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初中英语介词的误用和辨析

2012-02-10    来源:网络    【      托福雅思口语高分过

1.中文:琼斯先生住在皇后街十号。

(误)Mr. Jones lives on 10 Queen Street.

(正)Mr. Jones lives at 10 Queen Street.(at+门牌号,on+街道名称;两者同时出现以门牌号码为准。)

2.中文:他喜欢在太阳下坐着。

(误)He likes to sit under the sun.

(正)He likes to sit in the sun.(在太阳下用介词in。)

3.中文:面包是由麦子制成的。

(误)Bread is made of wheat.

(正)Bread is made from wheat.(由…制成,of用于成品保持原有性质;from用于成品不再保持原有性质。)

4.中文:每个人都知道他。

(误)He is known by everyone.

(正)He is known to everyone.(be known to是习惯用法,表示为…所熟知。)

5.中文:我们有麻烦。

(误)We are with trouble.

(正)We are in trouble.(有麻烦用in trouble。)

6.中文:他将于七月五日去美国。

(误)He will go to America in July 5.

(正)He will go to America on July 5.(on与某一天连用。)

7.中文:他将于七月五日去美国。

(误)He left home in the morning of 11th.

(正)He left home on the morning of 11th.(morning和某日连用时用on。)

8.中文:他将于七月五日去美国。

(误)He was angry with what I said.

(正)He was angry at what I said.(表示因某事生气介词用at或about,对某人生气用with。)

9.中文:他藏在一棵树后。

(误)He hid himself after a tree.

(正)He hid himself behind a tree.(after表顺序,behind表位置。)

10.中文:在老师的帮助下你会通过考试。

(误)You may pass the exam under the help of the teacher.

(正)You may pass the exam with the help of the teacher.(在某人的帮助下用with。)

11.中文:我父亲对我说玩火危险。

(误)My father said to me that it was dangerous to play fire.

(正)My father said to me that it was dangerous to play with fire.(play后接运动,球类比赛时是及物动词;后接玩的东西时是不及物动词,与with连用。)

12.中文:你真的看见那个年轻人打我弟弟的脸了吗?

(误)Did you really see the young man hit my brother on the face?

(正)Did you really see the young man hit my brother in the face?(打在脸上用in the face;打在鼻子上用on the nose。)

13.中文:就她的年龄而言,她看上去很年轻。

(误)She looks quite young in her age.

(正)She looks quite young for her age.(for表示就…而论,相当于considering。)

14.中文:在夜晚很安静。

(误)It is quiet at the night.

(正)It is quiet at night.(表示在夜晚用at night或in the night。)



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