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专四语法考点:状语从句

2015-03-27    来源:新东方    【      托福雅思口语高分过

2015专四语法考点:状语从句

考点1:时间状语从句
连接词:when, while, as, till/until, before, after, since, once, as soon as, every time, the moment, the minute, no sooner ..than hardly…when等
(1)  whenever
1. Come and see me whenever _it is convenient to you____. (1997)
A. you are convenient  B. you will be convenient  C. it is convenient to you   D. it will be convenient to you

(2)  No sooner than/ hardly ..when/ scarcely..when 一 .就..用于句首要求倒装
1. The couple had no sooner got to the station _than____ the coach left.2009
A. when B. as C. until D. Than

(3) 其它
1. I enjoyed myself so much _when___ I visited my friends in Paris last year. 2008
A. when   B. which   C. that   D. where

2.When __ the Atlantic Ocean cross the equator, the trade winds cause a flow of water to the west. (1991)
A. That     B. When    C. Where    D. Though

考点2:条件状语从句
连接词:if , unless so/as long as, on condition that(条件是),as (so) far as (据..所知), provided that(要是,如果),in case(假使,如果),only if(只有)等

(2) only if只有
1._Only if ___ both sides accept the agreement _will___ a lasting peace be established in this region.2004
A. Only if, will   B. If only, wouldC. Should, will  D. Unless, would

(3) unless 除非
1. You won’t get a loan _unless_____ you can offer some security.1996
A. lest         B. in case      C. unless          D. other than

2. Unless___ I was very much mistaken, there was something wrong with Louise. 1995
A. Unless   B. As   C. Though    D. Since

3. _Unless____ their policy can be changed the future for that country will be indeed bleak. (1993)
A. Even if      B. Unless     C. Now that     D. As long as

4. We could go to a concert _unless____ you’d prefer to visit a museum. (1992)
A. if      B. because     C. unless    D. since

考点3:原因状语从句
连接词:Because, since, as (放句首) , for, now that(既然,由于), when(既然), considering that(顾及到---), seeing that(由于)。(都表示原因,语气依次减弱)
(1) in that=because
1. Men differ from animals _in that___ they can think and speak.2008
A. for which B. for that C. in that D. in which

2. Barry has an advantage over his mother _in that___ he could speak French. (2001)
A. since that    B. in that    C. at that    D. so that

考点4:让步状语从句
连接词:though, although, as, even if/though, whatever, however, wherever, while等引导。
(1) while 尽管
1. _While_____I sympathize, I can’t really do very much to help them out of the difficulties. 2001
A. as long as     B. as     C. while     D. even

(2) as/though引导让步状从倒装
As/though引导让步状语从句时,必须将表语、状语或动词原形提到as前面。此时应注意:一、若提前的表语是没有形容词修饰的单数可数名词,要省略不定冠词;二、若提前的是动词原形(多为不及物动词),与之连用的通常是may, might, will, would等,这些词都要保留在原来的位置上(主语后)。
三、as引导的让步状语从句一定要倒装,though引导的让步状语从句不一定要倒装,although引导的让步状语从句不要倒装。四、让步状语从句中,有though,although时,后面的主句不能有but,但是 though 和yet可连用。
1. Fool __as__ Jerry is, he could not have done such a thing.2010/2002
A. who    B. as      C. like    D. that

2. __dull he may be, he is certainly a very successful top executive.2006
A. Although   B. whatever    C. As     D. However

3. _Although he is a socialist________, Mr. Wells is scarcely in sympathy with the working class.2005
A. Although he is a socialist   B. Even if he is a socialist  C. Being a socialist   D. Since he is a socialist

4. David Singer, my friend’s father, though___raised and educated in New York, lived and lectured in Africa most of his life. 1993
A.who    B.if     C.while    D.though

(3) much as 虽然,尽管
1. Much as____ he wanted to go out with his friends at the weekend, he had to stay behind to finish his assignment.2008
A. Much though   B. Much as   C. As much   D. Though much

2.  Much as_______I like economics I like sociology much better.2003
A. As much as     B. So much      C. How much     D. Much as

3. Much as____ he needed money for a new car, he decided not to borrow it from the bank. (1998)
A. Much as     B. Much though    C. As much    D. though much

(4) for all+n 尽管    
1. _For all his notable contributions____, he is ready to accept suggestions from different sources. (1997)
A. Instead of his contributions   B. For all his notable contributions  C. His making notable contributions   D. However his notable contributions

(5) however+adj./adv.
1. However hard the task is____ he always tries his best to complete it on time. (1999)
A. However the task is hard     B. However hard the task is
C. Though hard the task is      D. Though hard is the task

考点5:地点状语从句: where/ wherever(wherever --- 无论哪里)
考点聚焦:地点状语从句和where定语从句的区别:
Tips: 判断是定语从句还是地点状语从句,要看从句前是否有先行词,有先行词的是定语从句,否则是状语从句。


考点6:方式状语从句
1. She did her work _as____her manager had instructed. 2002
A. as           B. until         C. when          D. though

考点7:结果状语从句
连接词:so that (=in order to), so…that, such…that(太…以至于)
(1) so much as that 到这样程度以致…
1. -----Does Alan like limburgers?2003
  -----Yes. So much __as____ that he eats them every day.
A. for          B. as           C. to         D. so

(2) such that达到这样的程度以致
1. The brilliance of his satires was _such that____make even his victims laugh.  1996
A. so as to      B. such as to     C. so that     D. such that

考点8:目的状语从句
连接词:so that, in order that, for fear that(为了防止), lest(以防)
1. Loudspeakers were fixed in the hall so that everyone_may have_ an opportunity to hear the speech.2006
A. ought to have   B. must have   C. may have   D. should have
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