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考研英语二作文:名师手把手教你写作文

2014-12-31    来源:新东方    【      托福雅思口语高分过

2015年写作题型依然延续了一贯的考查方式:应用文+图表作文,非常符合英语二专硕的考查要求。但是具体来说,今年英语二的写作在考查难度上偏难,原因大部分在于考查内容出乎很多老师的预料,也就说有些偏离一贯的考查重点,因此,在之前的复习过程中很多同学并没有将之作为重点内容来复习。那么接下来就看一下2015年英语(二)的大作文到底考了哪些内容?对此又应该如何应对呢?

48. Directions:
Write an essay based on the following chart. In your writing, you should
1) interpret the chart, and
   2) give your comments.
You should write about 150 words on the ANSWER SHEET. (15 points)

我国某市居民春节假期花销比例
今年大作文依然考图表作文,文字规定部分只字未变,但是图表却发生了很大的改变。从2010年到2014年,英语二大作文考了4次柱形图、1次表格,但是从未考过饼图,由此不少老师认为大作文不太可能考饼图,但是今年恰恰考的就是饼图,这也就给大家的答题带来了难度。其实,仔细看一下,如表格一样,饼图反映的其实很大一部分就是各个部分之间的差异性,因此在写作时可以大部分借鉴表格的写作方法。除此之外饼图本身还反映了事物整体与部分之间的关系, 因此在应用表格描述方式时需要进行适当的调整,但是变化不大。

根据考前所讲,英语二中图表作文分成三段内容来写。

第一段:描述图表。根据之前所讲表格写作思路,整段内容包含5句话,直观评价、图表主题、主流趋势、最大差异、过渡句。

1. 直观评价。本句比较简单,可以直接用准备的句型,Here is a chart, simple but accurate.

2. 图表主题。先将“我国某市居民春节假期花销比例”译成英语,根据倒鱼钩翻译法,可译成the proportions of the Spring Festival’s expense of the residents in a certain city in China。再套用课上所讲句型,即成It goes without saying that the chart records the proportions of the Spring Festival’s expense of the residents in a certain city in China, which successfully arouses our curiosity.

3. 主流趋势。在饼图中,主流趋势指的就是事物的整体与部分的关系,也就是其整体体现。在本题中,表现为“全部花销花在了各种各样不同的东西上面”。由此,套用固定句型,即是As is clearly reflected by the graph, the expense has been spent on totally different things.

4. 最大差异。饼图中此句指的就是部分与整体的关系,也就是每个部分占了整体多少比例。而且在这些比例中往往会存在最大值或最小值,那么这就是该部分与其他部分之间的差异性。本题中体现为用在“新年礼物”上面的花销占比最大,为40%。那么可以表达为Especially, the money used to buy the New Year’s gifts accounts for 40% of the entire expense, which already outweighs all the others.

5. 过渡句。此句的作用就是总结第一段,铺垫第二段,可以直接用固定句型Definitely, what the chart reflects is supposed to be given further analysis.

以上就是该题第一段的写作思路及语言表达,接下来看第二段。第二段中需要对于第一段中的最大差异这一现象进行原因分析,那么按照之前所讲需要包含关键句和具体原因两部分。

首先,关键句。在这一部分,需要具体点明原因分析的对象,也就是第一段话中的第四句,但是需要注意的是不要全句照抄,而要将意思再用不同的语言表述出来。那么套用固定句即成Theoretically, several reasons may trigger the trend that people tend to spend more money to buy gifts during the Spring Festival, but as for my part, the following two are of great value.

其次,具体原因。对于春节期间人们更乐意将钱花在购买新年礼物上这一现象,其原因很多,包括春节在中国节日里面的重要性促使人们回家时购买大量礼物,以及春节期间各种礼物广告的泛滥变相鼓励了人们去花钱等等,当然还有其他的一些原因,大家可以自由发挥,只要合情合理即可。但是要注意:考虑到语言多样性的评分标准,写作时不可只用简单的单词或短语来衔接列举原因,因此可以用句子来列举,具体如下:On the top of list is that the current state of the affair may have been encouraged, though not justified, by the widely spreading advertisements of gifts. In addition, there is the other point that no one can ignore. It is universally acknowledged that the Spring Festival is the most important festival in our nation during which most people will buy gifts for their families and friends.

以上是第二段的主要内容,接下来继续看第三段。

第三段中主要就上面分析的这一现象进行趋势预测,那么很明显在接下来的很长一段时间里春节期间人们都会花大量地钱来为身边的亲人、朋友购买新年礼物,这种形式将会持续下去。因此,按照之前准备的固定句型,可用Taking into account what has been discussed above, we may safely come to the conclusion that the present situation concisely conveyed by the pie chart will sustain in the forthcoming years.

整合以上所讲,今年的大作文写作可如下:
Here is a pie chart, simple but accurate. It goes without saying that the chart records the proportions of the Spring Festival’s expense of the residents in a certain city in China, which successfully arouses our curiosity. As is clearly reflected by the graph, the expense has been spent on totally different things. Especially, the money used to buy the New Year’s gifts accounts for 40% of the entire expense, which already outweighs all the others. Definitely, what the chart reflects is supposed to be given further analysis.

Theoretically, several reasons may trigger the trend that people tend to spend more money to buy gifts during the Spring Festival, but as for my part, the following two are of great value. On the top of list is that the current state of the affair may have been encouraged, though not justified, by the widely spreading advertisements of gifts. In addition, there is the other point that no one can ignore. It is universally acknowledged that the Spring Festival is the most important festival in our nation during which most people will buy gifts for their families and friends.

Taking into account what has been discussed above, we may safely come to the conclusion that the present situation concisely conveyed by the pie chart will sustain in the forthcoming years.

(新东方)



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