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阅读理解中固定解题思维导致三大错误

2014-11-18    来源:新东方    【      托福雅思口语高分过

阅读理解中固定解题思维导致三大错误

(1)错误一:很多同学总是认为阅读问题中的名词一定在文章中固定出现。其实,现在的考研问题问法越来越灵活,不是一定指出第一段就在第一段或者问题出现的名词一定文章中一样会出现。
示例:
The relationship between formal education and economic growth in poor countries is widely misunderstood by economists and politicians alike progress in both area is undoubtedly necessary for the social, political and intellectual development of these and all other societies; however, the conventional view that education should be one of the very highest priorities for promoting rapid economic development in poor
countries is wrong. We are fortunate that is it, because new educational systems there and putting enough people through them to improve economic performance would require two or three generations. The findings of a research institution have consistently shown that workers in all countries can be trained on the job to achieve radical higher productivity and, as a result, radically higher standards of living.
The author holds in Paragraph 1 that the important of education in poor countries ______.
A. is subject to groundless doubts
B. has fallen victim of bias
C. is conventionally downgraded
D. has been downestimated
很多学生一看到问题中“paragraph 1”和“education in poor countries”就要回原位去定位。结果是很明显的,在文章第一段中根本找不到。

(2)错误二:文章主旨题只能是通过精读文章然后分析前后段落的逻辑关系总结出和选项吻合的答案。
示例:
The text intends to tell us that
[A] the change of human height follows a cyclic pattern.
[B] human height is becoming even more predictable.
[C] Americans have reached their genetic growth limit.
[D] the genetic pattern of Americans has altered.

(3)错误三:当遇到“infer”题型时,答案不能从文章中直接得出,需要理解文章意思然后揣测作者的意图来做题。
示例:
We may infer from the second paragraph that______.
A. DNA technology has been widely applied to history research
B. In its early days the US was confronted with delicate situations
C. Historians deliberately made up some stories of Jefferson’s life
D. Political compromises are easily found throughout the US history



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