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阅读理解长难句解析(一)

2014-05-15    来源:网络    【      托福雅思口语高分过

考研英语长难句复习的要点就是分析句子,理解句子的意思,考生在备考英语长难句时出现了很多疑问,本文给大家整理出这些问题,希望考生认真学习,从中总结长难句分析的方法:

1. A technological advancement is gauged by the power it gives or the energy it consumes and the cost that is involved.

解析:本句的难点在于后置定语,it gives,it consumes,that is involved,把这些后置定语直接作为形容词短语放在前面就行,同时注意短语is gauged by:以...为标准。那么我们来切分意群:A technological advancement /is gauged by /the power it gives /or the energy it consumes /and the cost that is involved.逐个意群翻译,最后组合为通顺的汉语。

整句翻译为:技术改进的标准在于它所给予(或付出)的能量,它所消耗的能源以及它涉及的价值。(或投入的成本)

2、He adds humbly that perhaps he was “superior to the common run of men in noticing things which easily escape attention, and in observing them carefully.

解析:本句主要考察宾语从句,定语从句,比较及并列结构。首先我们先切分意群,He adds humbly /that perhaps /he was “superior to the common run of men/ in noticing things/ which easily escape attention, and /in observing them carefully.

注意以下词汇:humbly,卑谦地,谦逊地。Superior to高于…,然后逐个意群翻译,组合成较为通顺的汉语:他谦虚的补充到:或许自己在注意到容易被人忽略的事情,并对其进行仔细观察方面优于他人。

3、These peculiar elements in the make-up of man provide a long history and tradition of wisdom accumulated in various forms of civilization from which culture grows and continue flowing.

解析:本句是定语从句:主语:These peculiar elements; 谓语:provide。有两个后置定语:in the make-up of man; accumulated in various forms of; 定语从句是from which 后面。切分意群:These peculiar elements /in the make-up of man /provide/ a long history/ and tradition of wisdom /accumulated in various forms of civilization/ from which culture grows and continue flowing.

意译为:这些组成人类的独特元素历史悠久,使人类拥有形式多样的文明传统的智慧,这种人类文化源远流长。

总的来说,考生在基础阶段长难句的准备是首先把词汇基础搞好,再次要熟悉常见的十种语法,然后切分意群,最后把意群的意思组合成通顺的汉语,基本的翻译的流程就是这样,希望各位考生首先把基础提高,然后根据此方法进行练习。



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