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林伦超实战口译unit4-6

2016-03-03    来源:网络    【      托福雅思口语高分过

林伦超实战口译unit4-6

内容简介
为了让学生们在开始工作之前就对口译的几大应用领域都有接近实际的经 历,知道需要如何准备,如何应付,本教材36个练习单元的内容全部采用政府政策宣传讲话,高级官员对外讲话,中国和英国的招商推介,以及英、美大公司的介 绍。这些都是实际口译工作中需求增长最快、最需要专业技能的领域。

作者简介
(英)林超伦, 自1995年以来,林超伦先生一直担任英国女王、首相和议会上下两院领导人与中国高层领导人的会谈口译。他曾于1998年和2003年两次陪同布莱尔首相 访华,并且以英国政府译员的身份,参加接待了近年来所有访问英国的中国领导人。英国主要对华组织英中贸易协会、英国文化委员会、英中友好协会以及英国著名 的公司和组织也多次聘请他担任重大活动的口译。 林超伦先生还负责英国首相府和外交部的文件翻译,并经常为各大公司翻译宣传资料、广告及品牌、法律和技术文件。林超伦先生以其优秀的翻译质量和丰富的口译 经验在口译界享有良好的声誉。

单元4 中国经济介绍
当前我国经济发展势头良好,经济增长的内在机制不断增强,基本做到了速度、质量和效益的统一。但是我们也要清醒地看到,世界上还没有一个国家的经济发展长盛不衰,永远保持高速度。中国也不可能例外。
Our economy is doing really well. The internal mechanism for economic growth has been strengthened. We have, to a large extent, struck the right balance between speed, quality and economic benefit. But it is also clear to us that there are no countries in the world that can perpetuate an economic boom and high-speed growth. China won't be an exception.

改革开放取得的成就是有目共睹的,但是,随着经济形势的变化,又出现了一些新的矛盾和问题。比如,国企改革问题、大量失业和待业问题、两极分化问题、腐败问题、金融风险问题、生态环境破坏问题等。这些问题都需要我们高度重视,尽快找到有效的解决办法。
The achievements of the reform have been there for all to see. But, as the economic climate changes, there are now new problems. These include the reform of the state-owned enterprises, substantial unemployment, the polarization of income, corruption, risks in the financial sector and ecological and environmental damage. All of them require our immediate attention and effective solutions in the shortest time possible.

我个人认为,当前中国经济发展需要注意以下几个方面:一是加强房地产投资引导,运用经济、法律手段,约束高档商品房的盲目发展,促进经济适用房建设。二是做好国际国内经济形势的跟踪监测,及时制定应对方案。
Personally, I believe China needs to pay attention to the following areas. One, we must provide guidance more forcefully using economic and legal means in the property development market, restrict blind development in up-market properties, and to promote the construction of economical and practical properties. Two, we must monitor international as well as domestic economic development closely so as to be able to respond quickly.

三是加强对汽车和钢材等行业的宏观监控,禁止低水平重复建设和无序竞争。既要及早制止某些行业过热倾向的进一步蔓延,又要鼓励经济增长中的合理因素。这里需要解决的是如何掌握分寸的问题。
Three, we must strengthen the regulation of the automobile and steel industries, reigning in low-grade repetitive construction and disorderly competition. We need to stop overheating in some sectors from spreading while at the same time encouraging rational elements in our economic growth. This is an issue of maintaining the right balance.

既要调控和引导一些行业中出现的投资增长过快的倾向,又要采取措施解决部分生产要素供需矛盾加剧的问题。四是多方采取措施,解决部分地区电力供应紧张问题。要切实加强水资源管理,缓解部分地区的缺水局面,同时加快城市和农业用水价格的改革进度。
Whilst we need to regulate the overheating of investment in some sectors, we need to take measures to solve the problem of supply falling further behind demand in others. Four, we need to coordinate our efforts to solve the problem of severe shortages of power supply in some regions. We must improve the management of water resources and seek to reduce water shortages in some regions. At the same time, we must accelerate the reform of water pricing in cities and rural areas.

