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考研作文:手把手教你写书信

2015-03-04    来源:文都教育    【      托福雅思口语高分过

考研作文:手把手教你写书信

虽然考研英语大纲中罗列了多种应用文类型,包括:投诉信、建议信、申请信、求职信、辞职信、求学信、求助信、感谢信、号召信、邀请信、道歉信、简历、备忘录、寻物启事、招领启事等,但是在具体的实践中,常常考到的是书信。尤其在近几年的考研中,应用文写作考得最多的就是书信体应用文。下面我们就来先总体了解一下考研英语的书信写作。

一、首段的写作方法
1.问候收信人
Dear Sir/Madam

2.解释写信的原因
申请:I’m writing for an opportunity to work in your esteemed company that boasts of decades of reputation

邀请:I’m writing to request your attendance to a dinner party that is to be held in Beijing on August.

感谢:I am writing to extend my heartfelt thanks (sincere gratitude)toward…

投诉:I am writing to complain about the poor quality of a product that I purchased from your store two weeks ago.

祝贺:I am writing to extend my sincere greetings, wishing you a happyNew Year, your career greater success and your family happiness.

二、中间段的写作方法
1.阅读题目要求,找到可以用到的名词或动词。
【示例】Write a letter of application according to the following situation. You saw an advertisement in this morning’s newspaper. A company needs a secretary and you are interested. Write an application letter to that company.

2.注意题目文字暗示,把名词具体化,把动词近义词化

【示例】I am pleased to discover from Beijing Youth that your company is calling for a secretary. I wonder if you could consider my application, for I am delighted to join your esteemed company. First, I can speak and write English fluently, which happens to meet your current requirement for the vacancy. Second, I have a good command of Microsoft Office System, Graphic Design and ADOBE system. Third and last, I am always ready to help other people because I’m patient, enthusiastic and sincere. Given these considerations, I sincerely hope that I can be a member of your esteemed company.

三、结尾段的写作方法(三句话)
【示例】I would appreciate your assistance in this matter. If you have any question, please don’t hesitate to contact me. I can be reached at…Look forward to your reply.

四、署名
在文章右下角署名,一般格式为:Your sincerely…

考试大纲规定,考生除了能写不同类型的应用文以外,还要能撰写一般描述性、叙述性、说明性或议论性的文章。做到语法、拼写、标点正确,用词恰当;遵循文章的特定文体格式;合理组织文章结构,使其内容统一、连贯;根据写作目的和特定读者,恰当选用语域。

书信写作看起来复杂,但其实都有规律可循,最后为各位总结一个应用文写作的七字诀,大家只要熟记并有效运用就没问题:开门见山说意图,信息要点覆盖到,举一反三讲细节,语言正式词多变,感谢客气不能少,期待回信成老套。 (文都教育)



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