2018考研:英语大纲核心词汇(24)

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2017-1-24 17:26

考生应能掌握5500左右的词汇以及相关词组。除掌握词汇的基本含义外,考生还应掌握词汇之间的词义关系;掌握词汇之间的搭配关系,掌握词汇生成的基本知识。普特英语为你整理一些常见的核心词汇。

1. grind

vt. 折磨;磨碎,嚼碎;磨快,磨光;咬牙;

vi. 嘎吱嘎吱地擦;

[例句]
Store the peppercorns in an airtight container and grind the pepper as you need it.

将胡椒粒储存在密封容器中,在需要的时候磨成粉。

2. grip

n. 握力;紧握,抓牢;掌握,理解;能力,胜任;

vt. 握紧,抓牢;吸引住:吸引…的兴趣或注意力;引起;

vi. 抓牢,紧握:保持紧握;

[例句]
She gripped the rope.

她紧紧抓住绳索。

3. gross

adj. 总的;粗俗的;显而易见的;恶劣的;

n. 总额;

vt. 总共收入;

[例句]The company were guilty of gross negligence.

该公司犯有严重过失。

4. guarantee

n. 保证,担保;保证人,保证书;抵押品;

vt. 保证,担保;

[例句]Surplus resources alone do not guarantee growth.

仅有富余的资源并不能确保发展。

5. humble

adj. 谦逊的;简陋的;(级别或地位)低下的;不大的;

vt. 使谦恭;轻松打败(尤指强大的对手);低声下气;

[例句]He gave a great performance, but he was very humble.

他的表演非常出色,但他却很谦虚。

6. halt

n. 暂停;停止,中止;小火车站;

vt. 阻止;使停止;使中断;使立定;

vi. 停止,立定;犹豫;

[例句]They halted at a short distance from the house.

他们在离房子不远处停了下来。

7. hoist

v. 升起,提起;被举起或抬高;

n. 升起;起重机,升降机;<俚>推,托,举;

[例句]
Hoisting my suitcase on to my shoulder, I turned and headed toward my hotel.

我把手提箱扛到肩上,转身向入住的旅馆走去。



8. handicap

n. 障碍;缺陷;不利条件;给弱者增加的杆数(按击球次数计数,并随参赛者的进步而减少);

vt. 妨碍,使不利;使(某人)行动和生活不正常;

[例句]
He lost his leg when he was ten, but learnt to overcome his handicap.

他10岁时失去了一条腿,但他学会了克服自己的残疾。

9. horizon

n. 地平线;范围;界限;眼界;

[例句]A grey smudge appeared on the horizon. That must be Calais, thought Fay.

一个模糊的灰影出现在地平线上。那里一定是加来,法伊心想。

10. heap

n. 堆,堆积;<口>许多,大量;<俚>破车;

vt. 扔成一堆;完全填满,灌满;大量或奢侈的赠予;

[例句]He has dug up the tiles that cover the floor and left them in a heap.

他把地上铺的瓷砖掀了起来,堆成一堆。

11. hatch

v. 秘密策划,(尤指)密谋;孵化;孵出,破壳而出;使(小鸟、小鱼、小虫等)孵出;

n. 开口;(船甲板或飞机底部装货物的)舱口;(飞机或宇宙飞船的)舱门;(尤指厨房和餐厅之间供传递食物的)两室之间的小窗口;

[例句]As soon as the two chicks hatch, they leave the nest burrow.

两只小鸟一出壳就离开了巢穴。

12. hazard


vt. 冒险;使遭受危险;

n. 危险;冒险的事;机会;双骰子游戏;

[例句]A new report suggests that chewing-gum may be a health hazard.

一份新报告指出,口香糖可能对健康有害。

13. heal

vt. 恢复健康的状态;使恢复正常;使(某人)精神恢复健康;

vi. 变得完整和健全;

[例句]
Within six weeks the bruising had gone, but it was six months before it all healed.

青瘀在6周内就消退了,但伤却是6个月后才全好了。

14. hail

n. 冰雹;一阵;

vi. 下冰雹;如冰雹般地降下;

vt. 致敬;打招呼;打信号示意(计程车等)停下;赞扬(或称颂)…为(尤用于报章等);

[例句]Faulkner has been hailed as the greatest American novelist of his generation.

福克纳被誉为他那一代人中最伟大的美国小说家。

15. hinder

vt. 阻碍,妨碍;成为阻碍;

adj. 后面的,后方的;

[例句]Does the fact that your players are part-timers help or hinder you?

队员们都是兼职的,这对你有利还是不利?