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林伦超实战口译unit25-27

2016-03-11    来源:网络    【      托福雅思口语高分过

林伦超实战口译unit25-27

内容简介
为了让学生们在开始工作之前就对口译的几大应用领域都有接近实际的经 历,知道需要如何准备,如何应付,本教材36个练习单元的内容全部采用政府政策宣传讲话,高级官员对外讲话,中国和英国的招商推介,以及英、美大公司的介 绍。这些都是实际口译工作中需求增长最快、最需要专业技能的领域。

作者简介
(英)林超伦, 自1995年以来,林超伦先生一直担任英国女王、首相和议会上下两院领导人与中国高层领导人的会谈口译。他曾于1998年和2003年两次陪同布莱尔首相 访华,并且以英国政府译员的身份,参加接待了近年来所有访问英国的中国领导人。英国主要对华组织英中贸易协会、英国文化委员会、英中友好协会以及英国著名 的公司和组织也多次聘请他担任重大活动的口译。 林超伦先生还负责英国首相府和外交部的文件翻译,并经常为各大公司翻译宣传资料、广告及品牌、法律和技术文件。林超伦先生以其优秀的翻译质量和丰富的口译 经验在口译界享有良好的声誉。

单元25 Enviros环保公司(英音)
Enviros was founded in 1995 and brought together a number of consultancies with a track record of performance in the environmental field, including Aspinwall, March and Quantisci. Enviros has over 350 people in ten offices in the UK, one office in the Irish Republic, two offices in mainland Europe and one office in Canada. Through partner organizations we extend globally, with active projects on every continent.
Enviros成立于1995年,组合了几家在环保领域业绩优良的咨询公司,其中包括Aspinwall、March和Quantisci。Enviros有350名员工,在英国有10个办事处,爱尔兰一个,欧洲大陆两个,加拿大一个。通过伙伴公司,我们的范围横跨全球,各大陆上都有正在进行的项目。

Enviros is managed on cross-office basis in line with our market facing divisions. Each division is headed by a director and, together with Dave Murphy, Jeff Iliffe and the four support service directors--Finance, HR, IT and Marketing, make up Enviros' senior management team. Each division is then divided up into groups and the teams reflecting our ideas of expertise. A team typically consists of 5 to 10 consultants.
Enviros实行跨办事处管理,按照面对市场的部门划分。每个部门都由一位董事领导,另外,Dave Murphy, Jeff Iliff和四位支持服务部门的董事,即财务、人事、信息技术和市场推广董事,组成了高层经理队伍。每个部门分成小组,小组分成团队,反映出我们的专长。团队的典型人数是5~10名咨询人员。

Enviros offers a comprehensive package of expertise in business strategy, economics, energy engineering and management, feasibility studies, design and project management, training and specialist software to enable clients to comply with laws and regulations. We help clients to meet climate-change-related requirements of legislation and key performance criteria as well as deliver significant cost savings.
我们提供内容广泛的专业服务,在商业战略、经济学、能源工程和管理、可行性研究、设计和项目管理、培训和专用软件各个方面,帮助客户达到法规的要求。我们帮助客户达到与气候变化相关的立法要求和关键表现标准,另外还为客户明显节省开支。

We work with clients and their financial intermediaries to assess the environmental assets and liabilities of a business. We cover all the main regional finance centers in the UK, and through our membership of the CAT Alliance, we can offer advice in more than 50 countries for cross border deals. We are an associate member of the British Venture Capital Association and, with the CAT Alliance, a member of the European Venture Capital Association.
我们与客户以及他们的金融中介公司合作,评估公司在环保方面的资产和负担。我们覆盖英国的所有的区域金融中心。作为CAT联盟成员,我们能够在50多个国家提供跨境交易的咨询。我们是英国风险投资协会的联系会员。作为CAT联盟的成员,我们又是欧洲风险投资协会的成员。

Sustainable waste management requires organizations to design products that use fewer materials; use processes that produce less waste; put waste to good use through re-use, recycling, composting and using waste as fuel; and to choose products made from recycled materials. In waste and resources management, Enviros provides strategic, technical and economic solutions throughout the UK, Ireland and the rest of Europe.
可持续废物管理要求各个公司和组织设计出使用材料比较少的产品,采用产生废物比较少的流程,通过再次使用、回收使用、堆化土料、变废料为燃料的方法,利用废物,并且选用回收使用的材料作为原材料。在废物和资源管理方面,Enviros提供战略、技术和经济解决方案,在英国、爱尔兰和欧洲各地服务。