五是要在当前和今后一个时期,继续深入开展廉政建设和反腐败工作。我们要从国务院开始,建设规范的行为机制,以保证政府运转协调、公正透明、廉洁高效。这些措施显示出中国领导层力求在各个层面上扫清路障,为经济增长开辟顺畅的通道的决心。
Five, we must continue our campaign to have a corruption free government. We are starting with the State Council, to set an example of conduct, to ensure that our government is well co-coordinated, fair and transparent, uncorrupted and highly efficient. These measures demonstrate our determination to clear the road ahead, the road to economic growth.

目前我国还很穷,按官方规定年人均收入600元以下为贫困线来计算,我国还有2000多万人没有脱贫。这是中国的标准。如果按联合国的贫困线每人每天1美元标准来计算,我国未脱贫的有一亿多人。
China is still poor. Based on the official poverty threshold of 600 yuan, we still have over 20 million people living in poverty. That's using China's criteria. Based on the UN's threshold of one dollar per person per day, we have over 100 million people living in poverty.

我国各种债务总数大约有13.3万亿人民币。相当于一年的国内生产总值的1.3倍多。这是一种非同小可的财政负重。另外,如何应对入世带来的挑战也是一项艰巨的任务。中国的金融改革必须加快步伐,加大力度,做好迎接国际金融竞争的准备。总体来说,我对中国经济达到年增长超过7%的目标持乐观态度。
China's total debt is about 13,000 billion yuan, the equivalent of 1.3 times of our GDP. This is a considerable burden. On the other hand, challenges brought by our WTO entry are also difficult tasks. The financial reform in China must speed up to be ready for international competition. On the whole, I'm optimistic about China achieving over 7% growth a year.

单元5 新车推出仪式(美音)
Good morning everybody. And welcome to the launch of our new L50, and to this presentation. In a way, launch is no longer the correct word. Many of you have already had a chance to get to know the new car in your test drive this morning. So, I will not dwell on the technical capabilities of thsi car. What I would like to do is to share with you the thoughts that have gone into developing this new model so that you'll have a better idea of why it's such an exciting car to drive.
早上好。欢迎参加L50的推出仪式,欢迎参加这场推介会。从某种意义上说,“推出”这个词已经不合适了。你们很多人今天早上在试车时,都已经对新车有了了解。所以,我不会喋喋不休地谈论这款车的技术性能。我是想与大家一起分享一下这款新车设计过程中的一些思路。这样你们就能更加清楚地知道,为什么这款车开起来是如此令人兴奋了。
I will also talk a bit about what has been happening in our company--the direction we are heading, our strategy, and our ambitions. After that, I'll talk about some of the major stages in our design and development of this model. After this presentation, we'll have lunch, which is served in the main conference hall. Our chef has promised a few surprises. I'm as curious as you are about what these might be. But, back to the presentation.
我还要谈谈我们公司内的发展:我们的前进方向,我们的战略,我们的雄心。然后,我要谈谈这款新车设计与开发过程中的一些主要阶段。推介会之后,我们吃午饭,午饭在大会厅内。我们的厨师跟我拍胸脯,说准备了一些你们想不到的东西。我和你们一样好奇,不知这些东西会是什么。好,继续我们的推介会。


Our new L50 is the first in a family of new cars to be launched this year and in the next couple of years. It is the result of the most ambitious investment in our company's history--£125 million, in design and development, in production capabilities, in sales network and in our own people. The investment is based on our understanding of the market and our goal for the future. So what are they then?
我们的新款L50只是个开端,今年以及今后一两年中,我们还将陆续推出一整个系列的新车。这是我们有史以来最大的一个投资项目的成果。我们把1.25亿英镑投资于设计和开发、生产能力、销售网络和我们的员工。投资的基础是我们对市场的了解,以及我们今年的目标。那么,这些目标是什么呢?


