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巴西值得去看的20处风光

2016-08-12    来源:中国日报网英语点津    【      托福雅思口语高分过

 巴西无疑是目前世界上最为瞩目的国家,因为奥运会正在里约激烈展开着,如果你正在这里,小编给大家推荐一些地方,闲暇时你可以去看一看~

 

 

 

 

1.Mount Roraima 罗赖马山

 

人文知识

Mount Roraima 罗赖马山

Mount Roraima 罗赖马山

 

Mount Roraima straddles the border between Brazil, Guyana and Venezuela. Its rock formations, rivers and waterfalls are said to have inspired Sir Arthur Conan Doyle's book, "The Lost World." More recently, Mount Roraima served as inspiration for a location in Disney/Pixar's "Up." The trip up Roraima can take seven to 10 days, but the return hike takes two and hikers are rewarded with waterfall baths along the way.

罗赖马山位于巴西、圭亚那和委内瑞拉三国的交界处。据说阿瑟?柯南?道尔创作《失落的世界》的灵感就来自于这里的岩层、河流和瀑布。往更近的说,罗赖马山也是迪士尼/皮克斯作品《飞屋环游记》中某一处地点的创作源泉。爬上罗赖马山需要七到十天,但是回程只需要两天,在回去的途中登山者还能够享受瀑布的洗礼。

 

2.CanoaQuebrada 卡诺阿克布拉达沙滩

 

人文知识

CanoaQuebrada 卡诺阿克布拉达沙滩

CanoaQuebrada 卡诺阿克布拉达沙滩

 

The popular dunes and beaches of CanoaQuebrada are a two-and-half-hour drive southeast of Fortaleza, the capital of Ceará state in northeastern Brazil. Many locals still work as fishermen on traditional "jangada" boats. A 30-minute ride in a wooden fishing raft costs around $5.

卡诺阿克布拉达距离巴西东北部阿拉州首府福塔雷萨的东南部有两个半小时的车程,它以沙丘和沙滩闻名。许多当地人仍旧以在传统的帆木筏上捕鱼为生。乘坐木筏30分钟,花费5美元。

 

3. Iguazu Falls 伊瓜苏瀑布

 

人文知识

Iguazu Falls 伊瓜苏瀑布

Iguazu Falls 伊瓜苏瀑布

 

The Iguazu Falls are made up of more than 270 smaller individual waterfalls, most of which, including Devil's Throat, are on the Argentine side. From the tourist walkways on the Brazilian side, in Brazil's Iguazu National Park, you get fantastic, though not entirely spray-free, panoramic views.

伊瓜苏瀑布由270多座更小的独立瀑布组成,包括魔鬼喉的大部分都在阿根廷境内。从巴西伊瓜苏国家公园里的游客通道望过去,如练飞瀑,一览无余,但可能逃不过飞溅的水花。

 

4. Fortaleza 福塔雷萨

 

人文知识

Fortaleza 福塔雷萨

Fortaleza 福塔雷萨

 

On the northeast coast of Brazil, the capital of Ceará state is well known for lobster and fresh seafood. Fortaleza's urban beaches are great for windsurfing and sailing.

福塔雷萨是巴西东北部海岸的塞阿拉州首府,它以龙虾和鲜活的海鲜闻名于世。其城中海滩特别适宜帆板运动和航行。

 

5. Pelourinho 佩洛尼奥

 

人文知识

Pelourinho 佩洛尼奥

Pelourinho 佩洛尼奥

 

Pelourinho is the historic center of the city of Salvador in Bahia state. Its photogenic streets feature brightly colored buildings, many with stucco facades. The colonial city is a convergence of European, African and indigenous cultures.

佩洛尼奥位于巴伊亚州萨尔瓦多市,是该地的历史名胜中心。街道上色彩鲜明的建筑物格外耀眼,且大多都用灰泥粉刷,拍出照片很美。这座殖民城市集欧洲、非洲以及土著文化于一体。

 

 

6. Tangua Park 唐果阿公园

 

人文知识

Tangua Park 唐果阿公园

Tangua Park 唐果阿公园

 

Formerly a rubble recycling plant and a site for the disposal of industrial waste, Tangua Park was regenerated last decade and now has a jogging track, bike path and waterfall and is a popular tourist attraction.

