【听力文摘】吸烟的代价

作者:admin

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2014-3-18 09:59

【听力文摘】吸烟的代价

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The Cost Of Smoking

People give all kinds of reasons for why they started smoking, but none of them are good — not even supposedly altruistic ones.

While some claim that you’re actually saving our overburdened healthcare system money in the long run by smoking because it reduces life expectancy, it’s nowhere near a watertight argument.

First of all, you’re certainly not doing your family and friends a favor by deliberately lowering your life expectancy. In fact, your family will have to absorb the losses incurred when you miss work due to smoking-related illnesses. Second, there is a lot of debate over the best way to measure the economic costs of smoking.

Every study is based on different assumptions, and uses different data and methods. For example, should you measure the cost of smoking by looking at the cost of treating major illnesses like lung cancer and heart disease, or should you also measure the cost of less serious illnesses? Should you take into account the fact that people who live longer also pay more taxes and insurance premiums? Should you look at the overall cost to the healthcare system, or at the cost per individual?


Anyway, regardless of how you calculate them, the economic costs of smoking are inconsequential when compared to smoking’s real price: the misery caused by the deaths of over 400,000 people each year and the illnesses of several million.

吸烟的代价

人们总是为开始抽烟找各种理由,但是没有一种是好的,没有所谓的利他理由。

有这样一种声音,从长远利益来说你抽烟是在拯救我们不堪重负的医疗系统资金,减少预期寿命,但严密的论证我们尚未掌握。

首先,刻意降低你的预期寿命,并不是在帮你家人和朋友的忙。事实上,当你患上了抽烟的相关性疾病,你的家人便不得不承受造成的损失。其二,通过最好的方式去衡量抽烟的经济成本还存在很多争议。

各项研究都基于不同的假设,而且使用了不同的数据和方法。例如,通过观察治疗如肺癌,心脏病等重大疾病的成本,你估量到抽烟的成本了吗?你同时估量到不严重疾病的成本了吗?你考虑到活得更加长久人同时需要付更多的税费和保险的事实了吗?你考虑过医疗系统的总成本吗?或者是每个人的成本吗?

总之,不管你怎样计算,与抽烟实际代价相比,它的经济成本便微不足道了,抽烟酿成了每年40万人的死亡以及数百万人患病的悲剧。

【本译文由普特网友 sandyfc 提供】