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专八改错集训营(103)

2014-05-12    来源:网络    【      托福雅思口语高分过

Schools throughout the world are experiencing a period of rapid change and, in many cases, are finding that extremely difficult to achieve a balance among a number of critical concerns.(1)____ Some of the issues that educators and schools
are facing include certainty about what academic (2)___and cultural knowledge and skills will be needed by students in the future, wholesale revisions of curricula  experimentation in teaching strategies,  the need for teachers and (3)____students to become aware and competent in using new technologies,dramatic changes in bureaucratic
and legislating policies and regulations,and increased demands on teachers.(4)____

With the exception of the education system in the United States,
perhaps no education system has been studied more intensively than of Japan.(5)____
In 2001, in a well-balanced presentation of the Japanese (6)____model of schooling including its similarities to and fro (7)____ differences with that in the United States, Tsuneyoshi characterized the American approach to education as one that places an emphasis on competitiveness, individual attention from teachers along with individual accomplishment on the part, of students, development of cognitive abilities, and separation of teachers in terms of (8)___their disciplines.In contrary, the Japanese approach (particularly at the elementary school level) focuses on the "whole child"; close interactions between teachers and pupils for long periods of time in cooperative settings with attention to collected goals, tasks, and rewards;(9)____ and efforts to provide the same or very similar treatment for all students. One advantage of the American approach that is seriously missed in the (10)____Japanese approach is the former's attention to diversity and a sensitivity and concern for minority rights.

文章大意
本文讨论的是学校教育的文化模式转变。世界各地的学校正在经历一个快速变化的时期,很多时候很难在众多的关键问题之间获得平衡。教育家和学校面临的问题有:学生将来需要什么样的专业文化知识和技能、课程的全面修改、教学策略的实验、师生需要掌握新的科学技术等等。除了美国的教育制度以外,日本教育体制也被广泛研究。美国的教育强调竞争性、学生的个人成就、认知能力的发展等,而日本的教育强调孩子的整体发展、师生紧密关系和对所有学生一视同仁。

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