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专四阅读理解预热(5)

2014-05-21    来源:网络    【      托福雅思口语高分过

There are some earth phenomena you can count on, but the magnetic field, someday is not of them. It fluctuates in strength, drifts from its axis, and every few 100,000 years undergo, dramatic polarity reversal—a period when North Pole becomes South Pole and South Pole becomes North Pole. But how is the field generated, and why is it so unstable?

Groundbreaking research by two French geophysicists promises to shed some light on the mystery. Using 80 meters of deep sea sediment core, they have obtained measurements of magnetic-field intensity that span 11 polarity reversals and four million years. The analysis reveals that intensity appears to fluctuate with a clear, well-defined rhythm. Although the strength of the magnetic field varies irregularly during the short term, there seems to be an inevitable long term decline preceding each polarity reversal. When the poles flip—a process that takes several hundred thousand years—the magnetic field rapidly regains its strength and the cycle is repeated.

The results have caused a stir among geophysicists. The magnetic field is though t to originate from molten iron in the outer core, 3000 kilometers beneath the earth's surface. By studying mineral grains found in material ranging from rocks to clay articles, previous researchers have already been able to identify reversals dating back 170 million years, including the most recent switch 730,000 year s ago. How and why they occur, however, has been widely debated. Several theories link polarity flips to external disasters such as meteor impacts. But Peter Olson, a geophysicist at the Johns Hopkins University in Baltimore, says this is unlikely if the French researchers are right. In fact, Olson says intensity that predictably declines from one reversal to the next contradicts 90 percent of the models currently under study. If the results prove to be valid geophysicists will have a new theory to guide them in their quest to understand the earth's inner physics. It certainly points the direction for future research.

1. Which of the following titles is most appropriate to the passage?

A. Polarity Reversal: A Fantastic Phenomenon of Nature.

B. Measurement of the Earth's Magnetic-Field Intensity.

C. Formation of the Two Poles of the Earth.

D. A New Approach to the study of Geophysics.

2. What have the two French geophysicists discovered in their research?

A. Some regularity in the changes of the earth's magnetic field.

B. Some causes of the fluctuation of the earth's magnetic field.

C. The origin of the earth's magnetic field.

D. The frequency of polarity reversals.

3. The French geophysicists' study is different from currently prevailing theories in ______.

A. its identification of the origin of the earth's magnetic field

B. the way the earth's magnetic intensity is measured

C. its explanation of the shift in the earth's polarity

D. the way the earth's fluctuation rhythm is defined

4. In Peter Olson's opinion the French experiment ______.

A. is likely to direct further research in the inner physics of the earth

B. has successfully solved the mystery of polarity reversals

C. is certain to help predict external disasters

D. has caused great confusion among the world's geophysicists

参考答案:

1. D) 文章主要介绍了两位法国地球物理学家所作的开创性的研究及其在 同行中引起的反响。由此可见D为正确答案。

2. A) 此题为细节题。根据文章第二段第三句可知,经过分析表明,磁场 的密度以清晰的节奏在波动。由此可见A为正确答案。

3. C) 根据文章第二段,两位法国地球物理学家利用80米的深海沉淀物的 核心做试验。而 根据文章第三段可知其他科学家是通过研究岩石、粘土等中所发现的金属微粒来论证的。由此可见C为正确答案。

4. A) 根据文章最后两句可知,如果这些结果被证明是对的,那么地球物 理学家在试图认 识地球内部物理现象方面有了新的理论作指导,也就是说这项研究为进一步的研究指明了方向。因此A为正确答案。



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