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专八改错集训营(108)

2014-05-19    来源:网络    【      托福雅思口语高分过

People learn Languages all the time, and for all kinds of reasons. For example, you probably (1)____have various reasons to study English than your classmates. But have you ever thought about (2)____creating entirely new language from scratch? There's been a boom in made-up languages recently, (3)____driving by the epic "Lord of the Rings' and other fantasy movies and books. (4)____The trend has also fueled as more and more people venture online. There are websites, discussion boards, and chat rooms that teach how to build a language, others that share new languages, and some that seek collaborators. (5)____ Made-up languages aren't restricted on Star Trek fans and Esperanto speakers.

It spends time and determination to create a new language. (6)____ A creator needs to do more than substitute existing words with invented ones. There' s rhythm  and intonation to consider-how does the language sound when spoken? (7)____ If it's invented for humans in a movie or book, how does biology change the sound? How does it represent the culture of the people who speak it? Then there are grammar rules, such as masculine and feminine nouns or verbs, word order, or the use of irregular verbs. Even if a simple language can take years to develop.(8)____

Yet the new languages don't have the same sticking power as real languages like English. As for the made-up languages of today,(9)____  there are an infinite number of reason behind their creation. Some people do it as a hobby, another as a way to relax Some just like the challenge.(10)____

文章大意
本文讨论的是新语言创造的现象。受科幻电影和互联网的影响,人们开始热衷于“创造新语言”。随着越来越多人上网,网上也出现了教人们创造新语言、分享新语言的网站和聊天室等。这大大推动了“创造新语言热”的发展。然而,创造一门全新的语言绝非易事,因为创造者不仅仅需要替换现有词汇,而且需要考虑节奏和语调——比如为某种“非人类”创造的语言,该物种会如何改变声音。创造的语言当然也不会像现实语言那么有生命力。人们创造新语言的原因也多种多样:或为爱好,或为放松自己,或作为一个挑战。
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