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2015-07-31    来源:新东方    【      托福雅思口语高分过

On this one point George W. Bush and Al Gore would agree: our schools need more Marilyn Whirrys. For 35 years, Whirry has inspired high school students to think deeply about great literature and to use its devices in their writing. She is the kind of teacher that students come back to visit decades later in her classroom in Manhattan Beach, Calif. Last May a national educators' group named her Teacher of the Year. And with the nation's public schools planning to hire 2.5 million new teachers over the next decade, Whirry is excited that each presidential candidate is pushing ways to recruit, train and reward better teachers. “They're both talking about teacher quality,” she says. “We have a real opportunity right now.”

Bush's plan combines most existing federal funds for professional development and class-size reduction into a flexible new fund for teacher training and recruitment, and he adds $400 million a year in new money. Bush would allow states to spend the funds as they see fit——so long as they establish teacher-accountability systems. This is similar to what Ronald Reagan did in the 1980s. But then, says Emily Feistritzer, president of the Center for Education Information, “the money disappeared.” Under Bush's plan, she says, “I worry that the money won't go where it's intended to once it reaches the states.”

Bush would expand funding from $2.4 million to $30 million for the Troops to Teachers program, which places veterans who want to teach in public schools. The program makes use of people like Arthur Moore, who retired in 1994 after 21 years in the Army and knew he wanted to teach. “There are a lot of people who would make excellent teachers but are discouraged by the bureaucracy of the certification process,” says Moore, 45, who began teaching fourth grade in Baltimore and now tests students for special education. “Troops to Teachers is an excellent way to tap their potential by lowering the barriers.” Bush would also expand loan forgiveness for math and science majors who teach in needy schools.

Gore's plan, endorsed by the teachers' unions, would spend $8 billion over 10 years to help recruit 1 million new teachers, with provisions for college aid, loan forgiveness and signing bonuses. Gore would spend an additional $8 billion to provide raises of as much as $5,000 each to teachers in poor districts that have adopted aggressive plans to improve teacher quality, plus as much as $10,000 each to teachers certified by a national board. Gore would also require states to ensure that all new teachers pass rigorous assessments. Says Feistritzer: “Gore's proposal might be a little excessive in the number of teachers he wants to recruit, but his teacher testing is exactly what we need.”
注(1):本文选自Time;11/06/2000, p88, 2/3p, 1c
注(2):本文习题命题模仿对象2005年真题text 1第一题(1),2001年真题text 4第2题(2)和第3题(4),text 3第1题(5)和第2题(3)

1. In the opening paragraph, the author introduces his topic by________.
[A] quoting the Teach of the Year
[B] citing an example
[C] making an assumption
[D] posing a contrast
2. According to Emily Feistritzer, Bush‘s plan might_________.
[A] be handicapped by the states
[B] give the states too much freedom
[C] help states recruit more teachers
[D] be too flexible
3. The basic problem many veterans encounter when they seek the teaching profession is _____.
[A] their lack of training and experience
[B] their background
[C] that they do not have the making of a teacher
[D] the barriers in the certification process
4. From paragraph 4 we can infer that__________.
[A] Gore‘s plan is better than Bush’s plan
[B] poor districts will receive more funding from Gore‘s plan
[C] Gore‘s plan focuses on the number of teachers while Bush’s plan on the accountability
[D] Gore‘s plan gives qualified teacher generous paycheck
5. What is the passage mainly about?
[A] The competition between Bush and Gore.
[B] Two presidential candidates‘ plans of teacher training, recruitment and rewarding.
[C] The increasing importance of the teaching profession.
[D] The differences between Bush‘s plan and that of Gore’s.

答案:C A D D B



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