莓,然后再吃点黑巧克力。通过给予大脑充分运作所需要的能量,可以提高其使用性。而且,学习之前吃点东西,你就不容易饿(以及分心),和早早就结束学习。

2.Prepare For Your Physical Needs.
解决好生理需求

Go to the bathroom. Get a beverage. Dress comfortably, but not too cozily (you don't want to end up falling asleep.) Get all the ants out of your pantsby running down the street and back. I'm serious. Prepare your body as much as you can for the sit-down study session ahead of you, so you have no excuses to get up and go somewhere.
上个洗手间。喝杯饮料。衣服选择舒适的,但不要过于舒适(你是不会想以睡着收尾的)。去街上来回跑跑,把裤子上的蚂蚁都拍掉。我是认真的。你要是自己的身体做好准备,从而能够坐下来学习,那样你就没有起身到处乱跑的借口了。

3.Organize Your Study Materials.
组织好学习材料

Get all the materials that relate to the test you're taking – notes, handouts, quizzes, book, projects – and lay them neatly out on your desk, floor, or bed, so you can see what you have to work with.
准备好所有与考试相关的资料——笔记、讲义、练习册、书籍、课题,将它们整齐地放在书桌、地板或床上,你就可以看到要完成的所有内容了。

4.Set a timer for 45 minutes.
设置好45分钟的时间

You're going to study in 45-minute increments followed by 5-minute breaks. If you try to study indefinitely for hours and hours, your brain will overload and you'll have to work to regain your focus on studying. It's better to have smaller goals with mini-rewards (the breaks) so you can last as long as is necessary to learn the material.
你要准备学习45分钟,然后休息5分钟。如果你漫无目的地一学就是几个小时,你的大脑会负荷过多,就得重新集中精力学习了。设置一些小目标,并配合一些小小的奖励(休息),你就可以在必要的时间里进行学习。

So, set a timer for 45 minutes and get going.
所以,设置好45分钟的时间,然后开始吧。

5.Follow your study guide.
遵循学习指南的要求

If your teacher gave you study guide, then start learning as much as possible on it. Refer to your notes, handouts, quizzes, book, etc. when you're unfamiliar with an item on the guide. Memorize everything on it, using mnemonic devices like acronyms or a song.
如果你的老师给了你学习指南,就可以开始尽可能多学习了,还有你的笔记、讲义、练习册、书籍等等。如果你对指南的内容不熟悉,就把它的内容全部记下来,可以使用首字母或歌曲式的记忆技巧。

If you didn't get a study guide...
如果你没有考试指南

...then refer to your notes, handouts, quizzes, and book to look for things that may be on the test. Teachers create exams from material already presented to you in class, so your lecture notes are invaluable. Memorize the notes with the mnemonic devices. Didn't take too many notes? Look at the last two pages of each chapter covered on the test, and ask yourself the review questions. Look at the first two pages of each chapter, and learn the basic information about each subtitle. Memorize quiz questions, and items handed to you in class.
那就参考笔记、讲义和书籍,来找找考试可能会出现的内容。老师们会根据平时在课堂上向你讲授的内容来出题。用一些记忆技巧来熟记笔记。如果笔记记得不多怎么办?看看每个考试章节的最后两页,然后用一些复习题来考考自己。看看每一张的前面两页,学一学有关每个标题的基本信息。记忆课堂上学到的的测验题目和考试项目。

How to study for any test
怎样备考

1.Ask a Study Partner To Quiz You.
让你的学习搭档来考考你

Go get your mom/best friend/brother/anyone and have him or her quiz you on the material. Have them fire questions at you and answer quickly, making a list of anything you get stuck on or can't remember. Once you've been quizzed, take your list and study that material over until you've got it.
找到你的妈妈/最好的朋友/兄弟/任何人,让他或她来考考你材料上的内容。问你几个问题,并迅速答出,将你卡住或记不住的地方列出一个清单。一旦参加考试,就把清单拿出来学习,知道掌握为止。

2.Make a Quick Review Sheet.
制作一个快速复习表

Write down all your mnemonic devices, important dates, and quick facts on one sheet of paper, so you can refer to it tomorrow morning before the big test.
将你所有的记忆技巧、重要日期和简要知识写在一张纸上,你就可以在第二天早上临考前看看。

3.Go To Sleep!
去睡觉!

Nothing will make you do worse on a test than pulling an all-nighter. Trust me on this. You may be tempted to stay up all night and cram in as much as is possible, but by all means, get some sleep the night before. When it comes to testing time, you won't be able to recall all the info you learned because your brain will be functioning in survival mode.
除了熬夜,没有什么能让你弄砸一门考试了。相信我说的话吧。你可能会被诱惑着整晚熬夜,狼吞虎咽。但考试前夜一定要休息一下。否则在考试的时候,你就会记不起来学习的内容,因为你的大脑以及不能思考了。

4.The Day of the Test, Sneak Peeks at Your Review Sheet.
考试当天,快速浏览一下复习表

When you're going to your locker, when you're waiting for the teacher to start talking, on your way to lunch, etc, glance and review that sheet you put together of the most important information for the test. But, PUT THE REVIEW SHEET AWAY before the test. You don't want to risk getting a zero for cheating after all the time you put into studying!
当你去锁柜,等老师开讲,或者去吃饭的路上等等,你都可以看一看考试重要信息汇总表。但是,复习表一定要在考试前看。在投入了所有的时间学习之后,你应该不会情愿因为作弊被判处零分吧。



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