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专四语法考点:非谓语动词

2015-03-26    来源:新东方    【      托福雅思口语高分过

2015专四语法考点:非谓语动词 

 

考点1:不定式 专四题中对于不定式用法的考察比较少,特别是近些年的考题几乎已经不考了。以前的考点基本集中在:

(1) 考察哪些动词接不定式;

(2) 考察哪些短语接不带to的不定式;

 1) can’t help/choose but do  不得不,只能,不禁 

 2) why not do sth

1. __Why not call on_____him tomorrow?2001

A. Why not to call on  B. Why don’t call on  C. Why not calling on  D. Why not call on

 3) would do rather than do

1.She said she would work it out herself, _rather than_____ ask me for help.1993

A.and not to   B.but not  C.and prefer not   D.rather than

(3) 考察短语"be believed/said to do sth"的用法;

1. The Minister of Finance is believed _to be thinking___ of imposing new taxes to raise extra revenue.2004

A. that he is thinking    B. to be thinkingC. that he is to think   D. to think

2. AIDS is said _to have been_____the number-one killer of both men and women over the past few years in the region.2002

A. being       B. to be      C. to have been     D. having been      

3. Professor Johnson is said _to have made___some significant advance in his research in the past year. 1999

A. having made   B. making   C. to have made   D. to make

(4)考察动词不定时的时态和语态:进行式to be doing, 完成式to have done;一般式被动语态to be done; 完成式被动语态to have been done。另外,不定式短语有将来时的意思;

 

考点2:动名词

(1)常接动名词做宾语的词:mind(介意), miss(逃过), mention(提及), prevent, postpone, practice, risk(冒险), resist(抵制), consider(考虑), admit(承认), avoid(避免), appreciate(感激), fancy(幻想), finish(完成),feel like(喜欢), escape(逃脱), ensure(确保) , delay(延迟), deny(否认), resent, detest, imagine(想象), suggest(建议)

1. In international matches, prestige is so important that the only thing that matters is to avoid__being beaten____. 1996

A. from being beaten    B. being beaten    C. beating  D. to be beaten

2. He resented _being asked _____to wait. He expected the minister _to see_____ him at once.1995

A. to be asked, to see  B. being asked, to see  C. to be asked, seeing  D. being asked, seeing

3.I never regretted __not accepting_____ offer, for it was not where my interest lay.1993

A.not to accept  B.not having accepted  C.having not accepted   D.not accepting

(2)介词后的ing:prevent/stop/keep sb /sth from doing 阻止…做…;spend/waste time /money in doing 在做…方面花钱、浪费时间或金钱;how /what about doing sth 做…怎么样了?;Have some difficulty/trouble in doing 在…方面有些困难;There is no sense in doing (做…是没有理由的);Thank / admire /praise/blame /scold/ punish sb for doing sth因做某事而感谢、羡慕、表扬、责备、惩罚某人

1. What a nice day! How about the three of us _taking____ a walk in the park nearby?2009

A. to take   B. take   C. taking   D. to be taking

2. Though her father never approved of _her going_____ to drama school, she became a well-known actress.1991

A. going     B. her to go   C. her going    D. her go

(3)接动名词做介词to 的宾语:apply oneself to致力于;be accustomed to习惯于;confess to供认;come to谈到;devote oneself to献身于;get down to着手做;give way to 对…让步;lead to导致;look forward to期待;next to几乎;object to反对;pay attention to注意;stick to坚持;stand up to勇敢面对;turn to求助于;be used to习惯于

1. What’s the chance of __there being______ a general election this year?2005

A. there being    B. there to be   C. there be       D. there going to be

2. The meeting was put off because we _objected to having_________ a meeting without John.2005

A. objected having   B. were objected to having  C. objected to have  D. objected to having

 

考点3:分词

(1)从语态上看,现在分词一般都表示主动,而过去分词一般表示被动;

(2)从时态上看,现在分词表示进行,过去分词表示过去。如果分词动作发生在句子谓语动词动作之前,分词用完成时。

(3)现在分词的否定形式是not放在分词之前。

1. _Not being tall____ should not become a serious disadvantage in life and work.2010/2001