We have an enviable record of the environmental management of land and water assets for major landholders. With an increasing need to regenerate "brown field" sites, a solutions-based approach to land and water resources has created an unrivalled reputation in the field of contaminated land, redevelopment and its associated disciplines. Decisions on environmental protection require knowledge of how potential hazards would be affected by changes in management practices.
我们拥有令人羡慕的业绩,在为大面积土地拥有者提供土地和水资产环保管理方面,成绩卓著。由于治理“棕色土地”的需要不断增加,以解决方案为主的土地和水资源管理为我们带来了无可比拟的声誉,在受污染土地、重新开发,以及相关领域都出类拔萃。考虑环保方面的决定时,需要知道潜在危害与改变管理做法之间的关系。

With respect to storage and disposal facilities for radio-active and other hazardous wastes, it is crucial to understand how contaminants move through the geosphere and how long-term performance of disposal facilities can be affected by geological and climatic changes over time. Alongside its UK offices, the group has an office in Barcelona which serves the main local and international waste management agencies as well as key industrial multinational companies.
至于放射性和其他有害废物的储存和处理设施,关键是了解污染物如何在陆界中移动,以及这些处理设施的性能会随着时间的推移,受到地质和气候的影响。除了英国办事处之外,我们在巴塞罗那有个办事处,服务于当地的和国际上的大型废物管理机构,以及主要跨国工业公司。

The team in Barcelona provide chemical and geochemical, hydrological and geological, environmental assessment and software application capabilities, and apply these to a range of radioactive and industrial waster management, soil and ground water pollution problems and environmental management related issues. A major project the Barcelona teams have contributed to is the Epicenter Project to improve environmental performance in organizations across the EU.
我们在巴塞罗那的队伍提供化学和地质化学、水文地质和地质及环境评估和软件应用能力。他们利用这些能力来解决一系列放射性和工业废物管理问题、土壤和地面水污染,以及与环保管理有关的问题。我们在巴塞罗那的人员作出贡献的一个主要项目是震中项目,为的是改善欧盟内许多组织在环保上的表现。

单元26 上海招商介绍
上海地处长江三角洲前缘,正当我国南北海岸线的中部,地理位置优越。这里平均海拔高度为4米左右,属热带季风气候,四季分明,日照充分,雨量充沛。中国第三大岛崇明岛就在上海。
Shanghai is on the tip of the Yangtze Delta, in the middle of China's coastline running down from the north to the south. It is very well located. Shanghai averages about 4 meters above sea level. It has a tropical monsoon climate, with four different seasons, plenty of sunshine and good rainfall. The third largest island in China, the Chongming Island, is within Shanghai's territory.

上海的面积从1949年的636.18平方公里增至现在的6340.5平方公里,人口从1949年的520万人,增至现在的1327.14万人。上海正向现代化国际大都市的目标迈进,肩负着面向世界、服务全国的重任。
Shanghai has grown from about 636.18 square kilometers in 1949 to about 6,340 square kilometers today. Its population has grown from 5.2 million in 1949 to about 13.27 million today. Shanghai is striving towards its goal of becoming a modern, international metropolitan city. It is China's window to the world and a powerhouse of the Chinese economy.

中国改革开放以来,上海国民经济保持经济快速增长势头。2001年全市GDP总值4950.80亿元,人均GDP突破4500美元,全年货物吞吐量2.21亿吨,出口总额276.28亿美元,财政收入1995.62亿元,社会固定资产投资1984.31亿元。国内生产总值连续10年保持10%以上的增长率。
After the reform and opening up, Shanghai's economy has maintained rapid growth. In 2001, its GDP was 495 billion yuan. Its per capita GDP broke through 4,500 US dollars barrier. It handled 221 million tons of cargo. It exported 276 million US dollars worth of goods and services. It brought in 199.56 billion yuan of tax revenue and invested 198.43 billion yuan in fixed assets. Its GDP growth has been at over 10% a year for 10 consecutive years.

