2018考研:英语大纲核心词汇(20)

作者:admin

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2017-1-24 16:43

考生应能掌握5500左右的词汇以及相关词组。除掌握词汇的基本含义外,考生还应掌握词汇之间的词义关系;掌握词汇之间的搭配关系,掌握词汇生成的基本知识。普特英语为你整理一些常见的核心词汇。

1. extinguish

vt. 熄灭(火);使(希望、爱情等)不复存在;偿清;

[例句]The message extinguished her hopes of Richard's return.

那条消息使她对理查德归来的希望彻底破灭。

2. extract

vt. 提取;(费力地)拔出;选取;获得;

n. 汁;摘录;提炼物;浓缩物;

[例句]Citric acid can be extracted from the juice of oranges, lemons, limes or grapefruit.

柠檬酸可以从橙汁、柠檬汁、酸橙汁或者柚子汁中提取。

3. extravagant


adj. 过度的,过分的;奢侈的,浪费的;放肆的;大量的;

[例句]Her Aunt Sallie gave her an uncharacteristically extravagant gift.

萨莉姨妈送给她一件贵得离谱的礼物。

4. fabricate


vt. 制造;捏造;装配;

[例句]All four claim that officers fabricated evidence against them.

4人全都声称警察捏造证据陷害他们。

5. facilitate


vt. 帮助;促进,助长;使容易;

[例句]
The new airport will facilitate the development of tourism.

新机场将促进旅游业的发展。

6. fade

vi. 褪去,失去光泽;逐渐消逝;凋谢,衰老;

vt. 使褪色;

adj. 乏味的,平淡的;

[例句]
All colour fades —especially under the impact of direct sunlight.

所有颜色都会褪色——尤其是在阳光直射下。

7. faint

adj. 微弱的,模糊的;软弱的;无勇气的;将昏倒似的;

vi. 头晕,昏过去;渐渐不明,消失;

n. 昏厥,昏倒;

[例句]He became aware of the soft, faint sounds of water dripping.

他开始注意到轻微的水滴声。



8. fancy

vt. 想像;设想;想要;猜想;

n. 设想;想像力;爱好;怪想;

adj. (构思者)奇特的;昂贵的;(价格等)高价的;[美国俚语]真棒;

[例句]What do you fancy doing, anyway?

你到底想干什么?

9. fare

n. 票价;费;食物;乘客;

vi. 吃;进食;进展;遭遇;

[例句]He could barely afford the railway fare.

他几乎买不起火车票。

10. fascinate

vt. 蛊惑;使着迷;使神魂颠倒;

vi. 入迷;

[例句]Politics fascinated Franklin's father.

政治让富兰克林的父亲着迷。

11. fashion

n. 时尚,时装;时装领域,时尚界;方式,方法;

vt. 制作,塑造;使适应;

[例句]There are 20 full-colour pages of fashion for men.

书中有20张有关男性时尚的彩色插页。

12. favor

n. 欢心;好感;宠爱;关切;

vt. 支持;赞成;照顾;促成;

[例句]You'd think you were the one who did me the favor, and not the other way around.

应该是你帮了我,而不是我帮了你。

13. feasible

adj. 可行的;可用的;可实行的;可能的;

[例句]She questioned whether it was feasible to stimulate investment in these regions.

她对在这些地区刺激投资是否可行表示怀疑。

14. feeble

adj. 虚弱的,衰弱的;无效的,无意的;缺乏决心的,缺乏活力的;

[例句]He told them he was old and feeble and was not able to walk so far.

他告诉他们,他年老体弱,不能走那么远。

15. feed

vt. 喂养;满足(欲望等);向…提供;供…作食物;

vi. 吃,以…为食;流入,注入,进入(如油流入机器);[电子学]馈入;

n. 饲料(尤指粗饲料),施肥;喂送;草料;(尤指向地方性电视台)馈送电视节目;

[例句]We brought along pieces of old bread and fed the birds.

我们拿了几片陈面包来喂鸟。