近年考研历年真题中常考单词归纳(中)

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2014-11-13 13:15

近年考研历年真题中常考单词归纳(中)

2008年
46) believe相信,assert断言, claim声称, argue争论,assume假设, maintain主张, contend斗争、坚持说,point out指出, be convinced that确信, accept接受、承认, prove证明,demonstrate展示、游行、证明, validate证明, state状态、州、说明、陈述, scribe描述,tell说明, show说明、展示, consider考虑,opine表达观点, difficulty困难, difficult困难的, compensate补偿,compensate for补偿, advantage优点, advantageous有优势的, advance进步发展, force力量、被迫,strength力量, power力量, thus因此,therefore因此, hence因此, enable使能够,detect探察发现, detector侦测器, detective侦探,error错误, mistake失误, false错误,flaw缺点瑕疵, shortcoming缺点, reason推理、原因, reasoned理性的,reasoning推理, reasonable合理的, observe观察,observation观察, observer观察者;
47) follow跟随, pure纯, purely纯, abstract抽象的,attract吸引, concrete具体的, limit限制有限的,confine限制, certain确认;
48) as well也,as well as和一样, found建立, charge指控,change改变, critics批评家, criticize批评,critical关键的重要的, criticism批评, while当然而;
49) add加, addition增加, in addition此外, additional另加的, tradition传统,traditional传统的, humble谦虚的, humbly谦虚地,perhaps也许, possible可能, possibly可能,probable可能, probably可能地, superior比高级、有优势,superior to比高级, super超级, inferior不如,inferior to不如, common普通, ordinary普通,banal普通的、陈腐的, notice注意、说明, attention注意, escape逃跑, carefully当心,careful小心的, care关心,take care of照顾;
50) loss失去, lose丢失 (lost), at a loss迷茫、不知所措, take a loss亏损, injurious对有伤害, injure受伤,injury受伤, intellect智力, intellectual智力、知识分子,intelligence智力, wisdom智慧, moral道德,virtue美德, virtually实际上、事实上, virtual虚拟的,character文字、角色、性格, characterize有特点, characteristic特色;
2007年
46) legal法律的合法的, law法律, preserve保存, conserve保留保护,institution机构, constitution宪法, view观点景色, view…as把看作为,regard…as把看作为, take…as把看作为, see…as把看作为,special特别, specialize专业, specific具体的,especial尤其的, especially尤其是; peculiar奇怪的、特有的、独特的, peculiar to特有的, particular特殊的,particularly特别是, rather than而不是, necessary必须的, essential必不可少的,essence精华, critical关键的、重要的, significant重要的, significance重要性,equipment装备, equip装有, facility设施;
47) link连接网, connect联系, connection联系, on the other另外,on the other hand另一方面, concept概念, notion观念、概念,real真实, reality现实, in a way以这种方式,in a manner以这种方法, in a form以这种形式, parallel平行, parallel to与相平行、与类似, journal杂志, journalist记者, base基础,basic基础的, basis基础, comment评论,comment on评论, cover报道覆盖评论;
48) idea观点、理论、想法,profound深刻的, profoundly深刻地, far-reaching影响深远的、意义重大的、深刻的, citizen市民, rest on/upon依靠取决于, rely on依靠取决于, depend on/upon依靠取决于, responsible负责的,responsibility责任, be held responsible for对负责, response反响、响应, media媒介, news media新闻媒体,news agency新闻办, establish建立, established已经建立的,establishment机构建立, convention传统;
49) grasp抓掌握, have a grasp of掌握, command命令, have a good command of掌握, feature特点,competent竞争, competition竞争, competitive有竞争力的,compete竞争,
50) reaction反映,react反映, action行动, in action在起作用,interaction互相作用, enhance提高, promotion提高,promote促进, preferable愿意的可取的, prefer宁愿,infer推理提示, confer商量, favor喜欢,flavor风味, favorite喜欢的, judge评判法官,judgment评判, make judgments of对做出评判;
