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考研英语:词根背单词(8)

2015-04-29    来源:跨考教育    【      托福雅思口语高分过

考研英语:词根背单词(8)

词根:fin 表示结束

finite ['fainait]
[a.] 1. having bounds; limited有限的;有限制的

[真题例句]
1. Some scholars conclude that a government with finite resources should simply stop paying for medical care that sustains life beyond a certain age—say 83 or so.( 2003 Text 4)

infinite ['infinət]
[a.]1.very great; impossible to measure 极大的,无法衡量的infinite space

2.without limits; 无限的,无穷尽的

[n.] 1 the infinite 无限的事物,无穷尽的事物

2 the Infinite 上帝

[用法]无法衡量的,无法估计的the infinte goodness of God

infinite love 无微不至的爱

definite ['definit]


[a.] 1. [+that] sure or certain; unlike to change清楚的,明确的,确切的

2. easily or clearly seen or understood obvious 明显的

3. definite about sth/that sure that sth is true or that sth is going to happen and stating it to other people 肯定;有把握

[词汇派生] 1. definitely [ad.] ①肯定;没问题;当然;确实 ② 确切地;明确地;清楚地

[真题例句]
1. The latest was a panel from the National Academy of Sciences, enlisted by the White House, to tell us that the Earth’s atmosphere is definitely warming and that the problem is largely man-made.(2005 Text 2)

confine ['kɔnfain]
[v.] 1.to keep within bounds; restrict限制

2.to shut or keep in禁闭

[n.] purview; scope范围, 区间

[习惯用语]
1. be confined to 局限于,被限制住

2. between the confines of 之间的界限

3. on the confines of濒于,差一点就

4. beyond the confine of超出…的范围

5. confine oneself to只涉及,只限于

辨析: confine , limit ,restrict这些动词均有“限制,限定”之意。

limit一般指事先确定空间、时间或数量的极限,一旦超越限度,就会造成不良结果。当然也可指不事先规定,而且自然的或固有的界限。

confine侧重施加不可逾越的限制,有时暗示束缚、囚禁。

restrict指把某人或物限制在一定范围之内。

常用:be confined to 局限于

the disease is not just confined to children 这种病不是只发生在儿童身上只能呆在(某处)

I was confined to bed for 10 days 我在床上呆了10天

confine sth to sth限制,阻止

相近constrain 约束,限制

be constrained by

many women feel constrained by their roles as wife and mother 许多妇女感觉她们受到妻子和母亲的两个方面角色的约束。



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