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高考英语:必考重点句型解析(8)

2015-03-31    来源:360doc.com    【      托福雅思口语高分过

必考重点句型解析(8)

第22组 倒装句型

1. No/Never/Hardly/Seldom/Little等+be/助动词/情态动词+主语...

【用法】表示否定意义的词置于句首时,句子用部分倒装。

【例句】Little did Rose care about her own safety, though she was in great danger herself.
尽管自己处于相当危险的境地,但是罗丝几乎没考虑自己的安全。

2. So...+be/助动词/情态动词+主语...+that...

【用法】在so... that...句式中,so...部分置于句首时,主句用部分倒装。

【例句】So sudden was the attack that the enemy had no time to escape.
袭击是如此突然,以至于敌人根本没有时间逃跑。

3. Only+状语+be/助动词/情态动词+主语...

【用法】only强调状语置于句首时,主句用部分倒装。

【例句】Only if you eat the correct foods will you be able to keep fit and stay healthy.
只有合理膳食才会保持身体健康。

4. Not until...+be/助动词/情态动词+主语...

【用法】时间状语not until...置于句首时,主句用部分倒装。

【例句】Not until the motorbike looked almost new did he stop repairing and cleaning it.
直到把摩托车修理、擦洗得几乎跟新的一样他才作罢。

5. Not only...+be/助动词/情态动词+主语...but also...

【用法】not only...置于句首时,其所在的分句用部分倒装,其中also有时可以省略。

【例句】Not only does he do well in his lessons, but he often helps others with their lessons.他不但自己学习好,还经常帮助别人学习。

6. Hardly had+主语...+when...No sooner had+主语...+than....

【用法】hardly, no sooner 置于句首时,hardly, no sooner所在的句子用部分倒装。

【例句】Hardly had he uttered the words when she began laughing.
他刚一开口说话,她就笑了。

第23组 虚拟语气在状语从句中的用法

1. If...did/were..., 主语+would/should/could/might do...

【用法】表示与现在事实相反的假设。从句用一般过去时,主句谓语动词用"would/should/could/might+动词原形"。

【例句】If I were eleven years younger, I would dance as well as them.
如果我年轻11岁,我会跟他们跳得一样好。

2. If...had done...,主语+would/should/could/might have done...

【用法】表示与过去事实相反的假设。从句用过去完成时,主句谓语动词用“would/should/could/might+have+过去分词”。

【例句】If we had taken the other road, we might have arrived here in time for the meeting.
如果我们走了另一条路的话,或许就能及时赶到这里开会了。

3. If...did/were to do/should do...,主语+would/should/could/might do...

【用法】表示与将来事实相反的假设。从句谓语动词用过去式、“should+动词原形”或“were to+动词原形”,主句谓语动词用“would/should/could/might+动词原形”。

【例句】If it were fine tomorrow, I would go shopping.
如果明天天气好,我就去购物。

4. If...had done..., 主语+would do...

If...should do..., 主语+would have done...

【例句】If he had set out earlier, he would be home now.
如果他早点出发的话,他现在就已经到家了。

5. Should/Were/Had+(从句)主语+谓语,主句

【用法】if引导的虚拟条件句的谓语动词中含有should, were, had时,可将if省略,而将should, were, had提前,构成倒装。

【例句】Should it happen(=If it should happen), what would you do?
如果真发生了这样的事,你怎么办?

6. With/Without/But for+名词,主语+虚拟语气形式的谓语...

【用法】句子的虚拟条件是通过词或短语如with, without, otherwise, but for等来表示的。

【例句】But for the help of my English teacher, I would not have won the first prize in the English Writing Competition.
如果没有英语老师的帮助,我不可能在英语写作比赛中获得一等奖。

7. 主句+as if+(从句)主语+did/had done...

【用法】as if引导的从句常用虚拟语气,用一般过去时表示与现在事实相反的情况;用过去完成时表示与过去事实相反的情况。

【例句】She acted as if she had been the hostess yesterday
.她昨天表现得就好像她是女主人似的。

 第24组 虚拟语气在名词性从句中的用法

1...wish (that)+主语+did/had done/would do...

【用法】wish后的宾语从句用一般过去时表示与现在事实相反;用过去完成时表示与过去事实相反;用过去将来时表示与将来事实相反。

【例句】I wish it were autumn in Beijing all the year around.
我希望北京全年都是秋天。

2 ...suggest/recommend/insist等+(that)+主语+(should) do...

【例句】Teachers recommend parents not allow their children under 12 to ride bicycles to school for safety.
为了安全,老师建议家长们不要让未满12岁的孩子骑自行车来上学。

3 ...would rather+主语+did/had done...

【用法】would rather 后的从句用一般过去时表示与现在或将来事实相反,用过去完成时表示与过去事实相反。

【例句】George is going to talk about the geography of his country, but Id rather he focused more on its culture.
乔治打算谈谈他们国家的地理,但是我却愿意他多谈一下他们的文化。

4. It is+形容词/名词/过去分词+that+主语+(should) do...

【例句】It is strange that the girl (should) be so rude.那个女孩那么无礼,这真奇怪。

5 ...suggestion/advice/demand等+that+主语(+should) do...

【用法】在表示“建议”、“命令”、“要求”等的名词后的表语从句和同位语从句中用虚拟语气。

【例句】My suggestion is that we (should) get started soon.
我的建议是我们应该尽快出发。



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