2018考研:英语大纲核心词汇(2)

作者:admin

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2017-1-17 15:30

考生应能掌握5500左右的词汇以及相关词组。除掌握词汇的基本含义外,考生还应掌握词汇之间的词义关系;掌握词汇之间的搭配关系,掌握词汇生成的基本知识。普特英语为你整理一些常见的核心词汇。

1. accumulate

vt. 堆积,积累;

vi. (数量)逐渐增加,(质量)渐渐提高;

[例句]Households accumulate wealth across a broad spectrum of assets.

家庭在以各种各样的资产形式积累财富。

2. accurate

adj. 精确的,准确的;正确无误的;

[例句]Police have stressed that this is the most accurate description of the killer to date.

警方强调这是迄今对凶手最精确的描述。

3. accuse

v. 指控;指责,谴责;

[例句]We resolve not to accuse them to avoid troubles.

我们决定不起诉他们。

4. accustom

vt. 使习惯;

[例句]The team has accustomed itself to the pace of first division rugby.

球队适应了英式橄榄球甲级联赛的节奏。

5. acquaint

vt. 使熟悉;使认识;把某事通知某人,告知;

[例句]I want to acquaint myself with your strengths and weaknesses.

我想知道你有哪些长处以及不足。



6. activate

vt. 使活动,起动,触发;使开始作用;

[例句]Video cameras with night vision can be activated by movement.

带夜视镜的摄像机一有动静就会启动。

7. acute

adj. 尖的,锐的;敏锐的,敏感的;严重的,剧烈的;[医]急性的;

[例句]The war has aggravated an acute economic crisis.

战争加剧了原本已很严重的经济危机。

8. adapt

vi. 适应于,适应不同情况(或环境)(to);

vt. 改编,改写;改变…以适合(for);

[例句]The world will be different, and we will have to be prepared to adapt to the change.

世界会变得不同,我们必须做好准备以适应其变化。

9. address

n. 地址;称呼;演说;通信处;

v. 称呼;演说;写姓名地址;向…说话;

[例句]The address is 2025 M Street, Northwest, Washington, DC, 20036.

地址为华盛顿特区,西北区,M大街2025号,邮政编码20036。

10. adhere


vi. 坚持;附着;黏附;追随;

vt. 使粘附;遵循,坚持;追随,依附;

[例句]All members of the association adhere to a strict code of practice.

协会的所有成员都遵守一套严格的行为规范。

11. adjacent

adj. 相邻;邻近的,毗邻的;(时间上)紧接着的;

[例句]He sat in an adjacent room and waited.

他坐在隔壁房间里等候。

12. adjoin

vt. 邻近,毗连;接连,贴连;附加,使结合;

[例句]Fields adjoined the garden and there were no neighbours.

田园相连,四下无邻。

13. administrate

v. 管理,支配;

[例句]Facilitate, organize and administrate training programs.

推动实施、组织和管理培训项目。

14. adolescent

n. 少年,少女;

adj. 青少年的;青春期的;未成熟的;

[例句]It is important that an adolescent boy should have an adult in whom he can confide.

关键是,青春期的男孩身边应该有一个可以交心的成年人。

15. advance

vt. 预付;提出;(使)前进;将…提前;

vi. (数量等)增加;向前推(至下一步);上涨;

n. 增长;借款;(价格、价值的)上涨;预付款;

[例句]Reports from Chad suggest that rebel forces are advancing on the capital.

来自乍得的报告显示叛军正向首都推进。