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2014年专八真题:人文知识和改错

2015-03-03    来源:网络    【      托福雅思口语高分过

2014年专八真题:人文知识和改错

PART III GENERAL KNOWLEDGE (10 MIN)

31. Which of the following is the French-speaking city in Canada?

A. Vancouver B. Ottawa C. Montreal D. Toronto

32. Which of the following are natives of New Zealand?

A. The Maoris B. The Aboriginals C. The Red Indians D. The Eskimos

33. The established or national church in England is

A. the Roman Catholic Church B. the United Reformed Church

C. the Anglican Church D. the Methodist Church

34. The 13 former British colonies in North America declared independence from Great Britain in

A. 1774 B. 1775 C. 1776 D. 1777

35. “Grace under pressure” is an outstanding virtue of ____ heroes.

A. Scott Fitzgerald’s B. Ernest Hemingway’s C. Eugene O’Neill’s D. William Faulkner’s

36. Widowers’ House was written by

A. William Butler Yeats B. George Bernard Shaw C. John Galsworthy D. T. S. Eliot

37. Who wrote The Canterbury Tales?

A. William Shakespeare B. William Blake C. Geoffrey Chaucer D. John Donne

38. Which of the following pairs of words are homophones?

A. wind (v.) / wind (n.) B. suspect (v.) / suspect (n.)

C. convict (v.) / convict (n.) D. bare (adj.) / bear (v.)

39. Which of the following sentences has the “S+V+O” structure?

A. He died a hero. B. I went to London. C. Mary enjoyed parties. D. She became angry.

40. Which of the following CAN NOT be used as an adverbial?

A. The lion’s share B. Heart and soul. C. Null and void. D. Hammer and tongs.

PART IV PROOFREADING & ERROR CORRECTION (15 MIN)
There is widespread consensus among scholars that second language acquisition (SLA) emerged as a distinct field of research from the late 1950s to early 1960s.

There is a high level of agreement that the following questions (1) ______

have possessed the most attention of researchers in this area: (2) ______

l Is it possible to acquire an additional language in the

same sense one acquires a first language? (3) ______

l What is the explanation for the fact adults have (4) ______

more difficulty in acquiring additional languages than children have?

l What motivates people to acquire additional language?

l What is the role of the language teaching in the (5) ______

acquisition of additional languages?

l What social-cultural factors, if any, are relevant in studying the

learning of additional languages?

From a check of the literature of the field it is clear that all (6) ______

the approaches adopted to study the phenomena of SLA so far have

one thing in common: The perspective adopted to view the acquiring

of an additional language is that of an individual attempts to do (7) ______

so. Whether one labels it “learning” or “acquiring” an additional

language, it is an individual accomplishment or what is under (8) ______

focus is the cognitive, psychological, and institutional status of an

individual. That is, the spotlight is on what mental capabilities are

involving, what psychological factors play a role in the learning (9) ______

or acquisition, and whether the target language is learnt in the

classroom or acquired through social touch with native speakers. (10) ______



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