它过去曾经是碎石回收工厂以及工业废弃物处理点,但是过去十年它重获新生,现在拥有了一个慢跑小道,自行车道和瀑布,俨然已是十分受欢迎的旅游景点。

 

7. Botanical Garden of Curitiba 库里奇巴植物园

 

人文知识

Botanical Garden of Curitiba 库里奇巴植物园

Botanical Garden of Curitiba 库里奇巴植物园

 

The path leading to this impressive greenhouse -- flanked by thousands of flowers -- is just as beautiful as the plants within the glass and iron structure. At the Jardim das Sensacoes, visitors can be blindfolded to experience the textures and aromas of plants in a more concentrated and novel fashion.

通往这座迷人温室的小道上种满了成千上万朵鲜花,它们与室内的植物一样娇艳美丽。在Jardim das Sensacoes,游客可以被蒙上双眼,以一种更加专注和新鲜的方式去体验植物的质地与芳香。

 

8. Jalapao State Park 州立公园

 

人文知识
州立公园

8. Jalapao State Park 州立公园

Jalapao State Park 州立公园

 

The combination of plains, golden dunes, rivers and waterfalls makes Jalapao State Park a favorite with adventurers. After rafting in the Novo River rapids you can swim by the emerald Formiga Waterfall, enjoying the park's relatively untouched wilderness.

平原、金色沙丘、河流、瀑布的集合使州立公园成为探险者的最爱。在诺瓦河的激流中漂流过后,你能够在好似翡翠的富米加瀑布里游泳,边游边欣赏这座公园中相对无垠的荒野。

 

9. Amazon rainforest 亚马逊雨林

 

人文知识

Amazon rainforest 亚马逊雨林

Amazon rainforest 亚马逊雨林

 

With a little luck, you can spot jaguars, pink dolphins and giant otters at the Amazon rainforest, the world's largest and most biodiverse natural reserve. Just bring strong mosquito repellant.

在热带雨林中,如果幸运的话,你可以亲眼目睹美洲虎、粉色海豚和巨獭。这里是世界上最大也是物种最为多样化的自然保护区。不过记得带上强力驱蚊剂。

 

10. Dunas de Genipabu 热尼帕布沙丘

 

Dunas de Genipabu 热尼帕布沙丘

Dunas de Genipabu 热尼帕布沙丘

 

A 15-minute drive north of Natal, the capital of Rio Grande do Norte state, Genipabu is best known for the buggy and camel rides available within the dunes and lagoons. The dunes are always changing, shaped and carved by strong winds along the Rio Grand do Norte coastline. One of the popular local pastimes is "esquibunda," which involves sliding down the dunes on a wooden board.

从北里奥格兰德州首府纳塔尔向北经过15分钟的车程,便可到达热尼帕布沙丘,在这里的沙丘和泻湖中开车和骑骆驼是很有名的旅游项目。这些沙丘被北里奥格兰德州海岸线的劲风塑形和雕刻,处于不断的变化之中。"esquibunda"是当地有名的娱乐活动,即人们坐着木板从沙丘上滑下来。

 

 

11. Imperial Museum of Brazil 巴西皇宫博物馆

 

人文知识

Imperial Museum of Brazil 巴西皇宫博物馆

Imperial Museum of Brazil 巴西皇宫博物馆

 

The former summer palace in the middle of Petrópolis was built in the mid-1800s. Displays include the Brazilian Imperial Crown and Imperial Carriage. The museum is an hour's drive (70 kilometers) from Rio de Janeiro's city center and is one of Brazil's most popular museums with an average of 300,000 visitors a year.

