Message from Ms. Irina Bokova, Director-General of UNESCO, on the Occasion of the International Day of the Girl Child
The theme of this International Day of the Girl Child is dedicated to “Child marriage“.
Today in the world, too limited progress has been made in the elimination of early marriage. Every year 15 million girls are married before they reach 18 years old. 1 in 9 girls in the developing world are married by the age of 15. Although in many countries we can assist to a gradual increase in the median age of first marriage, this has been mainly restricted to children from families with higher revenues.
在当今世界上，消除早婚方面所取得的进展极其有限。每年有1500万少女未满 18 周岁就结婚。在发展中国家，有九分之一的少女未满 15周岁就出嫁。尽管在许多国家我们可以看到初婚的平均年龄在逐渐提高，但这主要限于那些较高收入家庭的孩子。
Early marriage is rarely a choice. It is the result of on an intergenerational transmission cycle of poverty, exclusion, discrimination and violence. When a girl is forced to an early marriage, it is not only her future that is being threatened, but the well-being of entire communities. Girls who marry before 18 years old, often leave formal education, depriving societies from precious potential and creativity. They are also more prone to domestic violence as well as early pregnancies and maternal death, throwing a shadow across the world, weakening us all.
Every extra year of schooling for a girl takes them away from poverty, provides them with social networks and raises their expectations about their options in life. And it is not enough to enroll girls – we must help them to stay in the course, all the way through secondary school. This is the best way to build stronger communities, inclusive and resilient societies. If we act together, this day can mark the beginning of the end of harmful practices like child marriage. It is a development issue, and it is a human rights imperative.