"搭配记忆"法巧记高频短语(3)

作者:admin

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2015-7-16 11:27

复习考研英语要注重真题,在记忆词汇和练习阅读理解、翻译题的时候要结合真题做搭配记忆,并辅以相应的练习,下面我们就以真题为例,从中摘取出容易出现的考点,让2016考研的考生更深刻地领会"搭配记忆"法。

【相关真题1】
①This was the tradition which revolutionized our appreciation of the past.②In place of Thomas Carlyle, Britain nurtured Christopher Hill, EP Thompson and Eric Hobsbawm.③History from below stood alongside biographies of great men.④Whole new realms of understanding-from gender to race to cultural studies-were opened up as scholars unpicked the multiplicity of lost societies.⑤And it transformed public history too: downstairs became just as fascinating as upstairs.

【高频考点】
1.改变我们对于过去的评价:revolutionize our appreciation of the past

2.除了XKF:in place of XKF

3.培养了某人:nurture somebody

4.A和B并存:A stand alongside B

5.剖析过去社会的多样性:unpick the multiplicity of lost societies

6.开辟全新领域:whole new realms were opened up

7.改变了公共历史:transform public history

8.下层人物和上层人物同样迷人:downstairs became just as fascinating as upstairs

【翻译练习】
①This was the tradition which revolutionized our appreciation of the past.②In place of Thomas Carlyle, Britain nurtured Christopher Hill, EP Thompson and Eric Hobsbawm.③History from below stood alongside biographies of great men.
④Whole new realms of understanding-from gender to race to cultural studies-were opened up as scholars unpicked the multiplicity of lost societies.
结构提示:(as scholars…)作时间状语从句。
⑤And it transformed public history too: downstairs became just as fascinating as upstairs.
#p#副标题#e#

【参考译文】
①这是改变我们对于过去的评价的传统思想。②除了Thomas Carlyle,英国还培养出了Christopher Hill, EP Thompson和Eric Hobsbawm。③下层人物的历史和伟人传记并存。
④学者们逐渐剖开过去社会的多样性,为我们开辟了理解历史的全新领域,即从性别研究到种族研究到文化研究。
⑤这也改变了公共历史:下层人物和上层人物同样迷人。


【相关真题2】
①On the issue of freedom of religion and the position of the church, however, there was less agreement among the leadership.②Roman Catholicism had been the state religion and the only one allowed by the Spanish crown.③While most leaders sought to maintain Catholicism as the official religion of the new states, some sought to end the exclusion of other faiths.④The defense of the Church became a rallying cry for the conservative forces.

【高频考点】
1.西班牙皇室所允许的唯一的宗教:the only one allowed by the Spanish crown
2.试图做某事:seek to do something
3.保持天主教作为官方宗教:maintain Catholicism as the official religion
4.结束对其他信仰的排斥:end the exclusion of other faiths
5.成为战斗的口号:become a rallying cry
6.保守势力:conservative forces
7.然而,在……问题上,领导层意见不一:On the issue of…, however, there was less agreement among the leadership.

【翻译练习】
①On the issue of freedom of religion and the position of the church, however, there was less agreement among the leadership.
②Roman Catholicism had been the state religion and the only one allowed by the Spanish crown.
③While most leaders sought to maintain Catholicism as the official religion of the new states, some sought to end the exclusion of other faiths.
结构提示:While most leaders sought to maintain Catholicism as the official religion of the new states是让步状语从句。
④The defense of the Church became a rallying cry for the conservative forces.

【参考译文】
①然而,在宗教自由和教堂地位的问题上,领导层意见不一。
②罗马天主教已经成为国教,也是西班牙皇室所允许的唯一的宗教。
③虽然大多数领导人试图保持天主教作为新国家的官方宗教,但是一些领导人试图结束对其他信仰的排斥。
④保卫教堂成为保守势力的战斗口号。
"搭配记忆法"对我们记忆单词、攻克翻译题有很大的帮助,但任何巧妙的方法都需要在长久的练习中熟能生巧,希望大家在以后的复习过程中,能按照这种方法把真题吃透,日积月累,你会发现效果真的不错!