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专四语法考点:倒装句

2015-03-31    来源:新东方    【      托福雅思口语高分过

考点1:全部倒装
(1) 在以out, in, along, then, now, up, down, away, here, there 等副词开头的句子里。
(2) 表示地点的介词短语位于句首时。

考点2:部分倒装
(1) Only+状语位于句首时

(2) 否定副词及短语位于句首时。
常考的词或词语有not, seldom, hardly, little, nowhere, by no means, in no time等。

1. Little _did she care____ about her own safety, though she herself was in great danger.2009
A. she cared    B. she may care    C. may she care    D. did she care

2. On no account _would I ___ borrow money from friends, and still less_would I be__dependent on the favors of rich relatives.(1990)
A. I would, I would be  B. would I, I would be  C. would I, would I be  D. I would, would I be

(3) 副词位于句首时,句子可部分倒装,也可不用。
1. Stealthily the girl crept   out of the room.2004
A. The girl crept  B. Crept the girl  C. Did the girl crept  D. Creeps the girl

(4) so\ neither\ nor 位于句首时。
1. So +助动词+主语:…也一样。

2. So +主语+助动词:…确实如此。承前肯定so只能指定一件事情,两件事情用so it is(the same) with sb
1. It is going to be fine tomorrow. _so it is______.2009
A. So is it.   B. So it is.    C. So it does.   D. So does it.

3. Neither 和 Nor 用于否定句,表示“ 也不,也没有”。Neither\ Nor +助动词+主语
1. He is not under arrest, _nor have the police placed____ any restriction on him. (1995)
A. or the police have placed      B. or have the police placed 
C. nor the police have placed     D. nor have the police placed

(5) 在“so + adj./adv. + that…”句式中,将“so + adj./adv. ”放在句首时的倒装。
1. So badly _was he injured____ in the car accident that he had to stay in hospital for a few months. (1994)
A. did he injure      B. injured him     C. was he injured    D. he was injured

(6) not only … but also…; not...until 句式的倒装(前倒后不倒)
1. Not until a monkey is several years old_does it begin_  to exhibit signs of independence from its mother. (1991)
A. it does begin    B. when it begins     C. does it begin     D. before it begins
(新东方)



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