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专四阅读理解预热(14)

2014-05-27    来源:新东方    【      托福雅思口语高分过

Open up most fashion magazines and you will see incredibly thin models with impossible hair and wearing unreasonably expensive, impracticably styled clothes. But shouldn't clothes be comfortably durable and make a principle of being simple for the individual who wears them? Why are we constantly told that we need to buy new clothes and add fresh pieces to our collection?

Fashions change year after year so lots of people can make piles of money. If folks are convinced that they need a different look each season, that this year's sweater's length and shoes style are important, they can be persuaded to buy. The fashion industry would have you ignore your shortcomings and just make you feel beautiful and happy. In fact it is not only a phenomenon we can find in people's dressing.

Fashion controls our lives. Fashion controls what we wear, what we eat, what we drink, the way we cut our hair, the makeup We buy and use, the color of the cars we drive. Fashion even controls our ideas.

You don't believe me? How many. Of your friends are vegetarians? Why are they vegetarians? Because it is fashionable!

Where does fashion come from? Often the reasons are quite logical. Scientists and historians study the fashions of the past and discover the secrets of each fashion.

When girls see an attractive guy, their blood pressure rises and their lips become redder. That's why guys think that girls wearing lipstick are beautiful.

Why do guys shave their heads? In the past soldiers shaved their heads to kill the insects that lived in their hair. Now guys shave their heads so that they look strong and masculine, like soldiers.

People spend a lot of time and money on fashion. But are they wasting their money? Changes in fashion help to develop new technologies. Changes in style create work for people all over the world. Many people work in the fashion industry, particularly in the fashion capitals of London, New York, Paris and Milan.

And finally, fashion makes you feel good, doesn't it? When you are dressed in the latest style, dancing to the most fashionable music, after watching the latest hit film, you feel great, don't you?

1. What's the author's viewpoint about the models and their hairstyles and clothes?
A. Unbiased.
B. Indifferent.
C. Critical.
D. Appreciative.

2. It is indicated by the author that clothes should be
A. comfortable and durable.
B. new and fresh.
C. expensive and fashionable.
D. simple and unique

3. The fashion industry makes profits by
A. selling the products at high prices.
B. creating a need in you.
C. helping you get rid of your shortcomings.
D. making you look more beautiful.

4. The author thinks what has been found about fashions by the scientists and the. Historians is
A. incredible.
B. amazing.
C. reasonable.
D. creative.

5. The passage mentions the advantages of fashion EXCEPT that
A. it can help promote technological development.
B. it enables people to remain up-to-date.
C. it can create more job opportunities for people.
D. it can make people achieve a great feeling.

答案解析:
1.[C]观点态度题。根据第l段的incredibly,impossible,unreasonably,impracticably等词,可以看出作者对时装杂志上的模特儿及他们的发式和服饰持不认可的态度。
2.[A]细节判断题。第l段最后两个问句表明了作者认为衣服应该是comfortably durable,而不应该一味追求new或者flesh,A正确。
3.[B]推理判断题。本题考查复合句的理解。第2段首句提到“时尚一年一年地变化,因此很多人可以赚大把的钱”,后面再具体说明商人是如何通过时尚 赚钱的。第2句表明,时尚业能使人们觉得需要某种东西,也就是选项B所说的。选项A在文中并无提及,选项C和D的陈述与本段的倒数第2句不符。
4.[C]推理判断题。第5段第2句中的logical表明作者认为科学家和历史学家的研究结果是可信的,有道理的,因此C为正确选项。虽然下面所举的两个例子看起来很有趣,但是作者重点不是为了说明这些研究结果的有趣程度,而是为了说明时尚的起因都是符合逻辑的。
5.[B]细节判断题。选项A和C分别在倒数第2段第3.4句提到,选项D在最后一段提到。只有选项B在文中没有提及。



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