2006年
46) define定义, definition下定义, define…as…把定义为, select选择, elect挑选,individual个人的、个人, active活力, activity活动,primary主要的, duty责任, thinking思考思维,thought思想思维;
47) analogous类似,analogous to与类似, analyze分析, analysis分析,function作用, obligation责任, be obliged to do sth被迫做某事、有责任做某事, be obliged to sb感谢某人, obligate被迫,be obligated to do sth 被迫做某事, clear清楚明白, course课程, cause原因、导致,lead to导致, reveal揭露, decision决心,decisive果断的、具有决定意义的, decide决定;
48) exclude排除,exclusive排它的、独家的, include包含, conclude得出结论, conclusion结论,contribute贡献, contribution贡献, contribute to对做贡献, make contribution to做出贡献, distribute分发、分散, distribution分散, accomplishment完成, accomplish完成, complete完全,solution解决, solve解决, resolve解决,be charged with承担, approach接近方法, aspect方面, inspect研究洞察,expect期待, respect尊重方面, task任务;
49) code密码, rule规则, dedicate贡献, dedicate to把献给,govern管理, government政府, energy能力能量,conduct指挥, conduction指挥, production产品,produce生产, explore探索, exploration探索;more than比多, less than比少, no more than不多于,no less than不少于, more than +数字多, more than +名词/动词不仅仅不只是, more than +形容词/副词非常,no more than=not any more than不…也不;
50) independent独立,independence独立, interdependence互相依靠, reflect影响, reflection影响,make reflection on影响, earn挣, involve包含包括, salary薪水;
2005年
46) television电视,means工具, feeling感觉, convey传递表达,connect联系连接, nation国家, create创造,invent发明, event事件, recent最近;
47) multi-media大众媒体,increase增加, increasingly逐渐的, bring带来, publish出版,in relation to与有关, relation关系, relate亲戚, related to与有关,concern关心, concerning相关的;
48) alone独自, only仅仅、唯一, survive生存, underline强调、突出、下划线,undergo经历, undertake从事、承担, undermine暗中破坏,state状态、州、陈述, statistics调查、统计数据, loss失去, take a loss亏损,at a loss迷茫、不知所措,
49) identify辨别,identity身份, respect尊重方面, expect期待,aspect方面, represent代表, present出席、现在、礼物,presentation展示, fabricate编造、捏造、编织, fabric网络、纤维,continent大陆, task任务, demand命令,choose选择, choice选择, strategic战略,policy政策;
50) deal with处理,deal处理, challenge挑战, scale规模,on…scale在一定规模上, exaggeration夸张夸大, it is no exaggeration to say不夸张的说…, unite联合, unity集体、单位,divide分;
2004年
61) structure建造,instruction建立, instrument器械、器具, construction建筑,process步骤、过程, procedure步骤, schedule日程表, real真是,reality真实的, realize意识到, diversity多样性,diverse各样, philosophy哲学, philosopher哲学家;
62) grateful感谢,gratitude感谢, different from与不同, vanish消失, abolish取消、撤销、废除,assimilate同化, similar相似, native本国,local地方;
63) describe描述,description描述, strike罢工, striking打击、罢工,remark评论、标记, remarkable著名的, accuse起诉, accuse…of…指责,data数据, date日期;
64) interested in对感兴趣,relationship关系, relative亲戚、相关, relatively相关的,determine决心, habit习惯, habitual习惯的,though虽然;
65) come to逐渐得出,believe in相信, a sort of其中一种, linguistics语言学,physics物理, psychology心理学, aesthetics美学,art艺术, fine art美术, archaeology考古学,anthropology人类学, economy经济, psychiatry精神病学,law法律, media媒体, cross-culture跨文化,mathematics数学, math数学, physician医生,chemistry化学, humanity人文科学, form形式,formula工程式, formulate阐明, grammar语法,pattern模式, produce生产, consequence结果,consequently所以;