其前身是佩特罗波利斯中部的一座避暑宫殿,建造于19世纪中期。这里展出着巴西帝国的皇冠和皇家马车。这所博物馆距离里约热内卢市中心一小时(70公里)的车程,它也是巴西最著名的博物馆之一,平均每年有30万名参观者。

 

12. Oscar Niemeyer Museum 奥斯卡尼迈耶博物馆

 

人文知识

Oscar Niemeyer Museum 奥斯卡尼迈耶博物馆

Oscar Niemeyer Museum 奥斯卡尼迈耶博物馆

 

Oscar Neimeyer was 95 years old when he completed the Museum of the Eye. The museum focuses on art, architecture and design. Popularly known as "The Eye," the tower has four floors of exhibition space.

奥斯卡?尼迈耶设计完成这座眼睛博物馆时,他已是95岁高龄。这座博物馆聚焦于艺术、建筑和设计。大家都称它为“眼睛”,这座塔有四层展出的空间。

 

13. GrutadoLago Azul 蓝湖洞

 

人文知识

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GrutadoLago Azul 蓝湖洞

 

The "Blue Lake Grotto" is part of one of the world's largest flooded cavities. Its blue waters extend more than 200 feet deep. The mysterious source of the lake is believed to be an underground river that has yet to be located. The grotto is rich with prehistoric treasures. A Franco-Brazilian expedition in 1992 uncovered thousands of prehistoric animal bones, including saber-tooth tigers and giant sloths.

“蓝湖洞”是世界上最大洪水洞的一部分。它蓝色的湖水延伸到200多英尺深。据说,湖水的神秘源头是还未确定明确方位的地下河。石窟中藏有丰富的史前宝藏。1992年,一支法国和巴西的联合探险队在这发现了成千上万副包括剑齿虎和大树獭在内的动物骨骼。

 

14. Fernando de Noronha 费尔南多迪诺罗尼亚岛

 

人文知识

Fernando de Noronha 费尔南多迪诺罗尼亚岛

Fernando de Noronha 费尔南多迪诺罗尼亚岛

 

Located 354 kilometers off the coast of Brazil's northeast state of Pernambuco, the island of Fernando de Noronha is a sea turtle and spinner dolphin sanctuary. The archipelago has some of the best diving and surfing in Brazil. To preserve the area's ecology, fewer than 500 visitors are allowed per day and a small Environmental Preservation Tax is required.

费尔南多?迪诺罗尼亚岛是海龟和飞旋海豚保护区,位于距巴西东北伯南布哥州354公里远的地方。这个群岛上有巴西最适宜潜水和冲浪的地方。为了保护该地区的生态环境,当地规定每天接待的参观者不能超过500人,而且他们还要支付小额环境保护税。

 

15. Sao Miguel das Missoes 圣米格尔杜斯米索纳斯

 

人文知识

Sao Miguel das Missoes 圣米格尔杜斯米索纳斯

Sao Miguel das Missoes 圣米格尔杜斯米索纳斯

 

A tour down the Rota das Missoes (Mission Route) means stepping back to the early decades of the 17th century to recall the work of the priests of Companhia de Jesus in their mission to evangelize natives in the south of the country. The Jesuit mission's cathedral dates to the mid-1700s and was built over a span of 10 years by hundreds of indigenous Guarani people.

沿着杜斯米索纳斯(任务之路)的游览就好像重返17世纪初。让人回想起耶稣会神父们在国家南部向土著居民传教的情景。耶稣会的大教堂可追溯到18世纪中叶,它是由数百名瓜拉尼土著居民用十多年的时间建造而成的。

 16. Bento Goncalves 本托共萨维斯

 

人文知识

Bento Goncalves 本托共萨维斯

Bento Goncalves 本托共萨维斯

 

Surrounded by hills, valleys and rivers, 24 municipalities make up the Grape and Wine Route in the south of Brazil. Wineries, cantinas, boutique restaurants, craft shops, art studios and small cheese and other regional food production facilities are scattered along the rural routes in the area. Bento Goncalves' love of wine and food stems from its history as one of the centers of Italian immigration into Brazil in the 19th century.

