2018考研:英语大纲核心词汇(11)

作者:admin

来源:

2017-1-24 14:00

考生应能掌握5500左右的词汇以及相关词组。除掌握词汇的基本含义外,考生还应掌握词汇之间的词义关系;掌握词汇之间的搭配关系,掌握词汇生成的基本知识。普特英语为你整理一些常见的核心词汇。

1. contrive

vt. 策划;设计,发明;创造;设法做到;

vi. 计划或谋划;

[例句]The oil companies were accused of contriving a shortage of gasoline to justify price increases.

石油公司被控故意制造石油短缺以名正言顺地提高油价。

2. controversy

n. 论战;公开辩论;

[例句]The proposed cuts have caused considerable controversy.

削减开支的提议引起了诸多争议。

3. convention

n. 会议;全体与会者;国际公约;惯例,习俗,规矩;

[例句]It's just a social convention that men don't wear skirts.

男人不穿裙子只是一种社会习俗。

4. convert

vt. (使)转变;使皈依;兑换,换算;侵占;

vi. 经过转变;被改变;[橄榄球]触地得分后得附加分;

n. 皈依者;改变宗教信仰者;

[例句]The signal will be converted into digital code.

信号会被转变为数字代码。

5. convey

vt. 表达;传达,传递;运送,输送;[法]让与,转让(财产等);

[例句]When I returned home, I tried to convey the wonder of this machine to my husband.

回到家后,我竭力地想把这台机器的精妙之处描述给丈夫听。



6. convict

vt. 宣判有罪;证明…有罪;使知罪;定…的罪;

n. 罪犯;

[例句]In 1977 he was convicted of murder and sentenced to life imprisonment.

1977年,他被判谋杀罪名成立,判处终身监禁。

7. coordinate

vt. 使协调,使调和;整合;使(身体各部份)动作协调;(衣服、布料等)搭配;

vi. 协调;协同;成为同等;被归入同一类别;

adj. 同等的;[语法学]并列的;同等级的;带有同等性质的;

[例句]We coordinate the reports from the overseas divisions, and send them on to headquarters in Athens.

我们整理了海外各部门的报告然后再将其转发给雅典的总部。

8. cordial


adj. 热诚的;诚恳的;兴奋的;

n. 补品;兴奋剂;甘露酒;

[例句]He had never known him to be so chatty and cordial.

他从没见过他如此健谈,如此友善。

9. correspond


vi. 相应;通信;符合,一致;

[例句]Racegoers will be given a number which will correspond to a horse running in a race.

观看赛马比赛的观众将获得一个与某一匹赛马相对应的号码。

10. correspondent

n. 通讯员,记者;通信者;

[例句]Our British Affairs correspondent reports on how the three contenders reacted to the news of the resignation.

我们的“英国国内事务“记者报道了3名竞争者对辞职消息的反应。

11. corrode

vt. 使腐蚀,侵蚀;

[例句]He has devised a process for making gold wires which neither corrode nor oxidise.

他设计了一种能够避免腐蚀或氧化的金丝制作流程。

12. corrupt

adj. 堕落的,道德败坏的;贪污的,腐败的;腐烂的;(文献等)错误百出的;

vt. 使腐败;使堕落;使腐烂;

vi. 腐化;堕落;腐烂;

[例句]
He had accused three opposition members of corrupt practices.

他指控3名反对派成员营私舞弊。

13. count

n. 总数;数数;罪状;论点;

v. 数数;计算总数;把…算入;重要;

[例句]He was counting slowly under his breath.

他轻声地慢慢数着数。

14. course

n. 课程;航线;行动方向;一道菜;

vt. 快速地流动;奔流;跑过;追逐;

vi. 沿…(方向)前进;指引航线;快跑;迅速移动;

[例句]Aircraft can avoid each other by going up and down, as well as by altering course to left or right.

飞机可以通过上下升降和左右移动改变航线来避免相撞。

15. courtesy

n. 承蒙;谦恭有礼,礼貌,请安;有礼貌的举止[言词];

adj. 殷勤的;出于礼节的;

[例句]He did not even have the courtesy to reply to my fax.

他连回复我传真的这点儿礼貌都没有。