上海的工业总产值占全国1/12,港口货物吞吐量占全国1/10,口岸进出口商品额占全国1/4,财政收入占全国1/8。上海为全国现代化建设作出了重大的贡献。
Shanghai is responsible for one twelfth of China's industrial output, one tenth of cargo handling, a quarter of imports and exports, and one eighth of the tax revenue. Shanghai has been making substantial contributions to the modernization of China.

上海作为一个国际化的大都市,交通十分发达。有通往世界59个城市国际的航线和14条海上国际航线,两个国际机场;有中国最大的港口,与世界上200多个国家和地区的1100多港口建立航运关系;有各种铁路线近百条。便利的交通,促进了上海与世界各国的交往。
Shanghai is an international city with excellent transport links. It has airline routes to 59 cities in the world, 14 international sea routes. There are 2 international airports and it has the biggest port in China, linking up with over 1,100 ports in over 200 countries and regions. There are nearly one hundred railway lines. Shanghai's excellent transport links have benefited its relationship with the rest of the world.

上海拥有全国领先的现代化教育体系。全市普通高等院校32所,成人高校37所,高等职业技术学院5所,中等职校267所。上海在“十五”期间将不断地完善终身教育体系,加快优秀人才培养和集聚,形成人才资源高地。
Shanghai leads China with its modern education system. There are 32 institutions of higher education, 37 adult colleges, 5 senior trade and technical colleges and 267 mid-range trade and technical schools. In the Tenth Five Year Plan, Shanghai will continue to improve its lifelong learning system, accelerate the training and gathering of talents, in order to build up a large pool of human resources.

上海是一个金融发达的城市。中国人民银行、中国银行、中国工商银行、中国建设银行、中国农业银行、交通银行等设立的分行,以及众多的证券交易网点遍布大街小巷。更值得一提的是,已有诸多的外国银行在上海设立了分行和办事机构。
Shanghai is a highly developed financial city. The People's Bank of China, the Bank of China, the Industrial and Commercial Bank of China, the Construction Bank of China, the Agricultural Bank of China and the Communication Bank of China all have branches in Shanghai. Together with the share dealing networks, they are everywhere. It is particularly worth mentioning here that many foreign banks have set up branches and offices in Shanghai.

上海有良好的投资环境和优惠的投资政策,涉及十多个领域的几十个行业。还有产品全部直接出口的特许待遇。为了鼓励外国投资,凡从事投资额大、回收期长的项目,比如能源、交通基础设施的建设和经营者,除一般外资待遇之外,还有特别优惠。
Shanghai has an excellent investment environment and excellent policies, covering dozens of sectors in more than ten industries. There are also concessions for products that are solely destined for export. In order to encourage foreign investment, if you invest in large projects that take a long time to recover investment, for example in the construction and operation of energy and transport infrastructures, you will be entitled to special concessions in addition to the benefits enjoyed by foreign investors.

单元27 富戴劳公司(英音)
In 1884 Joseph and Jules Fuerst established in London an international trading company. It traded as Fuerst Brothers until 1957 when it was acquired by Mrs. Eileen Day Lawson. Trading thereafter as Fuerst Day Lawson the company prospered and expanded into many of the fields covered by the present Group.
1884年,Joseph和Jules Fuerst在伦敦成立了一家国际贸易公司。以富尔斯特兄弟为名营业到1957年,然后被戴?劳森太太收购。收购后,以富尔斯特?戴?劳森为名,公司繁荣发展,扩展到现有集团经营的许多领域。

Organic growth was supplemented by the acquisition of other trading companies in related product areas including Union Merchants Overseas in 1968, Fox Roy Merchants and R. Verney in 1972 and J. C. Duffus in 1978. During the 1980's separate trading identities were created. An increasing involvement in fruit juices led to the formation of Fuerst Day Lawson Citrus and was followed by moves into generic pharmaceuticals, food additives and honey.
自我增长之外,我们还收购了其他相关产品领域的贸易公司,其中包括1968年收购联合海外商品公司,1972年收购Fox Roy商品公司和R. Verney公司,1978年收购J.C.Duffus公司。80年代,建立了不同的贸易品牌。果汁方面的业务越来越多,于是成立了富尔斯特?戴?劳森柑橘公司,接着进入普通医药、食品添加剂和蜂蜜行业。

