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【听力文摘】那些不喜欢音乐的人

2014-10-10    来源:普特英语听力    【      美国外教 在线口语培训
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Those Who Don’t Like Music

Everybody likes music, right? I mean, no matter who you are, where you live, or what your ethnic or cultural background is, people everywhere derive some pleasure from listening to their favorite music.

Except People Who Don’t
Apparently, though, some people are simply not capable of enjoying music. This not because they can’t experience pleasure at all. People who don’t “get” music typically enjoy sex, food, money and many other pleasurable things. Just not music.

According to at least one study, it’s not necessarily due to amusia a condition that hampers the brain’s ability to process music. People with what’s being called “specific musical anhedonia” have no trouble making sense of or hearing music properly. They’re just indifferent to it.

Recent Research
In the study, researchers at the University of Barcelona examined thirty subjects split into three groups. Each participant listened to different types of music and rated how much they enjoyed them.

They were also made to respond to questions in order to win or lose between twenty-five cents and nearly three dollars to test if the participants were only immune to music, or immune to other “pleasures”, like the prospect of winning money.


Mysteries Remain
Meanwhile, the scientists measured their emotional response to each task by analyzing heart rate and how well their skin conducted electricity.

And the researchers found that some of the participants had no emotional reaction to the music even when they were emotionally stimulated by the money incentive task. The researchers don’t know why some people derive no pleasure from music. Further research may provide an answer.

那些不喜欢音乐的人

人人都爱音乐,对吧?不管你是谁,住在哪,来自什么种族,拥有什么文化背景,听自己喜爱的音乐都会感到快乐。

除了那些对音乐不感冒的人
但是,很明显,有些人就是无法欣赏音乐。这并不是因为他们根本无法体会快乐的感觉。那些不爱音乐的人一般喜爱性,食物,金钱和其他能够带来快了的事物。只是对音乐不感兴趣罢了。

至少有一项研究显示,失音症(一种能够阻碍大脑处理音乐的病症)不一定是问题的根源所在,那些患有特殊音乐快感缺失症的人是可以理解或正常聆听音乐的。他们只是对音乐没有什么特别反应而已。

最新研究
在该项研究中,巴塞罗那大学的研究人员将30个研究对象分为三组,每个参与者要求听不同类型的音乐并告知他们喜爱的程度有多少。

同时,他们还需要回答问题,如果只是对音乐免疫,那么参与者可以赢得25美分到接近3美元的奖励,如果对其他能够带来愉悦感的因素免疫的话,就得不到奖励,比如赢钱能带来愉悦感。

未解之谜
同时,科学家们通过分析心率和皮肤导电性测量出参与者对每项任务产生的情感反映。
研究人员发现,一些参与者对音乐没有任何情感反应,甚至是在金钱刺激的情况下。目前研究人员还不知道为什么有些人无法从音乐中获得愉悦感。想要找出答案还需要进一步的研究。

【本译文由普特网友 kevinde 提供】



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