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专四语法考点:反义疑问句

2015-04-01    来源:新东方    【      托福雅思口语高分过

1) 反义疑问句的人称
(1) 陈述部分主语是"I"时,附加问句的人称分二种情况:
A. I hope that…, don't you? I can't believe it, can you?
B. I will be 14 tomorrow, aren't I? I am interested in it, aren't I?
(2) 陈述部分主语是everything、nothing、something等时看作单数,附加问句用it指代。
(3) 陈述部分主语是everyone、everybody、nobody、somebody、someone、no one 、anybody、any one等时看作复数,附加问句用they指代。
(4) 陈述部分主语是不定代词 one时,附加问句用one指代。
1. You and I could hardly understand, _could we_____?1995
A. could I     B. couldn’t you   C. couldn’t we     D. could we

2) 情态动词:
(1) 反意疑问句的陈述部分谓语有have to时,附加疑问句通常用助动词do。
(2) 反意疑问句的陈述部分谓语有need时,need做情态动词,附加疑问句仍用need,need做实义动词时,附加问句用助动词do。
(3) 反意疑问句的陈述部分为had better时,附加问用助动词had。
(4) 反意疑问句的陈述部分为would rather时,附加问句用情态动词would
(5) 反意疑问句的陈述部分为used to时,附加问句用助动词did。
1. There used to be a petrol station near the park,  did not there__?2006
A. didn’t it   B. doesn’t there   C. usedn’t it?   D. didn’t there
(6) 反意疑问句的陈述部分为ought to时,附加问句用助动词should.
(7) 陈述部分的谓语是wish,疑问部分要用may +主语 I wish to have a word with you, may I?
(8) must在表示"推测"时,根据其推测的情况来确定反意疑问句:
A. must do—mustn't                               
B. must be—随人称用系动词一般现在时
C. must have done—didn't/haven't
(9) 反意疑问句的陈述部分是wish时,附加问句用情态动词may。

3) 祈使句的反义疑问句:
(1) do..., don't...?; don't..., do...,?
1. When you have finished with that book, don't forget to put it back on my desk, _will you____?2008/1998
A. do you   B. don't you   C. will you   D. won't you
2. Do help yourself to some fruit, wonot______you?2000
A. can’t        B. don’t       C. wouldn’t        D. won’t
3. When you have finished with that video tape, don't forget to put it in my drawer, _do you_______?1997
A. do you   B. will you   C. don' t you   D. won' t you
(2) Let's 和let us后面的附加问句,分两种情况;
A. let's包括对方在内,用shall we 或shan't we。
B. let us不包括对方在内,用will you 或won't you。

4) 陈述部分用 no, nothing, nobody, never, few, seldom, hardly, rarely, little等否定含义的词时,疑问部分用肯定含义。
1. She seldom goes to the theatre, does she_____?2010
A. doesn't she        B. does she      C. would she    D. wouldn't she

5) 否定前缀不能视为否定词,其反意疑问句仍用否定形式

6) 复合句的反疑疑问句
(1) 带有定语从句,宾语从句的主从复合句,疑问部分谓语根据主句的谓语而定
1. She would have been more agreeable if she had changed a little bit, would not she______?2003
A. hadn’t she    B. hasn’t she    C. wouldn’t she   D. didn’t she
(2) 上述部分主句谓语是I /we think, believe, expect, suppose, imagine 等引导的宾语从句,疑问部分与宾语从句相对应构成反意疑问句:前肯定句,后用否定句;前有否定句,后面附加问句用肯定(I don't think)。 

7) There+be句型的反意疑问句,附加问句用be there/be not there,由主语人称时态和数决定。
(新东方)



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