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【听力文摘】加班坏处知多少?

2014-03-25    来源:普特英语听力    【      美国外教 在线口语培训
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Working Overtime

In American culture, working hard is almost always stressed as an unmitigated good. Is it possible to work too hard, though? Of course the answer is yes.

But the actual mental and physical consequences of working too much are less well known. According to a good amount of research, overworking, which is typically defined as working more than fifty hours per week, is strongly linked to reduced physical well-being and also to mental disorders such as depression.

Now, the science here is not exact. Working fifty or more hours a week may suit some people just fine, and even lead to better mental and physical fitness. It depends on the person in question, and also the type of work involved.

Still, scientists have recognized a phenomenon called the Theory of Time Allocation which, basically, suggests that the more money you make, the more likely you are to work more. In other words, with more money at stake, you’re more likely to see time spent not working as a wasted opportunity.

Even if you’re aware that working too much may have negative consequences, it can be difficult to break the cycle. At that point working becomes something like an addiction.


There’s no easy solution to this problem. Like many addictions, workaholism can be tough to overcome. The first step, experts say, is to recognize and understand the problem. And then, sometimes with the aid of professional help, take steps to beat it.

加班坏处知多少

在美国的文化中,几乎总是强调努力工作是至善至美之事。但是,有没有可能工作得太辛苦了?答案自然是肯定的。

但是,人们鲜闻过度劳作对人身心的真正影响。大量研究表明,过劳(通常定义为每周工作超过50个小时)与身体健康状况下降和像抑郁症这样的精神障碍息息相关。

目前,在这个问题上科学还不精确。有些人也许适于每周工作50个小时或更多时间,这甚至会使其身心更加健康。这取决于个人,和所从事的工作类型。

但是,科学家们还是识别出一种名为时间分配理论的现象,基本上,该理论表明,你钱挣得越多,极有可能你工作得越多。也就是说,越想挣更多的钱,你越觉得不把时间花在工作上就是在坐失良机。

即使你意识到过度工作可能会造成严重后果,但要打破这个怪圈却很难。从这点上看,工作有了上瘾的意味。

要解决这个问题不易。正如许多“瘾君子”那样,克服“工作成瘾”是很难的。专家表示,第一步要认识并理解这个问题。然后,有些时候,在专业的帮助下,逐步去克服。

【本译文由普特网友 veroniquelj  提供】



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