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专四语法考点:形容词比较级和比较结构

2015-04-02    来源:新东方    【      托福雅思口语高分过

考点1:原级比较一般结构as … as ; not as … as ; the same … as ;
1. There are as good fish in the sea __as___ ever came out of it.2007
A. than B. like C. as D. so

考点2:A is to B what / as X is Y ;
1. Nine is to three _what____ three is to one.2008
A. when B. that C. which D. what
2. Intellect is to the mind _what___ sight is to the body. (2001)
A. what B. as C. that D. Like
3. Twelve is to three whatfour is to one.1998
A. what B. As C. That D. like

考点3:倍数或几分之几
“A + be + X times + as + 计量形容词原级 + as + B”。
“A + be + X times + 计量形容词比较级 + than + B ”
“A + be + X times + the + 计量名词 + of + B
“The + 计量名词 + of + A + be + X times + that + of + B ”
1. A new laptop costs about _there times the price____ of a second-hand one. 2009
A. the price of three times B. three times the price
C. as much as the three times price D. three times more than the price
2. The square itself is five hundred yards wide, five times _/___ the size of St. Peter's in Rome.2008
A. / B. that of C. which isD. of
3. Some dieters find that after their dieting is over, they eat twice __as much as_____ they did before their diet. 1993
A.more than B.as many as C.much than D.as much as
4. A person's blood flows through a pipeline of vessels that, end to end, would stretch more than__two and a____ half times around the Earth at the equator.1991
A. twice B. two and a C. two and D. twice and

考点4:
(1) more than “不仅是,非常,十分”等,用法和意义较多。
1. It was _a success than___ we had hoped.2006
A. more a success than B. a success more thanC. as much of a success as D. a success as much as
(2) more …than “与其说……不如说,不是……而是”
1. Do you know Tim’s brother? He is _more of a sportsman___than Tim2005.
A. much more sportsman B. more of a sportsman C. more of sportsman D. more a sportsman
(3) no more than 仅仅;两者都不
1. Fat cannot change into muscle _any more than_____muscle changes into fat.1999
A. any more than B. no more than C. no less thanD. much more than
(4) not more than 不超过;前者不如后者
1. Overpopulation poses a terrible threat to the human race. Yet it is probably _not more____a threat to the human race than environmental destruction.2007
A. no more B. not more C. even more D. much more
(5) no less than = as much as 意为:“竟有…之多,多达”强调多
(6) not less than 意为“不少于,至少”,客观地描述
1. John is__no less____ hardworking than his sister, but he failed in the exam.1998
A. no less B. no more C. not less D. no so
(7) no less … than 前后均为肯定,含有惊奇的感情色彩:“是…是,正是,和…一样,多达,应有…之多”
(8) hardly more than“仅仅”。

考点5:在more … than 结构中,than 有时可看作关系代词,相当于than what…
1. The research requires more money than _has been put in______. 2007
A. have been put in B. has been put in C. being put in D. to be put in
2. There ought to be less anxiety over the perceived risk of mountain climbing than _exists_______ in the public mind today.1999
A. Exists B. Exist C. ExistingD. to exist
3. Western Nebraska generally receives less snow than _does____Eastern Nebraska.1996
A. in B. it receives in C. does D. it does in

考点6:so much as用在否定句中:与其说,不如说
1. It is not _so___ much the language as the background that makes the book difficult to understand.2007
A. that B. as C. so D. very
2. That trumpet player was certainly loud. But I wasn’t bothered by his loudness _so much as ___ by his lack of talent.2004
A. so much as B. rather than C. as D. than
3. It is not so much the language _as_____the cultural background that makes the book difficult to understand.1999
A. but B. nor C. as D. like

考点7:no other than 只有,正是。它常用来加强语气,多用于书面语。

考点8:no better than 和……一样,实际上等于(practically the same as)

考点9:better …than 与其说……倒不如说。

考点10:more likely … than 比较结构

考点11:other than意思是:不同于,除……之外;rather than意思是:而不是。

考点12:其它
1. Of______ the two, Bob is _the more diligent____ student.1995
A. Of, more diligent B. In, more diligent C. Of, the more diligent D. In, the more diligent
2. Mary is _a more experienced teacher____ than Alice.1992
A. more experienced a teacher B. a more experienced teacher
C. more an experienced teacher D. more experienced teacher
3. The salary of a skilled worker is much higher _than that of a teacher_____1991
A. than that of a teacher B. than a teacher C. in comparison with a teacher D. when compared to a teacher
(新东方)



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