2018考研:英语大纲核心词汇(10)

作者:admin

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2017-1-24 13:49

考生应能掌握5500左右的词汇以及相关词组。除掌握词汇的基本含义外,考生还应掌握词汇之间的词义关系;掌握词汇之间的搭配关系,掌握词汇生成的基本知识。普特英语为你整理一些常见的核心词汇。

1. conspicuous

adj. 明显的;显而易见的;惹人注意的;显目;

[例句]The most conspicuous way in which the old politics is changing is in the growing use of referendums.

旧式政治最明显的变化在于其越来越多地进行全民公决。

2. constant

adj. 不断的,持续的;永恒的,始终如一的;坚定;忠实的;

n. [数]常数,常量;不变的事物;永恒值;

[例句]She suggests that women are under constant pressure to be abnormally thin.

她暗示说女性总是处在保持身材异常瘦削的压力之下。

3. constitute

vt. 构成,组成;制定,设立;等同于;指派;

[例句]Testing patients without their consent would constitute a professional and legal offence.

未经患者同意而对其进行检查被视为违反职业操守并触犯法律。

4. consult

vi. 咨询;商议,商量;[医]会诊;充当顾问;

vt. 请教;翻阅;求教于;顾及;

[例句]Consult your doctor about how much exercise you should attempt.

咨询一下医生你需要多大的运动量。

5. consume

vt. 消耗,消费;耗尽,毁灭;吃光,喝光;烧毁;

[例句]Many people experienced a drop in their cholesterol levels when they consumed oat bran.

很多人食用燕麦麸后胆固醇水平下降了。



6. contact

n. 接触;触点;[医](传染病)接触人;门路;

vt. 使接触;与…联系;与…通讯(或通话);

vi. 联系,接触;

[例句]
Opposition leaders are denying any contact with the government in Kabul.

反对派领袖否认与喀布尔政府有任何联系。

7. contain


vt. 牵制;包含,容纳;克制,遏制;包括或由…构成;

[例句]
The bag contained a Christmas card.

这个包里装着一张圣诞卡。

8. contaminate


vt. 弄脏,污染;损害,毒害;

vi. 玷污,毒害,腐蚀(人的思想或品德);

[例句]Have any fish been contaminated in the Arctic Ocean?

北冰洋的鱼受到过污染吗?

9. contempt

n. 轻蔑;轻视;(对规则、危险等的)藐视;不顾;

[例句]
He has contempt for those beyond his immediate family circle.

他鄙视直系亲属圈子以外的人。

10. contest

vt. 竞争,为…而奋争;辩驳;

vi. 竞争;争夺;争斗;

n. 比赛;竞赛;搏斗;

[例句]
Few contests in the recent history of British boxing have been as thrilling.

英国近年的拳击比赛中很少有如此激动人心的。

11. contract

n. 合同;契约;协议;

v. 签合同;缩小;感染;

[例句]The company won a prestigious contract for work on Europe's tallest building.

这家公司赢得了一份极为重要的合同,参与建设欧洲最高的大厦。

12. contradict

vt. 反驳,驳斥;否认;与…矛盾,与…抵触;

vi. 反驳;否认;发生矛盾;

[例句]She dared not contradict him.

她不敢反驳他。

13. contrary

adj. 相反的;违反的,反对的;对立的;顽固的,任性的;

n. 对立或相反的事物;对立方;[逻]反对命题;

adv. 相反地,矛盾地;

[例句]This view is contrary to the aims of critical social research for a number of reasons.

之所以说此观点违背了批判性社会研究的宗旨,有几点理由。

14. contrast

n. 对比,对照;差异;对照物,对立面;[摄] 反差;

vi. 对比;形成对照;

vt. 使对照,使对比;和…形成对照;

[例句]The two visitors provided a startling contrast in appearance.

这两位访客的外表截然不同。

15. contribute

vt. 贡献出;捐赠(款项);投稿(给杂志等);出力;

[例句]The three sons also contribute to the family business.

这3个儿子也为家族事业做出了贡献。