In 1984 more open policies in China encouraged a substantial development of the Group's business with the world's most populous country and a representative office in Shanghai was opened. In 1987 and after 14 years in the business, Maurice Day Lawson became Group Chief Executive and the majority shareholder. In 1992 the Group acquired part of the activities of the London Export Corporation, adding a liaison office in Beijing to its existing office in Shanghai.
1984年,中国改革开放,促进了我们集团与这个世界上人口最多的国家的业务,我们在上海成立了代表处。1987年,在工作14年之后,莫里斯?戴?劳森成为首席执行官和多数股票股东。1992年,我们集团收购了伦敦出口总公司的部分业务,在北京增设了联络处。

By the end of 1996 annual sales exceeded 220 million US dollars. Following significant growth it was decided in 1997 to simplify the operational and trading structure of the Group into divisions under the Fuerst Day Lawson name. The Holding Company, Fuerst Day Lawson Holdings Ltd, provides strategic direction and other services to its subsidiary companies. Its principal subsidiary, Fuerst Day Lawson Ltd, comprises six specialist divisions.
1996年底,我们的营业额已经超过了2.2亿美元。在强力增长之后,我们在1997年决定简化集团的运营和贸易结构,在富尔斯特?戴?劳森的名下分部经营。控股公司为富尔斯特?戴?劳森持股有限公司,负责向子公司提供战略方向及其他服务。其主要子公司富尔斯特?戴?劳森有限公司由六个专业部门组成。

While each division has its own logistics department providing contract administration, it can also draw on Group services. These include the Group's leverage in the international freight market, giving competitive costs of carriage, and a tracking system which can identify the location of a single container and determine its shipment and arrival time to within 24 hours. The Group also provides centralized computer and communications services supported by a team of Information Technology experts.
每个部门都有自己的物流部,负责合同执行上的管理工作,但也可以获得集团服务的支持。其中包括集团在国际运输市场中的力量,可以提供有竞争力的运费;还有一个跟踪系统,可以确定某一个集装箱的地点、起运和到达时间,误差不超过24小时。我们集团还提供中央电脑和通讯服务,由一组信息技术专家负责。

The key to FDL's success is its people, skills, knowledge and experience. Over 50% of the account executives and directors have been with the Group for more than ten years. The successful selection, development and training of personnel is critical to FDL's ability to provide a high standard of service to its customers and to respond t otheir needs. The Group therefore provides bonus, profit share and incentive schemes to aid staff motivation, to strengthen personal commitment and to build teams which embrace with enthusiasm both personal and corporate objectives.
富戴劳成功的关键在于我们的员工、技能、知识和经验。多半数的客户经理和董事都已经在集团内工作了十多年。成功地选择、发展、培训人员对富戴劳很关键,使我们能够为顾客提供高水准的服务,对他们的需要做出反应。我们集团提供奖金、利润分成和奖励措施,提高员工的积极性,加强员工的忠诚度,建立热情拥抱个人和公司目标的团队。

As a market leader, FDL is able to attract quality staff. It actively seeks out those who are energetic, persistent, and sensitive to other nations' cultures and good communicator. The FDL account executive is enthusiastic, committed and ready to board an airplane at a moment's notice to manage the consequences of floods and droughts, local politics and customs, and the complexities of currencies and rising markets in order to deliver security to FDL customers 365 days a year.
作为市场龙头企业,富戴劳还能吸引高质量的员工。我们积极寻找那些干劲大、坚持不懈、对其他民族的文化敏感、善于沟通的员工。富戴劳的客户经理都积极热情,忠于职守,随时可以跳上飞机,几乎不需要提前通知,前往现场,处理洪水、干旱、地方政治和海关干扰、复杂的汇率、看涨的市场,以便为公司的顾客带来安全感。一年365天,天天如此。

Individual training programmes are regularly monitored and updated to ensure that staff widen their knowledge of trading, business and management practices. Staff als are encouraged to keep abreast of innovations in the markets in which they operate. Investment in the development of personnel at all levels is one of the processes which enables FDL to maintain a high quality service for its customers and to ensure its own continued success and growth.
个人培训计划得到定期监督、修订,以确保员工能扩大知识,更多地了解贸易、商业和管理上的做法。我们还鼓励员工随时掌握他们业务所在的市场中的革新。在个人发展的各个层次投资,这种过程使得富戴能够不断为顾客提供高质量服务,并确保自身不为获得成功,不断发展。



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