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专四完形填空热身(11)

2014-10-08    来源:新东方    【      托福雅思口语高分过

专四完形填空热身(11)

Have you ever wondered what our future is like?Practically all people _1_ a desire to predict their future _2_.Most people seem inclined to _3_ this task using causal reasoning.First we _4_ recognize that future circumstances are _5_ caused or conditioned by present ones.We learn that getting an education will _6_ how much money we earn later and that swimming beyond the reef may bring an unhappy _7_ with a shark.

Second,people also learn that such _8_ of cause and effect are probabilistic(可能的) in nature.That is,the effects occur more often when the causes occur than when the causes are _9_, but not always.Thus,students learn that studying hard _10_ good grades in most instances,but not every time.Science makes these concepts of causality and probability more _11_ and provides techniques for dealing _12_ then more accurately than does causal human inquiry.In looking at ordinary human inquiry,we need to _13_ between prediction and understanding.Often,even if we don't understand why,we are willing to act _14_ the basis of a demonstrated predictive ability.

Whatever the primitive drives _15_ motivate human beings,satisfying them depends heavily on the ability to _16_ future circumstances.The attempt to predict is often played in a _17_ of knowledge and understanding.If you can understand why certain regular patterns _18_,you can predict better than if you simply observe those patterns.Thus,human inquiry aims _19_ answering both "what" and "why" question,and we pursue these _20_ by observing and figuring out.

1. [A]exhibit [B]exaggerate [C]examine [D]exceed

2. [A]contexts [B]circumstances [C]inspections [D]intuitions

3.[A]underestimate [B]undermine [C]undertake [D]undergo

4. [A]specially [B]particularly [C]always [D]generally

5. [A]somehow [B]somebody [C]someone [D]something

6. [A]enact [B]affect [C]reflect [D]inflect

7. [A]meeting [B]occurrence [C]encounter [D]contact

8. [A]patterns [B]designs [C]arrangements[D]pictures

9. [A]disappointde [B]absent [C]inadequate [D]absolute

10.[A]creates [B]produces [C]loses [D]protects

11.[A]obscure [B]indistinct [C]explicit [D]explosive

12.[A]for [B]at [C]in [D]with

13.[A]distinguish [B]distinct [C]distort [D]distract

14.[A]at [B]on [C]to [D]under

15.[A]why [B]how [C]that [D]where

16.[A]predict [B]produce [C]pretend [D]precede

17.[A]content [B]contact [C]contest [D]context

18.[A]happen [B]occur [C]occupy [D]incur

19.[A]at [B]on [C]to [D]beyond

20.[A]purposes [B]ambitions [C]drives [D]goals

答案:

1.A 词义辨析 exhibit"展出 ,表现",exaggerate"夸张",exceed"超越,胜过" 原句意为:实际上,人们会对未来的 生活怀有(展示出)一定的愿望。

2.B 词义辨析 context"上下文",circumstance"环境",inspection"检查,视察", intuition"直觉"

3.C 词义辨析 underestimate"低估",undermine"破坏",undertake"承担, 担任",undergo"经历,遭受"。undertake a task为常见搭配,意为"开始进行一项任 务"

4.D 词义辨析 选项C、D看似均可,但always显得有些武断。

5.A 篇章逻辑 somehow"不知何故,以某种方式"

6.B 词义辨析 enact"制定法律,颁布",inflect"弯曲"

7.C 词义辨析 encounter指没有事先计划的、未料到的、短暂的相遇

8.A 词义辨析 pattern模式,式样;design设计,图案;第一段中 提到过人们习惯用因果关系去推断,这是一种思考模式。

9.B 词义辨析 absent缺少的,不在的;inadequate不充分的;根据文中意思应选一个与 occur意思相反的词。

10.B 词义辨析 create创造 produce产生,得到。原句意为学生知道努力学习在大多数 情况下会得到高的分数。

11.C 词义辨析 obscure朦胧的,模糊的;indistinct不清楚的;explicit外在的,清楚 地;explosive爆炸的;原句意为:科学使因果性和可能性的观念变的更加清楚

12.D 短语搭配 deal in经营 eg:He deals in a small shop. deal with处理,安排

13.A 词义辨析 distinguish区别,辨别;distinct清楚地,明显的;distort扭曲,歪 曲;distract转移。distinguish between为常用搭配,意为"区别... 和..."

14.B 短语搭配 on the basis of以...为基础

15.C 语法结构 drive在此为名词,意为“动力”,空格后部分是对drive进行修饰,故 选关系代词that引导定语从句。

16.A 词义辨析 predict预言;pretend假装;precede在...之前

17.D 词义辨析 content内容;contact接触;contest争论,竞赛;context上下文 in the context of意为"在...情况下"

18.B 词义辨析 occur发生,出现;occupy占用,占领;incur招致

19.A 短语搭配 aim at瞄准,针对

20.D 词义辨析 purpose目的,以图;ambition野心;drive推动力;goal目的,目标。



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