We want to sell 800,000 cars a year for the next 5 years. So far this year, we've already sold 560,000, and congratulations to those of you that have contributed to this success. This represents nearly 20% increase over the previous year at a time when the market has declined by nearly 10%. Much of the increased sales have come from the commitment and dedication of our dealers and our staff. Thank you and well done.
我们今后五年的销售目标是每年80万辆车。今年到目前为止,我们已经销售了56万辆。祝贺你们为这项成就所作的贡献。这个数字相当于比去年增加了将近20%。而同期市场下跌了将近10%。销售增长中的大部分来自于代销商和我们员工的全心投入和勤奋。感谢大家,干得真漂亮。


The launch of this L50 will mark the beginning of a series of launches, giving us a full range of new cars, 3-door, 5-door, estate, diesel, and from 1 liter all the way up to our luxury 2 liter saloons. A convertible and a 4-wheel drive are also in the final design stage. With this new family, we'll be able to compete robustly with any competitor in US, and will be able to take on the EU market too. But products alone are not enough.
L50的推出标志着新车家族系列推出的开始。这将给我们带来全套新车,3门车、5门车、连箱车,柴油车、小到一公斤、大到两公斤的豪华车,应有尽有。敞篷车和四轮驱动车也已经进入设计的最后阶段。有了这个新车家族,我们就可以与任何美国厂家进行有力竞争,一比高低,而且可以进军欧洲市场。但是光有产品还不行。


We've put substantial amount of money and effort into upgrading our retail operation, into our dealer network and into our own sales force. This is built on our in-depth knowledge of our customers, what they want and what they need. It is based on the strength of our brand. If you visit one of our re-branded showrooms, you'll get a strong impression of our brand and what we stand for. We are taking market shares from our competitors. We are on target to take even more.我们还花费了大量的资金和力气,改进我们的零售业务、我们的代销商网络和我们的销售队伍。我们的起点是我们对顾客的深入了解:他们想要什么?他们需要什么?我们的基础是我们品牌的力量。如果参观一下品牌重新标志的展厅,就会对我们的品牌和我们的价值观留下很深刻的印象。我们正在从竞争对手那里夺来市场份额。我们正在依照目标去夺得更多的市场份额。


We believe that the most effective way of getting more customers and growing our business is by new cars. Not just any new cars. It has to be new cars that re-enforce our brand value. Having test driven the L50, I'm sure you will all agree with me that the new L50 is exactly that--an embodiment of performance, safety, and functionality. These are the core elements of our brand value. These are the features that have caught the attention of media across Europe. These will be repeated in each and every new member of the family.

我们认为,获得更多顾客和发展业务的最有效的方法就是新车。但不是任何新车,而是那些可以加强我们品牌价值的新车。在试开过L50之后,我敢肯定你们大家都同意,这款新L50正是如此。它充分体现了性、安全、功能这些我们品牌的核心组成部分。这些品质吸引了欧洲各地媒体的注意,而且将在所有新车家族成员身上体现出来。


That's all I'd like to say at this stage. My colleagues will now take you through some of te highlights in the design and development. This is a short video we produced just before this launch. It is meant to answer some questions .What is the thinking behind this development? How do we translate concepts into a new model? How does our core value influence the thinking of people on the factory floor and in showrooms? Ladies and gentlemen, the new L50.
我就讲到这里。我的同事们将向各位介绍一些设计和开发过程中的小高潮。这是一部简短的录像,是这次推出仪式前刚刚录制的,旨在回答几个问题:这次开发背后的考虑是什么?如何把概念转化成新车型?我们的核心价值是如何影响工厂工人和销售员的?女士们、先生们,我们的新L50。

单元6 中国金融介绍
今天,我想就中国的金融体制改革,谈谈几点建议。中国金融改革在“九五”期间已经取得了巨大成就,但是需要做的事情还很多。由于时间关系,我在这里不求全面,只想提出几个我感触比较深的想法,供大家参考。
Today, I'd like to talk about the financial reform in China. China has achieved a great deal in the Ninth Five-Year Plan, but we still have a lot to do. Given that time is short, I won't try to cover everything, but to put forward a few ideas that I feel quite strongly about, some food for thought.