A. To be not tall    B. Not being tall    C. Being not tall   D. Not to be tall

2. "The man preparing the documents is the firm's lawyer" has all the following possible meanings EXCEPT    . 2009

A. the man who has prepared the documents...   B. the man who has been preparing the documents...

C. the man who is preparing the documents...    D. the man who will prepare the documents...记住动名词不表示将来时态,所以will 等词一道的是不正确的

3. _Looked_____ at in this way, the situation does not seem so desperate.2007/2000

A. Looking     B. looked      C. Being looked    D. to look

4. If not _treated___ with the respect he feels due to him, Jack gets very ill-tempered and grumbles all the time.2004

A. being treated   B. treatedC. be treated   D. having been treated

5. _Not having obtained a ticket for the match_____, he can now only watch it on TV at home. 1998

A. Obtaining not a ticket for the match     B. Not obtaining a ticket for the match

C. Not having obtained a ticket for the match  D. Not obtained a ticket for the match

6. This may have preserved the elephant from being wiped out as well as other animals _hunted___ in Africa. 1996

A. hunted     B. hunting    C. that hunted     D. are hunted

7. He wasn’t asked to take on the chairmanship of the society, _being considered_____insufficiently poplar with all members.1996

A. having considered  B. was considered  C. was being considered  D. being considered     

8. He noticed the helicopter hovering over the field. Then to his astonishment, he saw a rope ladder_being thrown_____ out and three men climbing down it. 1995

A. throwing      B. being thrown     C. having thrown   D. having been thrown                       

9. This missile is designed so that once being fired____nothing can be done to retrieve it.1995

A. fired       B. being fired      C. they fired    D. having fired       

10. Arriving at the bus stop, _he found a lot of people____waiting there.1994

A. a lot of people were  B. he found a lot of people  C. a lot of people  D. people were found               

11. _Not having received____ regular training in nursing, she could hardly cope with the work at first.1994

A. Not received  B. Since receiving  C. Having received  D. Not having received

12. Born and raised in a fishing village____, he was chosen and trained as a professional swimmer. (1991)

A. He was born and raised in a fishing village     B. Born and raised in a fishing village

C. That he was born and raised in a fishing village  D. In addition to he was born and raised in a fishing village

13. _Having packed _____ their luggage , the group of tourists hurried to the airport.1991

A. Packed  B. After packed  C. Finished packing  D. Having packed

14. The mother was afraid to let the boy_risk climbing__ the tree.1990

A. to risk climbing       B. risk climbing   C. to risk to climb     D. risk to climb

15. Mr. Brown had the report       typed   as soon as he finished_writing__ it.1990

A. to be typed, to write     B. typed, to write     C. being typed, writing             D. typed, writing

 

考点4:独立主格(句中没有连接词,逗号分开两个句子,存在两个主语。形式:名词/代词+分词)。

(1) 分词短语作状语时,有自己独立的逻辑上的“主语”,相当于各种形式的状语,表示一种伴随的动作、情况或表原因

(2) 介词(with)+名词+形容词,副词+分词,表示伴随行动做或补充说明

1. Agriculture is the country’s chief source of wealth, wheat _being _____ by far the biggest cereal crop.2003

A. is       B. been        C. be         D. being      

2. Time _permitting_____, the celebration will be held as scheduled.2003

A. permit    B. permitting   C. permitted    D. permits     

3. There _being___ nothing more for discussion, the meeting came to an end half an hour earlier.2000

A. to be     B. to have been     C. being        D. be 

4. _ There_being___ no cause for alarm, the old man went back to his bedroom.1996

A. There was     B. Since    C. Being      D. There being      

5. The country’s chief exports are coal, cars and cotton goods, cars _being_____the most important of these. 1994

A. have been    B. are     C. being     D. are being

6. The tape recorder_being__ out of order,the students did not know what to do.1990

A. was   B. Being    C. has been  D. was being   

*动词不定时与现在分词的否定形式是not放在to和分词之前。

*非谓语动词解题三步曲:一、首先确定主句;二、分析主动被动;三、分析动作先后

(新东方)



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