这条被山丘、峡谷和河流包围的葡萄和葡萄酒之路位于巴西南部,由24个自治市组成。酿酒厂、酒吧、精品餐厅、工艺品店、艺术工作室、小芝士以及其它当地食品制作工厂散布在该地区乡间小路两侧。在19世纪,本托共萨维斯成为了大批意大利移民涌入的中心,这也是它喜爱葡萄酒与美食的历史渊源。

 

17. ElevadorLacerda 拉塞达观光电梯

 

人文知识

ElevadorLacerda 拉塞达观光电梯

ElevadorLacerda 拉塞达观光电梯

 

The elevator connecting Cidade Alta (Upper Town) and CidadeBaixa (Lower Town) in Salvador, Bahia, was the first to be installed in Brazil, in 1873. The original two-car elevator was given an art deco makeover in 1930. The restored and now four-cabin elevator provides the 22-second trip for around 10 cents.

这部电梯最早安装于1873年,连接了在巴伊亚州萨尔瓦多市的Cidade Alta(上镇)和CidadeBaixa(下镇)。这个最初有两个井道的电梯在1930年经历了装饰艺术改造。这部翻修过的电梯如今拥有了四个通道,参观者需要为这22秒的游览付费10美分。

 

18. Cathedral of Brasilia 巴西利亚大教堂

 

人文知识

Cathedral of Brasilia 巴西利亚大教堂

Cathedral of Brasilia 巴西利亚大教堂

 

Another marvel by Oscar Niemeyer, the 40-meter-high Cathedral of Brasilia and its suspended angels are bathed with natural light shining through the stained glass. The circular structure has glass ceilings that start at the floor, supported by 16 curved columns. The cathedral can hold up to 4,000 people.

这是奥斯卡?尼迈耶的另一个杰作,它高40米,悬挂着的天使沐浴着从彩色玻璃摄入的自然光线。这个圆形建筑的玻璃穹顶从地面开始延伸,由16根弯曲的支柱支撑。它最多能容纳4000人。

 

19. ChapadaDiamantina National Park 迪亚曼蒂那国家公园

 

 

人文知识

 

ChapadaDiamantina National Park 迪亚曼蒂那国家公园

ChapadaDiamantina National Park 迪亚曼蒂那国家公园

 

ChapadaDiamantina in the state of Bahia is one of the country's richest bio regions. Originally home to indigenous Maracás Indians, the area was flooded by explorers in the 1700s looking for gold and, later, diamonds. Today, the area is home to around 50 species of orchids, giant anteaters, wild cats and armadillos, as well as diverse flora and numerous birds and snakes.

迪亚曼蒂那位于巴伊亚州,是巴西物种最为丰富的地区。它原本是土著玛拉卡斯印第安人的家园,18世纪,这儿涌入了搜寻金子、到后来找寻钻石的探险家。如今,该地区是约50种兰花、食蚁兽、野猫、犰狳,各种植物群落和许许多多鸟类、蛇类的家园。

 

20. Porto de Galinhas 波尔图嘎林海斯沙滩

 

人文知识

Porto de Galinhas 波尔图嘎林海斯沙滩

Porto de Galinhas 波尔图嘎林海斯沙滩

 

Often nominated as one of the most beautiful beaches in Brazil, Porto de Galinhas has pools of warm, clear water great for swimming and free diving, often with loggerhead turtles. At low tide, you can take trips on "jangada" boats to see schools of fish among the coral reefs. Porto de Galinhas is a one-hour drive south of Recife.

波尔图嘎林海斯沙滩向来被誉为巴西最美的海滩之一,它拥有着温暖的湖泊、适宜游泳和自由潜水的纯净水质,还经常有红海龟出入其中。在退潮时,你可以搭乘木船观赏珊瑚礁中成群结队的小鱼。波尔图嘎林海斯沙滩距离累西腓港口南部约一个小时的车程。

 

 



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