加入WTO的过渡期充期量只有两年多。中国必须在这短短的时间内,完成迎接外资进入中国金融市场的战略安排,完成对国有独资商业银行的体制改革,推动符合条件的商业银行上市,在金融全球化的潮流中激流勇进。
After WTO entry, the transition period is not much more than 2 years. China, within this short time, must complete its strategic set-up in preparation for the entry of foreign competitors. We must complete the reform of the wholly state-owned commercial banks, and help qualified commercial banks to seek listings in the stock market. We need to ride the wave of financial globalization.

我认为,“十五”期间,中国必然将几大国有的独资商业银行重组为更多数量的股份制商业银行,由中国人民银行继续担任中央银行的角色。应该开始考虑允许建立省级银行。各行实行独立的法人制度。
In my view, during the Tenth Five-Year Plan, China must break up the handful of wholly state-owned commercial banks into a greater number of share-owned commercial banks. The People's Bank of China will remain the central bank. We should begin to consider allowing the establishment of provincial level banks. Each bank will be an independent legal person.

中国必须进一步完善商业银行内部的结构改革。我尤其希望要加强银行经理人员的培训,提高他们的素质。这里我建议,参照发达国家银行业的培训方法,为我国造就一批知己知彼、了解竞争对手的人才。
China must improve the structural reform of its commercial banks. I particularly want to see better training for managers and improvement in their skills. I would suggest here that we learn from banks in developed countries and produce a generation of Chinese managers that know themselves and their competitors equally well.

我建议尽早开始综合经营的试点。允许试点金融机构开展国外商业银行普遍参与的业务,提供更加全面的客户服务。试点的挑选必须是近年来业绩显著、实力雄厚、体制改革成功的银行。
I recommend early piloting of comprehensive services, allowing pilot financial institutions to operate in areas common among foreign commercial banks, to offer a wide range of services to customers. The selection of pilot banks must be based on their performance in recent years, their strength, and their success in the financial reform.

新业务可以包括按照市场供需原则开发、推出新的贷款品种,以满足经济发展和社会发展的需要。近年来,在抵押贷款方面的尝试就是一个很好的成功例子。另外,发达国家银行提供保险和个人投资服务的做法,也很值得借鉴。
The new business areas may include the launch of new loan products, according to the market principle of supply and demand, so as to meet the requirements of economic and social development. Mortgages over recent years are an excellent example. In addition, banks in developed countries offer insurance and personal investment services. That's also worth considering.

与此相关,中国必须尽快建立起贷款利率的市场机制,让商业银行参照中央银行的基本利率,根据市场动作需要和自身利益确定各自的浮动利率。这不仅是个银行改革问题,还将大大改善银行业对消费者的服务,刺激经济发展。
Linked to this, China must establish the market mechanism for interest on loans as soon as possible, to allow commercial banks to decide on their own floating interest rates by taking into account the base rate from the central bank, and their own operations in the market as well as their own interests. This is not just an issue of banking reform. It will greatly improve the services banks offer to consumers, stimulating economic growth.

我们必须理顺监管体制。监管机关必须既拥有监管混业经营的能力,又能够根据不同对象的性质分别对待和处理,也就是说必须区别对待不同类型的商业银行。我认为,目前情况下,国有独资商业银行尚不具备混业经营的条件。
We must rationalize our regulatory system. The regulator must have the capacity to regulate comprehensive services. It must also be able to recognize the nature of business of each bank and treat them accordingly. That is to say, the regulator must be able to treat different commercial banks differently. Under the current circumstances, I don't think the wholly state-owned commercial banks are ready for comprehensive services.



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