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专八改错集训营(101)

2014-05-09    来源:网络    【      托福雅思口语高分过

It is convenient to distinguish between nonverbal and verbal communication, just as is to distinguish between decoding (1)____and encoding processes, but such distinctions can be misled. (2)____ COMMUNICATION is a system, simultaneously engaging in encoding and decoding processes. (3)____ In social settings,  we only occasionally speak,  but we cannot " not behave" To understand nonverbal communication it is necessary to appreciate the interdependence of the verbal and  nonverbal components of simultaneous encoding and decoding processes. An example of this interdependence may have seen in the cognitive processes directing verbal and nonverbal behavior. (4)____ Both  encoding and decoding can vary from being automatic to reflective and deliberate, (5)____ but verbal communication is typically more deliberately and cognitively demanding than nonverbal communication. (6)____ Furthermore, if we assume that there are limited cognitive resources available for encoding and decoding verbal and nonverbal components, then altering the cognitive demands on any one process can affect  other processes and the course of communication.(7)____

In general, to the extent that nonverbal processes require less cognitive resources than verbal processes do, nonverbal communication is more resilient than verbal communication.(8)____ Moreover, specific interpersonal goals can make the encoding of nonverbal behavior (e.g., a difficult impression management task) and the decoding of nonverbal behavior (e.g., looking for evidence of deception) less automatic and more cognitively demanding.(9)____ Understand  the  dynamic  relationships  between  encoding  and decoding aspects of verbal and nonverbal behavior is a critical step in understanding the broader communicative process.(10)____
文章大意
本文讨论的是语言交际与非语言交际的区别。区分语言交际和非语言交际就像分辨解码和编码过程一样很方便,但此类区分可能让人误解。交际是一个系统,解码和编码两个过程同时存在。在交际场合,我们只是有时说话,但是我们不能不用动作表现。为了理解非语言交际,有必要了解语言交际和非语言交际同时编码和解码过程的组成部分之间的互相依存关系。理解二者之间的动态关系是理解更广泛的交际过程关键的一步。
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