考研英语翻译技巧:汉译的增词

作者:admin

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2016-8-9 11:28

英译汉时,按意义上、修辞上或句法上的需要加一些词,使译文更加忠实通顺地表达原文的思想内容;但是,增加的并不是无中生有,而是要增加原文中虽无其词却有其意的一些词,这是英译汉中常用的技巧之一。增词技巧一般分作两种情况。

▶1、根据意义上或修辞上的需要,可增加下列七类词。
  Flowers bloom all over the yard .朵朵鲜花满院盛开。(增加表示名词复数的词)
  After the banquets, the concerts and the table tennis exhibitor, he went home tiredly.在参加宴会、出席音乐会、观看乒乓球表演之后,他疲倦地回到了家里。(增加动词)
  He sank down with his face in his hands.他两手蒙着脸,一屁股坐了下去。(增加副词)
  I had known two great social systems.那是以前,他就经历过两大社会制度。(增加表达时态的词)
  As for me, I didn’t agree from the very beginning.我呢,从一开始就不赞成。(增加语气助词)
  The article summed up the new achievements made in electronic computers, artificial satellites and rockets.
  本文总结了电子计算机、人造卫星和火箭这三方面的新成就。(增加概括词)
  ▶2、根据句法上的需要增补一些词汇。
  Reading makes a full man; conference a ready man; writing an exact man.
  读书使人充实,讨论使人机智,写作使人准确。(增补原文句子中所省略的动词)
  All bodies on the earth are known to possess weight.
  大家都知道地球上的一切物质都肯有重量。(增补被动句中泛指性的词)