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走进牛津大学英语听力01:卓有成效的牛津大学(音频+文本)

2016-04-25    来源:小E    【      美国外教 在线口语培训
【牛津大学简介】牛津大学是世界十大学府之一,以美丽的大学城闻名全世界。

牛津大学坐落于英格兰南部的牛津市。在牛津,处处都是优美的哥德式尖塔建筑。

牛津大学是英国第一所国立大学,她为英国培育出无数的顶尖杰出人士,包括2位英国国王、26位英国首相(其中包括格莱斯顿、艾德礼、撒切尔夫人和布莱尔)、多位外国政府首脑(如美国前总统克林顿)、48位诺贝尔奖获得者以及一大批著名科学家。

该大学共有30多个学院,各具特色。牛津与剑桥是英国的骄傲,二校享誉全球,其地位之特殊除渊源于英国上层社会以外,还在于其悠久的历史与独特的学制。在英国社会里,牛剑(Oxbridge)一词即是二校的简称。 

【双语文本】
Located in Oxford, Britain, the University of Oxford is respected internationally as a teaching and research centre, with a long history of more than 800 years. Although the Oxford University does not have an exact date of foundation, its history can be traced back to the end of the 11th century. There is evidence showing that teaching existed in Oxford as early as 1096. At the end of the 12th century, the Oxford had grown rapidly into a very important teaching centre. During over 8 centuries, Oxford has always been the world’s leading academic institution. In the subject tables of the Times Good University Guide between 2002 and 2010, it has been ranked as the top university in the UK, with Cambridge as the second. The tables of 2008 shows that Oxford is ranked first in Politics, Physiological Sciences, English, Fine Art, Business Studies, Materials Technology, Middle Eastern and African Studies, Music, Philosophy, and also Education and Linguistics.
位于英国牛津市的牛津大学是在国际上备受尊崇的教学与研究中心,有着800多年的悠久历史。虽然牛津大学成立的确切日期不详,但其历史可追溯到11世纪末。有证据表明,早在10%年,牛津就有教学活动了。到12世纪末的时候,牛津已经快速发展成为了一个重要的教育中心。8个多世纪以来,牛津大学一直是全球的顶尖学府。从2002年到2010年,它已经连续9年被英国《泰晤士报》名校指南栏目评为全英国综合排名第一的大学,剑桥则排名第二。2008年的调查显示,牛津在以下科目排名第一:政治、生理学、英语、美学、商业研究、材料科学、中东和非洲学、音乐、哲学,还有教育学和语言学。
 
Oxford is not only the top university in the UK, but is a member of the Russell Group, which is a collaboration of twenty UK universities specializing in academic research. The Russell Group is a university union that produces the most Nobel Prize winners around the word. So far, there are some 300 Nobel Prize winners from the Group, among which 188 are from Cambridge, Oxford, and London University.Moreover, the Oxford University is also a membership of the Coimbra Group, which is a network of 38 European leading universities, including some universities that are the oldest and most prestigious in Europe.
牛津大学不仅是英国的顶级大学,同时也是英国专门从事学术研究的由20个大学组成的“罗素集团”中的一员。罗素集团是全世界产生诺贝尔奖得主最多的大学联盟。迄今为止,有大约300名诺贝尔奖得主出自该集团,其中,仅剑桥、牛津和伦敦大学就产生了188名。此外, 牛津大学也是科英布拉集团的成员,它是由38个欧洲顶尖大学组成的联盟,包括一些全欧洲最古老、最有声望的大学。
 
According to statistics, the Oxford University produced a total number of two Kings of England, forty-eight Nobel Prize winners, twenty-six British Prime Ministers,twelve saints and twenty Archbishops of Canterbury. The King of the Britain in 1901,Edward VII, studied in Oxford between 1859 and 1860; and Edward VIII, the King of the Britain in 1936, learned in the University between 1912 and 1914. Including Aung San Suu Kyi, Burma leader of the Opposition, forty-eight Nobel Prize winners have studied or taught at Oxford.Twenty-six British Prime Ministers have attended Oxford, including William Gladstone, Herbert Asquith, Clement Attlee, Harold Macmillan, Harold Wilson, Edward Heath, Margaret Thatcher, Tony Blair, and so on. Oxford has also produced at least twelve saints, and twenty Archbishops of Canterbury, including the current incumbent, Rowan Williams. There are also many other famous senior and junior members of the University in various areas, such as writers, economists, scientists, composers, and actors.
据统计,牛津大学总共产生了2位英国国王:,48位诺贝尔奖得主,26位英国首相,12位圣徒和20位大主教。1901年即位的英王爱德华七世曾在1859—1860年求学于牛津大学,而于1936年即位的英王爱德华八世也在1912—1914年就读于牛津大学。包括緬甸反对党领袖昂山素季在内的48位诺贝尔奖获得者都曾在牛津学习或者工作过。在牛津学习过的26位英国首相包括威廉•格莱斯顿、赫伯特•阿斯奎斯、克莱门特•艾德礼、哈罗德•麦克米伦、哈罗德•威尔逊、爱德华•希思、玛格丽特•撒切尔、托尼•布莱尔等。牛津大学还培养了至少12位圣徒和20位坎特伯雷大主教,包括现任坎特伯雷大主教罗恩•威廉斯。此外还有其他很多牛津著名校友遍布于众多领域,其中包括作家、经济学家、科学家、作曲家和演员。


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