How Long Before You Hit the Breaking Point?
Do you have a‘breaking point’for your life—a point where long work hours send you over the edge into work-family conflict?
Based on new research on 22,436 IBM employees in 75 countries, many people do, and that breaking point varies dramatically based on whether employees are free to work from home part of the time, or not.
对IBM 公司在75 个国家的22,436 名员工进行的一项研究表明，很多人的生活中都会出现“崩溃点“；根据员工是否可以有部分时间在家办公，“崩溃点“差异很大。
In a startling finding, researchers discovered telecommuters on flextime schedules can cram in 19 more hours of work a week, compared with people who work entirely in the office, before they begin to report work-family conflict. The study was co-authored by E. Jeffrey Hill, a professor in the School of Family Life at Brigham Young University and a long-time researcher on work-family issues.
Those who did all their work in the office began to complain of work-family conflict after 38 hours of work. However, those who were able to extend their workday from home by telecommuting, rather than putting in longer hours at the office, could log 57 total hours before starting to feel the strain, counting both hours at the office and at home, Dr. Hill found. The hourly tallies are based on the point at which 25% of each of the two groups of employees-the office-bound workers and the telecommuters on flextime-reported work-family conflict.
希尔博士发现，整天在办公室待着的员工在工作38 个小时后开始抱怨工作与家庭出现冲突。不过希尔发现，那些不需要整天呆在办公室、可以选择远程办公的人在工作57 个小时后才会开始抱怨（把在办公室和在家工作的时间都计算在内）。时间的计算是根据两组员工中——在办公室工作和实行弹性工作制、在家办公的人——各有25%表示工作与家庭出现冲突的时间。研究结果将发表在本月的《家庭心理学期刊》上。
This basic pattern rings true to me. Since I began telecommuting years ago, I have found I could happily log longer work weeks than when I was confined to the newsroom. The size of the 19-hour gap in this study, however—about two additional workdays a week—is surprising.