2018考研:英语大纲核心词汇(7)

作者:admin

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2017-1-17 16:41

考生应能掌握5500左右的词汇以及相关词组。除掌握词汇的基本含义外,考生还应掌握词汇之间的词义关系;掌握词汇之间的搭配关系,掌握词汇生成的基本知识。普特英语为你整理一些常见的核心词汇。

1. chorus

n. 合唱;合唱队;(歌曲的)副歌;合唱歌(曲);

vt. 合唱;齐声背诵;异口同声地说;

[例句]
Caroline sang two verses and the chorus of her song.

卡罗琳唱了她歌曲中的两段和副歌部分。

2. chronic

adj. 慢性的;长期的;习惯性的;

[例句]Anyone who does not believe that smoking is an addiction has never been a chronic smoker.

不相信抽烟能上瘾的人肯定不是老烟民。

3. clarity

n. 清晰度;明确;透明;清楚,明晰;

[例句]
In business circles he is noted for his flair and clarity of vision.

在商界,他的天赋和远见卓识是出了名的。

4. cling

vi. 坚持;附着于,紧贴;抓紧或抱住;沿(岸)前进,贴着(墙)走;

vt. 依恋,依附于;

[例句]Another man was rescued as he clung to the riverbank.

另外一个人因为紧紧攀住河堤而获救。

5. clumsy


adj. 笨拙的;复杂难懂的;得罪人的;(文体等)臃肿的;

[例句]I'd never seen a clumsier, less coordinated boxer.

我从没见过更笨拙、动作更不协调的拳击手。



6. cluster

n. 群;丛;簇,串;[语言] 辅音群;

vi. 丛生;群聚;使密集,使聚集;

[例句]There's no town here, just a cluster of shops, cabins and motels at the side of the highway.

这儿没有城镇,只在公路边上有一片商店、小木屋和汽车旅馆。

7. clutch

vt. 抓住;抓紧;紧握;抓取;

vi. 试图抓住;踩离合器;

adj. 紧要关头的;没有手提带的;

[例句]I staggered and had to clutch at a chair for support.

我踉踉跄跄地,不得不抓住一把椅子稳住自己。

8. coherent

adj. 连贯的;一致的;条理分明的;清楚明白的;

[例句]
He has failed to work out a coherent strategy for modernising the service.

他未能制定出一条连贯的策略来实现服务的现代化。

9. coin

n. 硬币;金属钱币;[建筑]拐角,墙角石;

vt. 制造硬币;杜撰;创造;

[例句]Jaron Lanier coined the term 'virtual reality' and pioneered its early development.

杰伦·拉尼尔创造了“虚拟现实“这个词,并成为推动其早期发展的先驱人物。

10. coincide

vi. 相符;与…一致;想法、意见等相同;极为类似;

[例句]The kids 'views on life don't always coincide, but they're not afraid of voicing their opinions.

孩子们的人生观并不总是一致,但他们敢于表达自己的观点。

11. collaborate

vi. 合作,协作;(国家间的)协调,提携;勾结,通敌;

[例句]He collaborated with his son Michael on the English translation of a text on food production.

他和儿子迈克尔合作,把一篇介绍食品生产的文章译成了英文。

12. collapse


vi. 崩溃;倒塌;折叠;(尤指工作劳累后)坐下;

vt. 使倒塌;使坍塌;使瓦解;

n. 垮台;(身体的)衰弱;

[例句]
A section of the Bay Bridge had collapsed.

海湾大桥有一段垮塌了。

13. collide

vi. 碰撞;相撞;冲突;抵触;

[例句]Two trains collided head-on in north-eastern Germany early this morning.

今天早上德国东北部两列火车迎面相撞。

14. commemorate

vt. 纪念,庆祝;成为…的纪念;

[例句]
One room contained a gallery of paintings commemorating great moments in baseball history.

有一个房间里陈列着很多纪念棒球史上伟大时刻的画作。

15. commend

vt. 推荐; 表扬; 托付; 受到赞同;

[例句]I commended her for that action.

我赞扬了她的那一举动。