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专八改错集训营(102)

2014-05-09    来源:网络    【      托福雅思口语高分过

In an effort to explain how most of language, which is not so directly relatable to meaning, derived from an onomatopoeic beginning, the discipline of etymology began. Through studying the derivational history of words (etymology) the naturalists tended to demonstrate (1) ____ that the origin of all of language was ultimately relatable to words which directly reflected the meanings of their referents.
The first philosophical forum on language eventually was developed into a discussion on the regularity of language patterns.(2)____ Two basic theoretical positions merged as (3)____explanatory frameworks for language, that which opted for irregularity and that which insisted that language was essentially regular. From the pre-eminence of latter(4)____ position it became popular to explain the
irregularities of language on the basis language somehow became corrupted (5)____with
(6)___proper usage through time; this theoretical position regarded
the older forms of language to be the pure forms. _(7)____
By the Nineteenth Century there was a severe reaction to the highly speculative nature of the philosophizing about the original language of man which had characterized much of the study of language up until then. The interest was still historical, and the goal was not so idealistic.(8)____ It was a romantic era of a rediscovery of the national past; the mother tongues of nations and families of nations rather than the mother tongue of the whole human race became the focus of attention.  The romantic nationalism was a definite influence, but perhaps a more basic cause of the more real goal was the reaction(9)____
 to previously unscientific speculations. (10)____
文章大意
本文讨论的是语言的起源。为了解释语言是由模拟自然界的声音开始的,词源学诞生了。通过研究词的起源,博物学家试图证明语言的起源与那些直接反映其所指物意义的词相关。第一个语言哲学论坛最终演变成对语言形式规则性的讨论,产生了语言是不规则的和规则的两大理论观点。19世纪人们对人类语言起源高度推测性的理论研究产生了强烈的反应,人们重新探索国家的过去、关注国家的母语,而不是整个人类的母语。
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