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搭配记忆法巧记高频短语(4)

2015-07-16    来源:文都教育    【      托福雅思口语高分过

复习考研英语要注重真题,在记忆词汇和练习阅读理解、翻译题的时候要结合真题做搭配记忆,并辅以相应的练习,下面我们就以真题为例,从中摘取出容易出现的考点,让2016考研的考生更深刻地领会"搭配记忆"法。

【相关真题】
1.①In 1924 America's National Research Council sent two engineers to supervise a series of industrial experiments at a telephone-parts factory called the Hawthorne Plant near Chicago. ②It hoped they would learn how shop-floor lighting affected workers' productivity. ③Instead, the studies ended up giving their name to the "Hawthorne effect," the extremely influential idea the very act of being experimented upon changed subjects' behavior.

2.①The idea arose because of the perplexing behavior of the women in the plant. ②According to accounts of the experiments, their hourly output rose when lighting was increased, but also when it was dimmed.

【高频考点】
1.监督一系列的工业实验:supervise a series of industrial experiments

2.影响工人生产率:affect workers productivity

3.这些研究最终命名为"XKF":the studies ended up giving their name to XKF

4.观点出现:the idea arose

5.非常重要的观点:the extremely influential idea

6.令人困惑的行为:the perplexing behavior

7.每小时的产出:hourly output

8.根据实验的描述:according to accounts of the experiments

【翻译练习】
1.①In 1924 America's National Research Council sent two engineers to supervise a series of industrial experiments at a telephone-parts factory called the Hawthorne Plant near Chicago.
结构提示:called the Hawthorne Plant near Chicago作factory的后置定语。
②It hoped they would learn how shop-floor lighting affected workers' productivity.
结构提示:how shop-floor lighting affected workers' productivity作learn的宾语从句,they would learn作hoped的宾语从句。
③Instead, the studies ended up giving their name to the "Hawthorne effect" , the extremely influential idea the very act of being experimented upon changed subjects' behavior.
结构提示:the extremely influential idea作the "Hawthorne effect"的同位语。the very act作the extremely influential idea的同位语从句。
2.①The idea arose because of the perplexing behavior of the women in the plant.
②According to accounts of the experiments, their hourly output rose when lighting was increased, but also when it was dimmed.
结构提示:when lighting was increased作rose的时间状语从句;but also后是省略句,补充完整应该是but also their hourly output rose(when it was dimmed)。


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