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走进牛津大学英语听力04:牛津城(音频+文本)

2016-04-26    来源:小E    【      美国外教 在线口语培训

 【牛津大学简介】牛津大学是世界十大学府之一,以美丽的大学城闻名全世界。牛津大学坐落于英格兰南部的牛津市。在牛津,处处都是优美的哥德式尖塔建筑。牛津大学是英国第一所国立大学,她为英国培育出无数的顶尖杰出人士,包括2位英国国王、26位英国首相(其中包括格莱斯顿、艾德礼、撒切尔夫人和布莱尔)、多位外国政府首脑(如美国前总统克林顿)、48位诺贝尔奖获得者以及一大批著名科学家。该大学共有30多个学院,各具特色。牛津与剑桥是英国的骄傲,二校享誉全球,其地位之特殊除渊源于英国上层社会以外,还在于其悠久的历史与独特的学制。在英国社会里,牛剑(Oxbridge)一词即是二校的简称。 

 
【双语文本】
Oxford is a city in South East England. The city is world famous for its medieval university, the University of Oxford, which is the oldest university in the English-speaking world, as well as the academic leading university across the world. Oxford is regarded by the poet Matthew Arnold as the city of “dreaming spires”, demonstrating the harmonious architecture of Oxford’s university buildings. Oxford has buildings of every British architectural period, including the iconic building. Radcliffe Camera of the mid-18th century. Two rivers, Cherwell and Thames, run through Oxford and meet south of the city centre.
牛津城是英格兰东南部的一个城市。这座城市因拥有牛津大学这个成立于中世纪的大学而闻名遐迩。牛津大学是英语世界历史最悠久的大学,也是世界上学术研究名列前茅的大学。牛津城被诗人马修•阿诺德称为“梦想之巅”,这揭示了牛津城大学建筑物和谐的建筑风格。牛津城有着英国各种建筑风格时代的建筑物, 包括18世纪中期的拉德克里夫图书馆,它是牛津的标志性建筑。査威尔河和泰晤士河两条河流经牛津城,并在市中心南部相汇。
 
Centred on Carfax, the Oxford city centre is relatively small. Carfax is a cross-road on which a clock tower stands, and which is the junction of Com-market Street, Queen Street, St. Aldate’s and the High. Pedestrianised Commarket Street and semi-pedes-trianised Queen Street are home to Oxford’s various chain stores, as well as a small number of independent retailers. St. Aldate’s is the location of a number of local-govemment buildings, including the Town Hall, the city police station and local council offices. However, there are still few shops on St. Aldate’s. There are a large number of independent and high-end chain stores on the High. Furthermore, two small shopping centres are in the city centre: the Clarendon Centre and the Westgate Centre. The Clarendon Shopping Centre is located to the west of Commarket Street and to the north of Queen Street, while the Westgate Shopping Centre is located at the west end of Queen Street, where the west gate of the city of Oxford used to be situated.
牛津市中心位于卡法克斯十字路口,规模较小。卡法克斯十字路口是一个立着钟塔的十字路口,它是玉米市场街、皇后街、圣奥尔代茨路和高街的交汇处。步行的玉米市场街和半步行的皇后街拥有牛津城的各种连锁店,以及为数不多的独立零售商。不少当地政府的建筑都座落于圣奥尔代茨路,包括市政厅、牛津城警察局和当地议会办事处。但是,在圣奥尔代茨路上仍然有一些商店。在高街上有大量独立的高档连锁店。此外,在市中心还有两个小的购物中心:克拉伦登商场和西门购物中心。克拉伦登商场位于玉米市场街的西部和皇后街的北部,而西门购物中心在皇后街西部的末端,那里曾经是牛津城西门的旧址。
 
In addition, to a great many shops, there are also several theatres and cinemas in the city centre, such as the Burton Taylor Theatre, the Oxford Playhouse, the New Theatre, the Old Fire Station Theatre and the Odeon Cinema. The Burton Taylor Theatre is a 50-seater studio theatre owned by Oxford University. It mainly plays host to small-budget productions, as well as used for student productions and for rehearsals. It is situated on Gloucester Street, close to the Oxford Playhouse, which is on Beaumont Street. The Oxford Playhouse is a larger professional theatre and manages the Burton Taylor Theatre on behalf of the University. The New Theatre is the main commercial theatre in Oxford, and has a capacity of 1,800 people. It is located in George Street in the city centre, and puts on a variety of shows, from musical theatre to stand-up comedy to gigs. The Old Fire Station Theatre is also situated at George Street, and is one of the smaller studio theatres in the city. About 20 student shows are performed there per year, with the rest of time being filled by a mixture of professional, semi-pro, and community theatre. The Odeon Cinema is a British cinema chain, which is the largest cinema chain in Europe.
除了大量的商店,牛津市中心还有很多剧场和电影院,如:伯顿•泰勒剧场、 牛津剧场、新剧场、老消防站剧场和安迪剧院。伯顿•泰勒剧场是一个有着50个座位的工作室,归牛津大学所有。它主要上演低成本的电影,并用于学生作品演出和排练。它位于格洛斯特街,与位于博蒙特街的牛津剧场相邻。牛津剧场是一个更大的专业剧场,并代表牛津大学管理伯顿•泰勒剧场。新剧场是牛津城主要的盈利性剧场,能够容纳1800人。它位于市中心的乔治街,并上演各种节目,从音乐剧、独角喜剧到音乐会,包罗万象。老消防站剧场也位于乔治街,是牛津城小型的工作室剧场之一。每年都有大约20个学生节目在那里演出,其余时间都是专业的、半专业的戏剧和社团戏剧。安迪剧院是英国的一个连锁电影院,也是欧洲最大的连锁电影院。
 
Oxford has a lot of tourist attractions, many belonging to the university and colleges, such as the Ashmolean Museum, the Bodleian Library, Oxford Botanic Garden, Sheldonian Theatre, and more. There are also many landmarks in Oxford, as Carfax Tower and the University Church of St Mary the Virgin. Many tourists should shop at the historic Covered Market. Moreover, Blackwell Bookshop is also a very popular tourist attraction in Oxford. It claims the largest bookshop in the whole of Europe.
牛津城有很多观光景点,其中不少都属于牛津大学和学院,例如:艾什莫林博物馆、博德利图书馆、牛津大学植物园、谢尔登剧场等等。牛津城还有很多标志性建筑,如卡法克斯塔和牛津大学圣玛丽亚教堂。许多游客会在颇具历史意义的室内市场购物。另外,布拉克韦尔书店也是牛津城的一个非常受欢迎的旅游景点。它自称是全欧洲最大的书店。


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