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常远新托福口语真经试读 16

2013-07-01    来源:外研社    【      托福雅思口语高分过

新托福口语第六题预测真题

2012年01月21日 北美托福考试 口语真题

Question 6

Narrator: You will now listen to part of a lecture. You will then be asked a question about it. After you hear the question, you will have 20 seconds to prepare your response and 60 seconds to speak.
Narrator: Now listen to part of a talk from a lecture.

Using points and examples from the talk, explain the two ways in which animals use plants to be their own doctors.

Preparation Time: 20 Seconds

Response Time: 60 Seconds

回答详解

Note-taking笔记

Topic

2 ways → ani use plants → protect × ill

Example 1

mky → ×insect, bact~ ← use piper plant → cover body

Example 2

chmpz (chimpanzee) → ×poison from body ← eat leaves
+ eat dif fd

Paraphrasing 笔记转述

Topic

 2 ways → ani use plants → protect × ill
The lecture is about two ways in which animals use plants to protect themselves from getting an illness.

Example 1

 mky → ×insect, bact~ ← use piper plant → cover body
Monkeys ward off insects, bacteria, and fungal infections by use of the piper plant.

Example 2

 chmpz (chimpanzee) → ×poison from body ← eat leaves
Chimpanzees eat certain leaves to keep poison out of their bodies…
  + eat dif fd
… which also allows them to enjoy a more varied diet.

Sample Response 参考答案

Topic

The lecture is about two ways in which animals use plants to protect themselves from getting an illness.

Example 1

Monkeys are the example the lecturer uses to highlight animals’ use of medicinal plants. Whitefaced capuchin monkeys ward off insects, bacteria, and fungal infections by use of the piper plant.

Example 2

Likewise, chimpanzees eat certain leaves to keep poison out of their bodies, which also allows them to enjoy a more varied diet. These deliberate uses of an antidote to poison are beneficial to their health.

实用表达课堂

highlight 使突出;强调  medicinal plant 药用植物  ward off 抵挡  fungal 真菌引起的  chimpanzee 黑猩猩  antidote 解毒剂

常远老师提示

by use of

意为“通过使用…”,在这里use 为名词。也可用by doing 表达“以…方式”,故本句也可写为:… by using the piper plant.
varied

varied / a wide variety of / diverse mix of / various 都可表达“各种各样的”,当然还有最“水”的一种:different。

听力原文

[Lecture]

Surprising as it may sound, people are not the only species that has doctors! A number of animals use plants to, in effect, be their own doctors. Let’s look at a few examples of this now.

As you might expect, monkeys are among the animal kingdom’s doctors. The white-faced capuchin monkey rubs itself with leaves from the piper plant. This not only repels lice and mosquitoes, but also protects the monkey against various kinds of bacteria and fungus infections!

Likewise, the chimpanzees eat a lot of leaves which are high in cyanide, a deadly poison. Over time, the poison can build up in the body and make the monkey ill, or even die. But the monkeys counteract the effect of this by eating charcoal, and herbal plants. Thus the species can get the illness out of their bodies and comfort themselves. Also, by eating the leaves, they can eat a wider variety of food than they otherwise could.

以上内容选自外语教学与研究出版社出版的《常远新托福口语真经》一书



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